XXrem-nant: Remnant is the translation of yether, "what is left over" (Dt 3:11; 28:54; Josh 12:4, etc.); of she-ar, "the rest" (Ezr 3:8 the King James Version; Isa 10:20,21,22; 11:16, etc.; Zeph 1:4); more frequently of she-erith, "residue," etc. (2 Ki 19:4,31; 2 Ch 34:9; Ezr 9:14; Isa 14:30, etc.). As the translation of the last-mentioned two words, "remnant" has a special significance in the prophecies of Isaiah, as denoting "a holy seed," or spiritual kernel, of the nation which should survive impending judgment and become the germ of the people of God, being blessed of God and made a blessing (compare Mic 2:12; 4:7; 5:7,8; 7:18; also Zeph 2:7; 3:13; Hag 1:12,14; Zec 8:6; Joel 2:32). Paul, in Rom 9:27, quotes from Isa 10:22 f, "the remnant (kataleimma, "what is left over"] shall be saved"; compare also Rom 11:5 (where the word is leimma) with 2 Ki 19:4. Several other Hebrew words are less frequently translated "remnant": ahar, "after"; yathar, "to be left over," etc.; in the New Testament (the King James Version) we have also loipos, "left," "remaining" (Mt 22:6; Rev 11:13, etc.).
For "remnant" the Revised Version (British and American) has "overhanging part" (Ex 26:12), "rest" (Lev 14:18, etc.); on the other hand gives "remnant" for "posterity" (Gen 45:7), for "rest" (Josh 10:20; 1 Ch 4:43; Isa 10:19), for "residue" (Hag 2:2; Zec 8:11), etc.
W. L. Walker