首頁加入會員會員登入點數說明網站地圖聯絡我們奉獻支持 (尚未登入) 愛諾園上線 9月23日 星期三
更多>>
 

服務列表
靈修
資訊
社群
知識
分享
遊戲
台灣聖經網
靈糧中心 線上奉獻
代禱信 登廣告


每日一詞 主題辭典 聖經人名 聖經地名 聖經英文

搜尋方式: 本搜尋引擎限搜尋一個字,採模糊比對。

目前本系統共收錄了 1,856 個聖經相關人名
以及 HDBN 包含了 2,616 個姓名的意義解釋。


中文名字 英文名字 查詢經文 代表經文 Nave's Topical Bible ISBE Easton HBND SDB
尼利 NERI
代表
路3:27
ISBE
ne-ri ((@Nerei (Tisch., Treg., Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek), Textus Receptus of the New Testament, Neri; for Hebrew neriyah): The name of an ancestor of Jesus, the grandfather of Zerubbabel (Lk 3:27).
See NERIAH.
HDBN
my light
SBD
short form for NERIAH (Jehovah is my lamp ) son of Melchi and father of Salathiel, in the genealogy of Christ.
尼利亞 NEREUS
代表
羅16:15
ISBE
ne-rus, ne-re-us (Nereus): The name of a Roman Christian to whom with his sister Paul sent greetings (Rom 16:15). Nereus and the others saluted with him (Rom 16:15) formed small community or "house church." The name of the sister is not given, but the name Nereis is found on an inscription of this date containing names of the emperors servants (Lightfoot, Phil, 176). Among the Acta Sanctorum connected with the early church in Rome are the "Acts of Nereus and Achilleus" which call them chamberlains of Domitilla, the niece of Vespasian, and relate their influence over her in persuading her to remain a virgin.
S. F. Hunter
Easton
a Christian at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutation (Rom. 16:15).
HDBN
same as Ner
SBD
(lamp ), a Christian at Rome, saluted by St. Paul. ( Romans 16:15 ) According to tradition he was beheaded at Terracina, probably in the reign of Nerva.
尼利亞 NERIAH
代表
耶32:12 耶36:4 耶43:3 耶51:59
ISBE
ne-ri-a (neriyah, "whose lamp is Yah"): The father of Seraiah and of Baruch, Jeremiahs friend and secretary (Jer 32:12,16; 36:4,8,32; 43:3). In Baruch 1:1 the Greek form of the name, Ner(e)ias, is given, and this shortened, Neri, occurs in the genealogy of Jesus Christ.
HDBN
light; lamp of the Lord
SBD
(lamp of Jehovah ), the son of Maaseiah and father of Baruch and Seraiah.
尼利雅 NEARIAH
代表
代上4:42 代上4:43 代上3:22
ISBE
ne-a-ri-a (ne`aryah):
(1) A descendant of David (1 Ch 3:22 f).
(2) A descendant of Simeon (1 Ch 4:42).
In both instances the Septuagint reads "Noadiah."
HDBN
child of the Lord
尼哥 NECHO
代表
代下35:20 代下35:21 代下35:22 代下35:23 代下35:24 代下35:25
HDBN
lame; beaten
SBD
(lame ). ( 2 Chronicles 35:20 2 Chronicles 35:22 ; 36:4 ) [PHARAOH-NECHO]
尼哥大 NEKODA
代表
拉2:48 尼7:50 拉2:60 尼7:62
ISBE
ne-ko-da (neqodha):
(1) Head of a family of Nethinim (Ezr 2:48; Neh 7:50; compare 1 Esdras 5:31).
(2) Head of a family which failed to prove its Israelite descent (Ezr 2:60; Neh 7:62; compare 1 Esdras 5:31,37). In the parallel verses of 1 Esdras the names are given thus: NOEBA and NEKODAN (which see).
HDBN
painted; inconstant
SBD
(distinguished ). The descendants of Nekoda returned among the Nethinim after the captivity. ( Ezra 2:48 ; Nehemiah 7:50 ) The sons of Nekoda were among those who went up after the captivity from Tel-melah, Tel-harsa, and other places, but were unable to prove their descent from Israel. ( Ezra 2:60 ; Nehemiah 7:62 )
尼哥底母 NICODEMUS
代表
約3:1 約3:2 約3:3 約3:4 約3:5 約3:6 約3:7 約3:8 約3:9 約3:10 約3:11 約3:12 約3:13 約3:14 約3:15 約7:50 約7:51 約19:38 約19:39
ISBE
nik-o-de-mus (Nikodemos): A Pharisee and a "ruler of the Jews," mentioned only by John. He (1) interviewed Christ at Jerusalem and was taught by Him the doctrine of the New Birth (Jn 3:1-15), (2) defended Him before the Sanhedrin (Jn 7:50-52), and (3) assisted at His burial (Jn 19:39-42).
1. The Interview:
This meeting, which it has been surmised took place in the house of John (Jn 3:1-15), was one of the results of our Lords ministry at Jerusalem during the first Passover (compare Jn 3:2 with Jn 2:23). Although Nicodemus had been thus won to believe in the divine nature of Christs mission, his faith was yet very incomplete in that he believed Him to be inspired only after the fashion of the Old Testament prophets. To this faint-hearted faith corresponded his timidity of action, which displayed itself in his coming "by night," lest he should offend his colleagues in the Sanhedrin and the other hostile Jews (Jn 3:2). In answer to the veiled question which the words of Nicodemus implied, and to convince him of the inadequacy of mere intellectual belief, Christ proclaimed to him the necessity for a spiritual regeneration: "Except one be born anew, he cannot see the kingdom of God" (Jn 3:3). This was interpreted by Nicodemus only in its materialistic sense, and therefore caused him bewilderment and confusion (Jn 3:4). But Christ, as on another occasion when dealing with His questioners on a similar point of doctrine (compare Jn 6:52,53), answered his perplexity only by repeating His previous statement (Jn 3:5). He then proceeded to give further explanation. The re-birth is not outward but inward, it is not of the body but of the soul (Jn 3:6). Just as God is the real agent in the birth of the body, so also is He the Creator of the New Spirit; and just as no one knoweth whence cometh the wind, or "whither it goeth," yet all can feel its effects who come under its influence, so is it with the rebirth. Only those who have experienced it as a change in themselves, wrought by the Divine Power, are qualified to judge either of its reality or of its effects (Jn 3:7,8). But Nicodemus, since such experience had not yet been his, remained still unenlightened (Jn 3:9). Christ therefore condemned such blindness in one who yet professed to be a teacher of spiritual things (Jn 3:10), and emphasized the reality in His own life of those truths which He had been expounding (Jn 3:11). With this, Christ returned to the problem underlying the first statement of Nicodemus. If Nicodemus cannot believe in "earthly things," i.e. in the New Birth, which, though coming from above, is yet realized in this world, how can he hope to understand "heavenly things," i.e. the deeper mysteries of Gods purpose in sending Christ into the world (Jn 3:12), of Christs Divine sonship (Jn 3:13), of His relationship to the atonement and the salvation of man (Jn 3:14), and of how a living acceptance of and feeding upon Him is in itself Divine life (Jn 3:15; compare Jn 6:25-65)?
2. The Defense:
The above interview, though apparently fruitless at the time, was not without its effect upon Nicodemus. At the Feast of Tabernacles, when the Sanhedrin was enraged at Christs proclamation of Himself as the "living water" (Jn 7:37,38), Nicodemus was emboldened to stand up in His defense. Yet here also he showed his natural timidity. He made no personal testimony of his faith in Christ, but sought rather to defend Him on a point of Jewish law (Jn 7:50-52; compare Ex 23:1; Dt 1:16,17; 17:6; 19:15).
3. The Burial:
By this open act of reverence Nicodemus at last made public profession of his being of the following of Christ. His wealth enabled him to provide the "mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds," with which the body of Jesus was embalmed (Jn 19:39 ff).
The Gospel of Nicodemus and other apocryphal works narrate that Nicodemus gave evidence in favor of Christ at the trial before Pilate, that he was deprived of office and banished from Jerusalem by the hostile Jews, and that he was baptized by Peter and John. His remains were said to have been found in a common grave along with those of Gamaliel and Stephen.
Nicodemus is a type of the "well-instructed and thoughtful Jew who looked for the consummation of national hope to follow in the line along which he had himself gone, as being a continuation and not a new beginning" (Westcott). The manner in which the Gospel narrative traces the overcoming of his natural timidity and reluctant faith is in itself a beautiful illustration of the working of the Spirit, of how belief in the Son of Man is in truth a new birth, and the entrance into eternal life.
C. M. Kerr
Easton
the people is victor, a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin. He is first noticed as visiting Jesus by night (John 3:1-21) for the purpose of learning more of his doctrines, which our Lord then unfolded to him, giving prominence to the necessity of being "born again." He is next met with in the Sanhedrin (7:50-52), where he protested against the course they were taking in plotting against Christ. Once more he is mentioned as taking part in the preparation for the anointing and burial of the body of Christ (John 19:39). We hear nothing more of him. There can be little doubt that he became a true disciple.
HDBN
victory of the people
SBD
(conqueror of the people ), a Pharisee, a ruler of the Jews and a teacher of Israel, ( John 3:1 John 3:10 ) whose secret visit to our Lord was the occasion of the discourse recorded only by St. John. In Nicodemus a noble candor and a simple love of truth shine out in the midst of hesitation and fear of man. He finally became a follower of Christ, and came with Joseph of Arimathaea to take down and embalm the body of Jesus.
尼哥拉 NICOLAS
代表
徒6:5 啟2:6 啟2:7 啟2:8 啟2:9 啟2:10 啟2:11 啟2:12 啟2:13 啟2:14 啟2:15
Easton
the victory of the people, a proselyte of Antioch, one of the seven deacons (Acts 6:5).
HDBN
same as Nicodemus
SBD
(victor of the people ), ( Acts 6:5 ) a native of Antioch and a proselyte to the Jewish faith. When the church was still confined to Jerusalem, he became a convert and being a man of honest report full of the Holy Ghost and of wisdom, he was chosen by the whole multitude of the disciples to be one of the first seven deacons, and was ordained by the apostles. There is no reason except the simplicity of name for identifying Nicolas with the sect of Nicolaitans which our Lord denounces, for the traditions on the subject are of no value.
尼大比雅 NEDABIAH
代表
代上3:18
ISBE
ned-a-bi-a (nedhabhyah): A descendant of David (1 Ch 3:18).
Easton
moved of Jehovah, one of the sons of Jeconiah (1 Chr. 3:18).
HDBN
prince or vow of the Lord
SBD
(whom Jehovah impels ) apparently one of the sons of Jeconiah or Jehoiachin, king of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 3:18 )
尼安 NEHUM
代表
尼7:7 拉2:2
ISBE
ne-hum (nechum): One of the twelve heads of the people who returned with Zerubbabel (Neh 7:7). In the parallel passage (Ezr 2:2), the name appears as REHUM (which see), and in 1 Esdras 5:8 as "Roimus."
HDBN
comforter; penitent
SBD
(consolation ), one of those who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. ( Nehemiah 7:7 )
尼布撒拉旦 NEBUZARADAN
代表
賽46:1 王下25:8 王下25:11 王下25:20 耶39:9 耶39:10 耶39:11 耶39:13
ISBE
neb-u-zar-a-dan, -zar-a-dan (nebhuzaradhan = Assyrian Nabu-zara-iddina, "Nebo has given seed"; Nebouzardan): Nebuchadnezzars general at the siege of Jerusalem (2 Ki 25:8,11,20; Jer 52:12,15,26; 39:9,10,11,13). Under the title of "captain of the guard," he commanded the army, and, after the fall of the city, carried out his masters policy with regard to the safety of Jeremiah, the transport of the exiles, and the government of those who were left in the land.
Easton
the captain of the guard, in rank next to the king, who appears prominent in directing affairs at the capture of Jerusalem (2 Kings 25:8-20; Jer. 39:11; 40:2-5). He showed kindness toward Jeremiah, as commanded by Nebuchadnezzar (40:1). Five years after this he again came to Jerusalem and carried captive seven hundred and forty-five more Jews.
尼布沙斯班 NEBUSHASBAN
代表
耶39:13
Easton
adorer of Nebo, or Nebo saves me, the "Rabsaris," or chief chamberlain, of the court of Babylon. He was one of those whom the king sent to release Jeremiah from prison in Jerusalem (Jer. 39:13).
SBD
(Nebo saves me ), one of the officers of Nebuchadnezzar at the time of the capture of Jerusalem. He was Rab-saris, i.e. a chief of the eunuchs. ( Jeremiah 39:13 ) Nebushasbans office and title were the same as those of Ashpenaz, ( Daniel 1:3 ) whom he probably succeeded.
尼布甲尼撒 NEBUCHADNEZZAR
代表
王下24:1 王下24:2 王下24:10 王下24:11 王下25:1 王下25:2 王下25:3 王下25:4 王下25:5 王下25:6 王下25:7
Easton
in the Babylonian orthography Nabu-kudur-uzur, which means "Nebo, protect the crown!" or the "frontiers." In an inscription he styles himself "Nebo's favourite." He was the son and successor of Nabopolassar, who delivered Babylon from its dependence on Assyria and laid Nineveh in ruins. He was the greatest and most powerful of all the Babylonian kings. He married the daughter of Cyaxares, and thus the Median and Babylonian dynasties were united. Necho II., the king of Egypt, gained a victory over the Assyrians at Carchemish. (See JOSIAH
HDBN
Nebuchadrezzar
SBD
or Nebuchadrezzar (may Nebo protect the crown ), was the greatest and most powerful of the Babylonian kings. His name is explained to mean "Nebo is the protector against misfortune." He was the son and successor of Nabopolassar, the founder of the Babylonian empire. In the lifetime of his father Nebuchadnezzar led an army against Pharaoh-necho, king of Egypt, defeated him at Carchemish, B.C. 605, in a great battle ( Jeremiah 46:2-12 ) recovered Coele-Syria, Phoenicia and Palestine, took Jerusalem, ( Daniel 1:1 Daniel 1:2 ) pressed forward to Egypt, and was engaged in that country or upon its borders when intelligence arrived which recalled him hastily to Babylon. Nabopolassar, after reigning twenty-one years, had died and the throne was vacant. In alarm about the succession Nebuchadnezzar returned to the capital, accompanied only by his light troops; and crossing the desert, probably by way of Tadmor or Palmyra, reached Babylon before any disturbance had arisen and entered peaceably on his kingdom, B.C. 604. Within three years of Nebuchadnezzars first expedition into Syria and Palestine, disaffection again showed itself in those countries. Jehoiakim, who, although threatened at first with captivity, ( 2 Chronicles 36:6 ) had been finally maintained on the throne as a Babylonian vassal, after three years of service "turned and rebelled" against his suzerain, probably trusting, to be supported by Egypt. ( 2 Kings 24:1 ) Not long afterward Phoenicia seems to have broken into revolt, and the Chaldean monarch once more took the field in person, and marched first of all against Tyre. Having invested that city and left a portion of his army there to continue the siege, he proceeded against Jerusalem, which submitted without a struggle. According to Josephus, who is here our chief authority, Nebuchadnezzar punished Jehoiakim with death, comp. ( Jeremiah 23:18 Jeremiah 23:19 ) and Jere 36:30 but placed his son Jehoiachin upon the throne. Jehoiachin reigned only three months; for, on his showing symptoms of disaffection, Nebuchadnezzar came up against Jerusalem for the third time, deposed the sons prince whom he carried to Babylon, together with a large portion of the population of the city and the chief of the temple treasures), and made his uncle, Zedekiah, king in his room. Tyre still held out; and it was not till the thirteenth year from the time of its first investment that the city of merchants fell, B.C. 585. Ere this happened, Jerusalem had been totally destroyed. Nebuchadnezzar had commenced the final siege of Jerusalem in the ninth year of Zedekiah --his own seventeenth year (B.C. 588)--and took it two years later, B.C. 586. Zedekiah escaped from the city, but was captured near Jericho, ( Jeremiah 39:5 ) and brought to Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah in the territory of Hamath, where his eyes were put out by the kings order while his sons and his chief nobles were Plain. Nebuchadnezzar then returned to Babylon with Zedekiah, whom he imprisoned for the remainder of his life. The military successes of Nebuchadnezzar cannot be traced minutely beyond this point. It may be gathered from the prophetical Scriptures and from Josephus that the conquest of Jerusalem was rapidly followed by the fall of Tyre and the complete submission of Phoenicia, Ezek 26-28 after which the Babylonians carried their arms into Egypt, and inflicted severe injuries on that fertile country. ( Jeremiah 46:13-26 ; Ezekiel 23:2-20 ) We are told that the first care of Nebuchadnezzar, on obtaining quiet possession of his kingdom after the first Syrian expedition, was to rebuild the temple of Bel (Bel-Merodach ) at Babylon out of the spoils of the Syrian war. The next proceeded to strengthen and beautify the city, which he renovated throughout and surrounded with several lines of fortifications, himself adding one entirely new quarter. Having finished the walls and adorned the gates magnificently, he constructed a new palace. In the grounds of this palace he formed the celebrated "hanging garden," which the Greeks placed among the seven wonders of the world. But he did not confine his efforts to the ornamentation and improvement of his capital. Throughout the empire at Borsippa, Sippara, Cutha, Chilmad, Duraba, Teredon, and a multitude of other places, he built or rebuilt cities, repaired temples, constructed quays, reservoirs, canals and aqueducts, on a scale of grandeur and magnificence surpassing everything of the kind recorded in history unless it be the constructions of one or two of the greatest Egyptian monarchs. The wealth greatness and general prosperity of Nebuchadnezzar are strikingly placed before us in the book of Daniel. Toward the close of his reign the glory of Nebuchadnezzar suffered a temporary eclipse. As a punishment for his pride and vanity, that strange form of madness was sent upon him which the Greeks called Lycanthropy, wherein the sufferer imagines himself a beast, and, quitting the haunts of men, insists on leading the life of a beast. ( Daniel 4:33 ) (This strange malady is thought by some to receive illustration from an inscription; and historians place at this period the reign of a queen to whom are ascribed the works which by others are declared to be Nebuchadnezzars. Probably his favorite wife was practically at the head of affairs during the malady of her husband. Other historians, Eusebius and Berosus also confirm the account. See Rawlinsons "Historical Illustrations." --ED. ) After an interval of four or perhaps seven years, ( Daniel 4:16 ) Nebuchadnezzars malady left him. We are told that "his reason returned, and for the glory of his kingdom his honor and brightness returned;" and he "was established in his kingdom, and excellent majesty was added to him." ( Daniel 4:36 ) He died in the year B.C. 561, at an advanced age (eighty-three or eighty-four), having reigned forty-three years. A son, Evilmerodach, succeeded him.
尼希米 NEHEMIAH
代表
拉2:2 尼7:7 尼3:16 尼1:1 尼1:2 尼1:3 尼1:4 尼1:5 尼1:6 尼1:7 尼1:8 尼1:9 尼1:10 尼1:11 尼2:1 尼2:2 尼2:3 尼2:4 尼2:5 尼2:6 尼2:7 尼2:8
ISBE
ne-he-mi-a, ne-hem-i-a (nechemyah, "comforted of Yah"):
1. Family
2. Youth
3. Kings Cupbearer
4. Governor of Judea
5. Death

LITERATURE
Nehemiah, the son of Hacaliah, is the Jewish patriot whose life is recorded in the Biblical work named after him. All that we know about him from contemporary sources is found in this book; and so the readers of this article are referred to the Book of Nehemiah for the best and fullest account of his words and deeds.
See EZRA-NEHEMIAH.
1. Family:
All that is known of his family is that he was the son of Hacaliah (Neh 1:1) and that one of his brothers was called Hanani (Neh 1:2; 7:2); the latter a man of sufficient character and importance to have been made a ruler of Jerusalem.
From Neh 10:1-8 some have inferred that he was a priest, since Nehemiah comes first in the list of names ending with the phrase, "these were the priests." This view is supported by the Syriac and Arabic versions of 10:1, which read: "Nehemiah the elder, the son of Hananiah the chief of the priests"; and by the Latin Vulgate (Jeromes Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) of 2 Macc 1:21, where he is called "Nehemiah the priest," and possibly by 2 Macc 1:18, where it is said that Nehemiah "offered sacrifices, after that he had builded the temple and the altar."
The argument based upon Neh 10:1-8 will fall to the ground, if we change the pointing of the "Seraiah" of the 3rd verse and read "its princes," referring back to the princes of 10:1. In this case, Nehemiah and Zedekiah would be the princes; then would come the priests and then the Levites.
Some have thought that he was of the royal line of Judah, inasmuch as he refers to his "fathers sepulchres" at Jerusalem (Neh 2:3). This would be a good argument only if it could be shown that none but kings had sepulchers at Jerusalem.
It has been argued again that he was of noble lineage because of his position as cupbearer to the king of Persia. To substantiate this argument, it would need to be shown that none but persons of noble birth could serve in this position; but this has not been shown, and cannot be shown.
2. Youth:
From the fact that Nehemiah was so grieved at the desolation of the city and sepulchers of his fathers and that he was so jealous for the laws of the God of Judah, we can justly infer that he was brought up by pious parents, who instructed him in the history and law of the Jewish people.
3. Kings Cupbearer:
Doubtless because of his probity and ability, he was apparently at an early age appointed by Artaxerxes, king of Persia, to the responsible position of cupbearer to the king. There is now no possible doubt that this King his king was Artaxerxes, the first of that name, commonly called Longimanus, who ruled over Persia from 464 to 424 BC. The mention of the sons of Sanballat, governor of Samaria, in a letter written to the priests of Jerusalem in 407 BC, among whom Johanan is especially named, proves that Sanballat must have ruled in the time of Artaxerxes I rather than in that of Artaxerxes II.
The office of cupbearer was "one of no trifling honor" (Herod. iii.34). It was one of his chief duties to taste the wine for the king to see that it was not poisoned, and he was even admitted to the king while the queen was present (Neh 2:6). It was on account of this position of close intimacy with the king that Nehemiah was able to obtain his commission as governor of Judea and the letters and edicts which enabled him to restore the walls of Jerusalem.
4. Governor of Judea:
The occasion of this commission was as follows: Hanani, the brother of Nehemiah, and other men of Judah came to visit Nehemiah while he was in Susa in the 9th month of the 20th year of Artaxerxes. They reported that the Jews in Jerusalem were in great affliction and that the wall thereof was broken down and its gates burned with fire. Thereupon he grieved and fasted and prayed to God that he might be granted favor by the king. Having appeared before the latter in the 1st month of the 21st year of Artaxerxes, 444 BC, he was granted permission to go to Jerusalem to build the city of his fathers sepulchers, and was given letters to the governors of Syria and Israel and especially to Asaph, the keeper of the kings forest, ordering him to supply timber for the wall, the fortress, and the temple. He was also appointed governor of the province of which Jerusalem was the capital.
Armed with these credentials and powers he repaired to Jerusalem and immediately set about the restoration of the walls, a work in which he was hindered and harassed by Sanballat, the governor of Samaria, and others, some of them Jews dwelling in Jerusalem. Notwithstanding, he succeeded in his attempt and eventually also in providing gates for the various entrances to the city.
Having accomplished these external renovations, he instituted a number of social reforms. He appointed the officers necessary for better government, caused the people to be instructed in the Law by public readings, and expositions; celebrated the Feast of Tabernacles; and observed a national fast, at which the sins of the people were confessed and a new covenant with Yahweh was solemnly confirmed. The people agreed to avoid marriages with the heathen, to keep the Sabbath, and to contribute to the support of the temple. To provide for the safety and prosperity of the city, one out of every ten of the people living outside Jerusalem was compelled to settle in the city. In all of these reforms he was assisted by Ezra, who had gone up to Jerusalem in the 7th year of Artaxerxes.
5. Death:
Once, or perhaps oftener, during his governorship Nehemiah returned to the king. Nothing is known as to when or where he died. It is certain, however, that he was no longer governor in 407 BC; for at that time according to the Aramaic letter written from Elephantine to the priests of Jerusalem, Bagohi was occupying the position of governor over Judea. One of the last acts of Nehemiahs government was the chasing away of one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib, because he had become the son-in-law to Sanballat, the governor of Samaria. As this Joiada was the father of Johanan (Neh 12:22) who, according to the Aramaic papyrus, was high priest in 407 BC, and according to Josephus (Ant., XI, viii.1) was high priest while Bagohi (Bogoas) was general of Artaxerxes army, it is certain that Nehemiah was at this time no longer in power. From the 3rd of the Sachau papyri, it seems that Bagohi was already governor in 410 BC; and, that at the same time, Dalayah, the son of Sanballat, was governor in Samaria. More definite information on these points is not to be had at present.

LITERATURE.
The only early extra-Biblical data with regard to Nehemiah and the Judea of his times are to be found: (1) in the Egyptian papyri of Elephantine ("Aramaische Papyri und Ostraka aus einer judischen Militar-Kolonie zu Elephantine," Altorientalische Sprachdenkmaler des 5. Jahrhunderts vor Chr., Bearbeitet von Eduard Sachau. Leipzig, 1911); (2)in Josephus, Ant, XI, vi, 6-8; vii, 1, 2; (3) in Ecclesiasticus 49:13, where it is said: "The renown of Nehemiah is glorious; of him who established our waste places and restored our ruins, and set up the gates and bars"; (4) and lastly in 2 Macc 1:18-36 and 2:13; in the latter of these passages it speaks of `the writings and commentaries of Nehemiah; and how he, founding a library, gathered together the acts of the kings and the prophets and of David and the epistles of the kings concerning the holy gifts.
R. Dick Wilson
Easton
comforted by Jehovah. (1.) Ezra 2:2; Neh. 7:7. (2.) Neh. 3:16. (3.) The son of Hachaliah (Neh. 1:1), and probably of the tribe of Judah. His family must have belonged to Jerusalem (Neh. 2:3). He was one of the "Jews of the dispersion," and in his youth was appointed to the important office of royal cup-bearer at the palace of Shushan. The king, Artaxerxes Longimanus, seems to have been on terms of friendly familiarity with his attendant. Through his brother Hanani, and perhaps from other sources (Neh. 1:2; 2:3), he heard of the mournful and desolate condition of the Holy City, and was filled with sadness of heart. For many days he fasted and mourned and prayed for the place of his fathers' sepulchres. At length the king observed his sadness of countenance and asked the reason of it. Nehemiah explained it all to the king, and obtained his permission to go up to Jerusalem and there to act as _tirshatha_, or governor of Judea. He went up in the spring of B.C. 446 (eleven years after Ezra), with a strong escort supplied by the king, and with letters to all the pashas of the provinces through which he had to pass, as also to Asaph, keeper of the royal forests, directing him to assist Nehemiah. On his arrival he set himself to survey the city, and to form a plan for its restoration; a plan which he carried out with great skill and energy, so that the whole was completed in about six months. He remained in Judea for thirteen years as governor, carrying out many reforms, notwithstanding much opposition that he encountered (Neh. 13:11). He built up the state on the old lines, "supplementing and completing the work of Ezra," and making all arrangements for the safety and good government of the city. At the close of this important period of his public life, he returned to Persia to the service of his royal master at Shushan or Ecbatana. Very soon after this the old corrupt state of things returned, showing the worthlessness to a large extent of the professions that had been made at the feast of the dedication of the walls of the city (Neh. 12. See EZRA
HDBN
consolation; repentance of the Lord
SBD
(consolation of the Lord ). Son of Hachaliah, and apparently of the tribe of Judah. All that we know certainly concerning him is contained in the book which bears his name. We first find him at Shushan, the winter residence of the kings of Persia, in high office as the cupbearer of King Artaxerxes Longimanus. In the twentieth year of the kings reign, i.e. B.C. 445, certain Jews arrived from Judea, and gave Nehemiah a deplorable account of the state of Jerusalem. He immediately conceived the idea of going to Jerusalem to endeavor to better their state, and obtained the kings consent to his mission. Having received his appointment as governor of Judea, he started upon his journey, being under promise to return to Persia within a given time. Nehemiahs great work was rebuilding, for the first time since their destruction by Nebuzar-adan, the walls of Jerusalem, and restoring that city to its former state and dignity as a fortified town. To this great object therefore Nehemiah directed his whole energies without an hours unnecessary delay. In a wonderfully short time the walls seemed to emerge from the heaps of burnt rubbish, end to encircle the city as in the days of old. It soon became apparent how wisely Nehemiah had acted in hastening on the work. On his very first arrival, as governor, Sanballat and Tobiah had given unequivocal proof of their mortification at his appointment; but when the restoration was seen to be rapidly progressing, their indignation knew no bounds. They made a great conspiracy to fall upon the builders with an armed force and put a stop to the undertaking. The project was defeated by the vigilance and prudence of Nehemiah. Various stratagems were then resorted to get Nehemiah away from Jerusalem and if possible to take his life; but that which most nearly succeeded was the attempt to bring him into suspicion with the king of Persia, as if he intended to set himself up as an independent king as soon as the walls were completed. The artful letter of Sanballat so-far wrought upon Artaxerxes that he issued a decree stopping the work till further orders. If is probable that at the same time he recalled Nehemiah, or perhaps his leave of absence had previously expired. But after a delay, perhaps of several years he was permitted to return to Jerusalem land to crown his work by repairing the temple and dedicating the walls. During his government Nehemiah firmly repressed the exactions of the nobles and the usury of the rich, and rescued the poor Jews from spoliation and slavery. He refused to receive his lawful allowance as governor from the people, in consideration of their poverty, during the whole twelve years that he was in office but kept at his own charge a table for 150 Jews, at which any who returned from captivity were welcome. He made most careful provision for the maintenance of the ministering priests and Levites and for the due and constant celebration of divine worship. He insisted upon the sanctity of the precincts of the temple being preserved inviolable, and peremptorily ejected the powerful Tobiah from one of the chambers which Eliashib had assigned to him. With no less firmness and impartiality he expelled from all sacred functions those of the high priests family who had contracted heathen marriages, and rebuked and punished those of the common people who had likewise intermarried with foreigners; and lastly, he provided for keeping holy the Sabbath day, which was shamefully profaned by many both Jews and foreign merchants, and by his resolute conduct succeeded in repressing the lawless traffic on the day of rest. Beyond the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes, to which Nehemiahs own narrative leads us, we have no account of him whatever. One of the leaders of the first expedition from Babylon to Jerusalem under Zerabbabel. ( Ezra 2:2 ; Nehemiah 7:7 ) Son of Azbuk and ruler of the half part of Beth-zur, who helped to repair the wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 3:18 )
尼拜 NEBAI
代表
尼10:19
ISBE
ne-bi, ne-ba-i, neb-a-i (nebhay).
See NOBAI.
HDBN
budding; speaking; prophesying
SBD
(fruitful ), a family of the heads of the people who signed the covenant with Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 10:19 )
尼拜約 NEBAJOTH
代表
創25:13 創28:9
尼探雅 NETHANIAH
代表
代上25:2 王下25:23 王下25:24 王下25:25 耶40:7 耶40:8 耶40:9 耶40:10 耶40:11 耶40:12 耶40:13 耶40:14 耶40:15 耶40:16 代上25:2 代上25:3 代上25:4 代上25:5 代上25:6 代上25:7 代上25:8 代上25:9 代上25:10 代上25:11 代上25:12 代下17:8 耶36:14
ISBE
neth-a-ni-a (nethanyahu, "Yah has given"; Nathanias):
(1) An Asaphite musician (1 Ch 25:2,12).
(2) A Levite who accompanied the princes sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah (2 Ch 17:8).
(3) The father of Jehudi (Jer 36:14).
(4) The father of Ishmael, the murderer of Gedaliah (Jer 40:8,14,15; 41, 11 t; 2 Ki 25:23,25). Some manuscripts of Septuagint read here Maththanias.
Easton
given of Jehovah. (1.) One of Asaph's sons, appointed by David to minister in the temple (1 Chr. 25:2, 12). (2.) A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law (2 Chr. 17:8). (3.) Jer. 36:14. (4.) 2 Kings 25:23, 25.
HDBN
the gift of the Lord
SBD
(given of Jehovah ). The son of Elishama, and father of Ishmael who murdered Gedaliah. ( 2 Kings 25:23 2 Kings 25:25 ) He was of the royal family of Judah. (B.C. 620.) One of the four sons of Asaph the minstrel. ( 1 Chronicles 25:12 ) (B.C. 1015.) A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat. ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ) (B.C. 912.) The father of Jehudi. ( Jeremiah 36:14 ) (B.C. 638.)
尼斐 NEPHEG
代表
出6:2 出6:21 撒下5:15 代上3:7 代上14:6
ISBE
ne-feg (nephegh, "sprout," "shoot"):
(1) Son of Izhar, and brother of Korah of the famous trio, Korah, Dathan and Abiram (Ex 6:21).
(2) A son of David (2 Sam 5:15; 1 Ch 3:7; 14:6).
HDBN
weak; slacked
SBD
(sprout ). One of the sons of Izhar the son of Kohath. ( Esther 6:21 ) One of Davids sons born to him in Jerusalem. ( 2 Samuel 5:15 ; 1 Chronicles 3:7 ; 14:6 )
尼普心 NEPHUSIM
代表
拉2:50 尼7:52
HDBN
same as Nephishesim
SBD
(expansions ), the same as Nephishesim, of which name according to Gesenius it is the proper form. ( Ezra 2:50 )
尼母利 NEMUEL
代表
民26:9 民26:12 創46:10 出6:15
ISBE
nem-u-el, ne-mu-el (nemuel):ould not show their families nor their stock" (1 Esdras 5:37) = "Nekoda" of Ezr 2:60; Neh 7:62.
(1) A Reubenite, brother of Dathan and Abiram (Nu 26:9).
(2) A son of Simeon (Nu 26:12; 1 Ch 4:24). The name occurs also in the form "Jemuel" (Gen 46:10; Ex 6:15). According to Gray (Studies in Hebrew Proper Names), either form is etymologically obscure; but Nemuel is probably correct, for it is easier to account for its corruption into Jemuel than vice versa. The patronymic Nemuelites occurs once (Nu 26:12).
Easton
day of God. (1.) One of Simeon's five sons (1 Chr. 4:24), called also Jemuel (Gen. 46:10). (2.) A Reubenite, a son of Eliab, and brother of Dathan and Abiram (Num. 26:9).
HDBN
the sleeping of God
SBD
(day of God ). A Reubenite, son of Eliab and eldest brother of Dathan and Abiram. ( Numbers 26:9 ) The eldest son of Simeon, ( Numbers 26:12 ; 1 Chronicles 4:24 ) from whom were descended the family of the Nemuelites. In ( Genesis 46:10 ) he is called JERIUEL.
尼珥 NER
代表
撒上14:51 撒上14:50 撒下2:8 王上2:5 代上8:33 代上9:39
ISBE
ner (ner, "lamp"): Father of Abner (1 Sam 14:50 f; 26:5,14, etc.); grandfather of Saul (1 Ch 8:33). Other references, though adding no further information are 2 Sam 2:8,12; 3:23,25; 28:37; 1 Ki 2:5,32, etc.
Easton
light, the father of Kish (1 Chr. 8:33). 1 Sam. 14:51 should be read, "Kish, the father of Saul, and Ner, the father of Abner, were the sons of Abiel." And hence this Kish and Ner were brothers, and Saul and Abner were first cousins (comp. 1 Chr. 9:36).
HDBN
a lamp; new-tilled land
SBD
(a light or lamp ), son of Jehiel, according to ( 1 Chronicles 8:33 ) father of Abner, and grandfather of King Saul. (B.C. 1140.) Abner was, therefore, uncle to Saul, as is expressly stated in ( 1 Samuel 14:50 )
尼甲沙利薛 NERGAL-SHAREZER
代表
耶39:3 耶39:13 耶39:14
ISBE
nur-gal-sha-re-zar (nereghal-sharetser, Hebrew form of Assyrian Nergal-sar-usur, "O Nergal, defend the prince"): A Babylonian officer, the "Rab-mag," associated with Nebushazban in the care of Jeremiah after the fall of Jerusalem (Jer 39:3,13). According to Hommel (article "Babylon," Hastings, Dictionary of the Bible (five volumes)) and Sayce (Hastings Dictionary of the Bible, under the word), Nergal-sharezer is to be identified with Neriglissar who succeeded Evil-merodach on the throne of Babylon (compare Cheyne and Johns, Encyclopedia Biblica, under the word).
Easton
Nergal, protect the king! (1.) One of the "princes of the king of Babylon who accompanied him in his last expedition against Jerusalem" (Jer. 39:3, 13). (2.) Another of the "princes," who bore the title of "Rabmag." He was one of those who were sent to release Jeremiah from prison (Jer. 39:13) by "the captain of the guard." He was a Babylonian grandee of high rank. From profane history and the inscriptions, we are led to conclude that he was the Neriglissar who murdered Evil-merodach, the son of Nebuchadnezzar, and succeeded him on the throne of Babylon (B.C. 559-556). He was married to a daughter of Nebuchadnezzar. The ruins of a palace, the only one on the right bank of the Euphrates, bear inscriptions denoting that it was built by this king. He was succeeded by his son, a mere boy, who was murdered after a reign of some nine months by a conspiracy of the nobles, one of whom, Nabonadius, ascended the vacant throne, and reigned for a period of seventeen years (B.C. 555-538), at the close of which period Babylon was taken by Cyrus. Belshazzar, who comes into notice in connection with the taking of Babylon, was by some supposed to have been the same as Nabonadius, who was called Nebuchadnezzar's son (Dan. 5:11, 18, 22), because he had married his daughter. But it is known from the inscriptions that Nabonadius had a son called Belshazzar, who may have been his father's associate on the throne at the time of the fall of Babylon, and who therefore would be the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar. The Jews had only one word, usually rendered "father," to represent also such a relationship as that of "grandfather" or "great-grandfather."
HDBN
treasurer of Nergal
SBD
(prince of fire ) occurs only in ( Jeremiah 39:3 ) and Jere 39:13 There appear to have been two persons in the name among the "princes of the king of Babylon" who accompanied Nebuchadnezzar on his last expedition against Jerusalem. One of these is not marked by any additional title; but the other has the honorable distinction of Rab-mag, probably meaning chief of the Magi [see RAB-MAG], and it is to him alone that any particular interest attaches. In sacred Scripture he appears among the persons who, by command of Nebuchadnezzar, released Jeremiah from prison. Profane history gives us reason to believe that he was a personage of great importance, who not long afterward mounted the Babylonian throne. He is the same as the monarch called Neriglissar or Neriglissor, who murdered Evil-merodach, the son of Nebuchadnezzar and succeeded him upon the throne. His reign lasted from B.C. 559, to B.C. 556.
尼細亞 NEZIAH
代表
拉2:54 尼7:56
ISBE
ne-zi-a (netsiach): The head of a family of Nethinim (Ezr 2:54; Neh 7:56), called in 1 Esdras 5:32, "Nasi" (the King James Version and the Revised Version margin "Nasith").
Easton
victory; pure, Ezra 2:54; Neh. 7:56.
HDBN
conqueror; strong
SBD
(pre-eminent ). The descendants of Neziah were among the Nethinim who returned with Zerubbabel, ( Ezra 2:54 ; Nehemiah 7:56 ) (B.C.536.)
尼結 NIGER
代表
徒13:1
ISBE
ni-jer (Niger).
See SIMEON, (5).
Easton
black, a surname of Simeon (Acts 13:1). He was probably so called from his dark complexion.
HDBN
black
SBD
(black ) is the additional or distinctive name given to the Simeon who was one of the teachers and prophets in the church at Antioch. ( Acts 13:1 )
尼護施他 NEHUSHTA
代表
王下24:8 王下24:9 王下24:10 王下24:11 王下24:12 耶29:2
ISBE
ne-hush-ta (nechushta): Mother of King Jehoiachin (2 Ki 24:8). She was the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. After the fall of the city she was exiled with her son and his court (2 Ki 24:12; Jer 29:2).
Easton
copper, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem, and the wife of Jehoiakin (2 Kings 24:8), king of Judah.
HDBN
made of brass
SBD
(brass ), the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem, wife of Jehoiakim and mother of Jehoiachin, kings of Judah. ( 2 Kings 24:8 ) (B.C. 616.)


ISBE - 國際標準聖經百科全書 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
Easton - Easton's Bible Dictionary
HBND - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary