首頁加入會員會員登入點數說明網站地圖聯絡我們奉獻支持 (尚未登入) 主題聖經 6月2日 星期二
更多>>
 

服務列表
靈修
資訊
社群
知識
分享
遊戲
台灣聖經網
靈糧中心 線上奉獻
代禱信 登廣告


每日一詞 主題辭典 聖經人名 聖經地名 聖經英文

搜尋方式: 本搜尋引擎限搜尋一個字,採模糊比對。

目前本系統共收錄了 1,856 個聖經相關人名
以及 HDBN 包含了 2,616 個姓名的意義解釋。


中文名字 英文名字 查詢經文 代表經文 Nave's Topical Bible ISBE Easton HBND SDB
亞撒利 AZARAEL
代表
尼12:36
ISBE
a-za-ra-el.
See AZAREL.
亞撒利雅 AZARIAH
代表
代下26:1 代上2:8 代上2:38 代上6:9 王上4:2 代上6:10 代上6:36 王上4:5 代下15:1 代下15:2 代下15:3 代下15:4 代下15:5 代下15:6 代下15:7 代下15:8 代下21:2 王下15:1 代下22:6 代下23:1 代下28:12 代下29:12 代下26:16 代下26:17 代下26:18 代下26:19 代下26:20 代上6:13 代上6:14 耶43:2 但1:7 尼3:23 尼8:7 尼10:2 尼12:33
ISBE
az-a-ri-a `azaryahu and `azaryah, "Yahweh has helped"):
(1) King of Judah.
See UZZIAH.
(2) A Judahite of the house of Ethan the Wise (1 Ch 2:8).
(3) The son of Jehu, descended from an Egyptian through the daughter of Sheshan (1 Ch 2:38).
(4) A son of Ahimaaz and grandson of Zadok (1 Ch 6:9).
(5) A son of Zadok the high priest and an official of Solomon (1 Ki 4:2).
(6) A high priest and son of Johanan (1 Ch 6:10).
(7) A Levite, ancestor of Samuel, and Heman the singer (1 Ch 6:36).
(8) A son of Nathan and captain of Solomons tax collectors (1 Ki 4:5).
(9) A prophet in the reign of King Asa; his fathers name was Oded (2 Ch 15:1-8).
(10 and 11) Two sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (2 Ch 21:2).
(12) King of Judah (2 Ch 22:6, called Ahaziah in 22:1).
(13) A son of Jeroham, who helped to overthrow Athaliah, and place Joash on the throne (2 Ch 23:1).
(14) A son of Johanan and a leading man of Ephraim, mentioned in connection with the emancipated captives taken by Pekah (2 Ch 28:12).
(15) A Levite of the family of Merari, who took part in cleansing the temple in the days of Hezekiah (2 Ch 29:12).
(16) A high priest who rebuked King Uzziah for arrogating to himself priestly functions (2 Ch 26:16-20).
(17) The father of Seraiah and son of Hilkiah (1 Ch 6:13 f).
(18) A son of Hoshaiah, and a bitter enemy of Jeremiah (Jer 43:2 ff).
(19) One of the royal captives taken to Babylon, whose name was changed to Abed-nego (Dan 1:7).
(20) The son of Maaseiah, who helped repair the walls of Jerusalem (Neh 3:23 f).
(21) A Levite who assisted Ezra to expound the Law (Neh 8:7).
(22) A priest who sealed the covenant (Neh 10:2).
(23) A prince of Judah mentioned in connection with the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem (Neh 12:32 f).
W. W. Davies
Easton
whom Jehovah helps. (1.) Son of Ethan, of the tribe of Judah (1 Chr. 2:8). (2.) Son of Ahimaaz, who succeeded his grandfather Zadok as high priest (1 Chr. 6:9; 1 Kings 4:2) in the days of Solomon. He officiated at the consecration of the temple (1 Chr. 6:10). (3.) The son of Johanan, high priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa (2 Chr. 6:10, 11). (4.) High priest in the reign of Uzziah, king of Judah (2 Kings 14:21; 2 Chr. 26:17-20). He was contemporary with the prophets Isaiah, Amos, and Joel. (5.) High priest in the days of Hezekiah (2 Chr. 31:10-13). Of the house of Zadok. (6.) Several other priests and Levites of this name are mentioned (1 Chr. 6:36; Ezra 7:1; 1 Chr. 9:11; Neh. 3:23, etc.). (7.) The original name of Abed-nego (Dan. 1:6, 7, 11, 16). He was of the royal family of Judah, and with his other two companions remarkable for his personal beauty and his intelligence as well as piety. (8.) The son of Oded, a remarkable prophet in the days of Asa (2 Chr. 15:1). He stirred up the king and the people to a great national reformation.
HDBN
he that hears the Lord
SBD
(whom the Lord helps ) a common name in Hebrew, and especially in the families of the priests of the line of Eleazar, whose name has precisely the same meaning as Azariah. It is nearly identical, and is often confounded, with Ezra as well as with Zerahiah and Seraiah. The principal persons who bore this name were-- Son of Ahimaaz. ( 1 Chronicles 6:9 ) He appears from ( 1 Kings 4:2 ) to have succeeded Zadok, his grandfather, in the high priesthood, in the reign of Solomon, Ahimaaz having died before Zadok. (B.C. About 1000.) [AHIMAAZ] A chief officer of Solomons, the son of Nathan, perhaps Davids grandson. ( 1 Kings 4:5 ) Tenth king of Judah, more frequently called Uzziah. ( 2 Kings 14:21 ; 2 Kings 15:1 2 Kings 15:6 2 Kings 15:8 2 Kings 15:17 2 Kings 15:23 2 Kings 15:27 ; 1 Chronicles 8:12 ) Son of Ethan, of the sons of Zerah, where, perhaps, Zerahiah is the more probable reading. ( 1 Chronicles 2:8 ) Son of Jehu of the family of the Jerahmeelites, and descended from Jarha the Egyptian slave of Sheshan. ( 1 Chronicles 2:38 1 Chronicles 2:39 ) He was probably one of the captains of hundreds in the time of Athaliah mentioned in ( 2 Chronicles 23:1 ) (B.C. 886.) The son of Johanan. ( 1 Chronicles 6:10 ) He must have been high priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa. (B.C. 939.) Another Azariah is inserted between Hilkiah, in Josiahs reign, and Seraiah who was put to death by Nebuchadnezzar, in ( 1 Chronicles 6:13 1 Chronicles 6:14 ) Son of Zephaniah, a Kohathite, and ancestor of Samuel the prophet. ( 1 Chronicles 6:36 ) Apparently the same as Uzziah in ver. 24. Azariah; the son of Oded, ( 2 Chronicles 15:1 ) called simply Oded in ver. 8, was a remarkable prophet in the days of King Asa, and a contemporary of Azariah the son of Johanan the high priest, and of Hanani the seer. (B.C. 939.) Son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. ( 2 Chronicles 21:2 ) (B.C.910.) Another son of Jehoshaphat, and brother of the preceding. ( 2 Chronicles 21:2 ) In ( 2 Chronicles 22:6 ) Azariah is a clerical error for Ahaziah. Son of Jeroham, one of the captains of Judah in the time of Athaliah. ( 2 Chronicles 23:1 ) The high priest in the reign of Uzziah king of Judah. The most memorable event of his life is that which is recorded in ( 2 Chronicles 26:17-20 ) (B.C. 810.) Azariah was contemporary with Isaiah the prophet and with Amos and Joel. Son of Johanan, one of the captains of Ephraim in the reign of Ahaz. ( 2 Chronicles 28:12 ) A Kohathite, father of Joel, in the reign of Hezekiah. ( 2 Chronicles 29:12 ) (B.C. 726.) A Merarite, son of Jehalelel, in the time of Hezekiah. ( 2 Chronicles 29:12 ) The high priest in the days of Hezekiah. ( 2 Chronicles 31:10 2 Chronicles 31:13 ) He appears to have co operated zealously with the king in that thorough purification of the temple and restoration of the temple service, which was so conspicuous a feature in his reign. He succeeded Urijah, who was high priest in the reign of Ahaz. Son of Maaseiah who repaired part of the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 3:23 Nehemiah 3:24 ) (B.C. 446-410.) One of the leaders of the children of the province who went up from Babylon with Zerubbabel. ( Nehemiah 7:7 ) One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in instructing the people in the knowledge of the law. ( Nehemiah 8:7 ) One of the priests who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 10:2 ) and probably the same with the Azariah who assisted in the dedication of the city wall. ( Nehemiah 12:33 ) ( Jeremiah 13:2 ) (Jezaniah). The original name of Abednego. ( Daniel 1:6 Daniel 1:7 Daniel 1:11 Daniel 1:19 ) He appears to have been of the seed-royal of Judah. (B.C. 603.)
亞撒細雅 AZAZIAH
代表
代下31:13 代上15:21 代上27:20
ISBE
az-a-zi-a `azazyahu, "Yahweh is strong," or "strengthens"):
(1) A Levite musician who participated in the services held on the return of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Ch 15:21). His name is omitted from the list in 1 Ch 15:18.
(2) Father of Hoshea, who was the leader of Ephraim at the time that David enumerated the people (1 Ch 27:20).
(3) A Levite who had charge of the offerings brought to the temple in the days of Hezekiah (2 Ch 31:13).
Easton
whom Jehovah strengthened. (1.) One of the Levitical harpers in the temple (1 Chr. 15:21). (2.) The father of Hoshea, who was made ruler over the Ephraimites (1 Chr. 27:20). (3.) One who had charge of the temple offerings (2 Chr. 31:13).
HDBN
strength of the Lord
SBD
(whom the Lord strengthens ) A Levite musician in the reign of David, appointed to play the harp in the service which attended the procession by which the ark was brought up from the house of Obed-edom. ( 1 Chronicles 15:21 ) (B.C. 1048.) The father of Hoshea, prince of the tribe of Ephraim when David numbered the people. ( 1 Chronicles 27:20 ) One of the Levites in the reign of Hezekiah, who had charge of the tithes, and dedicated things in the temple. ( 2 Chronicles 31:13 )
亞撒西雅 AZAZIAH
代表
代上15:21 代上27:20 代下31:13
ISBE
az-a-zi-a `azazyahu, "Yahweh is strong," or "strengthens"):
(1) A Levite musician who participated in the services held on the return of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Ch 15:21). His name is omitted from the list in 1 Ch 15:18.
(2) Father of Hoshea, who was the leader of Ephraim at the time that David enumerated the people (1 Ch 27:20).
(3) A Levite who had charge of the offerings brought to the temple in the days of Hezekiah (2 Ch 31:13).
Easton
whom Jehovah strengthened. (1.) One of the Levitical harpers in the temple (1 Chr. 15:21). (2.) The father of Hoshea, who was made ruler over the Ephraimites (1 Chr. 27:20). (3.) One who had charge of the temple offerings (2 Chr. 31:13).
HDBN
strength of the Lord
SBD
(whom the Lord strengthens ) A Levite musician in the reign of David, appointed to play the harp in the service which attended the procession by which the ark was brought up from the house of Obed-edom. ( 1 Chronicles 15:21 ) (B.C. 1048.) The father of Hoshea, prince of the tribe of Ephraim when David numbered the people. ( 1 Chronicles 27:20 ) One of the Levites in the reign of Hezekiah, who had charge of the tithes, and dedicated things in the temple. ( 2 Chronicles 31:13 )
亞撒雅 ASAIAH
代表
代上4:36 代上6:30 代上9:5
ISBE
a-sa-ya ([`asayah], "Yahweh has made," written Asahiah twice in the King James Version (2 Ki 22:12,14)):
(1) A Levite of the family of Merari, and one of those who helped bring the ark from the house of Obed-edom to Jerusalem (1 Ch 6:30; 15:6,11).
(2) A leading man of the tribe of Simeon. He was in the incursion which attacked and dispossessed the MEUNIM (which see), or the shepherd people, in the valley of Gedor (1 Ch 4:36).
(3) An officer of Josiah sent to Huldah the prophetess for advice regarding the law book found by Hilkiah (2 Ki 22:12,14; see ASAHIAH).
(4) A Shilonite resident of Jerusalem (1 Ch 9:5). He is called Maaseiah in Neh 11:5.
W. W. Davis
HDBN
the Lord hath wrought
SBD
(the Lord hath made ). A prince of one of the families of the Simeonites in the reign of Hezekiah. ( 1 Chronicles 4:36 ) (B.C. 910.) A Levite in the reign of David, chief of the family of Merari. ( 1 Chronicles 6:30 ) With 120 of his brethren he took part in bringing the ark from the house of Obed-edom to the city of David. ( 1 Chronicles 15:6 1 Chronicles 15:11 ) The first-born of "the Shilonite," from Shiloni, ( 1 Chronicles 9:5 ) who with his family dwelt in Jerusalem after the return from Babylon. (B.C. 536.) In ( Nehemiah 11:5 ) he is called MAASEIAH. ( 2 Chronicles 34:20 ) [ASAHIAH]
亞撒黑 ASAHEL
代表
撒下2:18 代上2:16 代上17:7 代上17:8 代上17:9 代下31:13 拉10:15
ISBE
as-a-hel (`asahel, "God hath made"; Asael):
(1) The brother of Joab and Abishai. The three were sons of Zeruiah, one of Davids sisters (1 Ch 2:15,16; 2 Sam 2:18, etc.). The three brothers seem to have been from the beginning members of Davids troop of strangely respectable brigands. Asahel was distinguished for his swift running, and this fact brought misfortune upon him and upon Israel. When Abner and the forces of Ish-bosheth were defeated near Gibeon, Asahel pursued Abner. Abner knew that he could outright Asahel, though he could not outrun him. He also knew that the time had come for making David king, and that a blood feud among the leaders would be a calamity. He expostulated with Asahel, but in vain. It came to a fight, and Abner slew Asahel (2 Sam 2:3). As a result the coming of David to the throne of all Israel was delayed; and when at last Abner brought it about, he himself was treacherously killed by Joab in alleged blood revenge for Asahel. Asahel is mentioned as sixth in the list of Davids "mighty men" (2 Sam 23:24; 1 Ch 11:26). The earlier of the names in this list are evidently arranged in the order of seniority. If it be assumed that the list was not made till after the death of Asahel, still there is no difficulty in the idea that some of the names in the list were placed there posthumously. Asahel is also mentioned as the fourth of Davids month-by-month captains (1 Ch 27:7). Superficial criticism describes this position as that of "commander of a division of Davids army," and regards the statement, "and Zebadiah his son after him," as a note added to explain the otherwise incredible assertion of the text. This criticism is correct in its implication that the fourth captain was, as the text stands, the dead Asahel, in the person of his son Zebadiah. Coming from an annotator, the criticism regards this meaning as intelligible; is it any the less so if we regard it as coming from the author? In fact, the statement is both intelligible and credible. The second of Davids month-by-month captains is Dodai, the father of the second of Davids "mighty men"; and the fourth is Asahel, with his son Zebadiah. With these two variations the twelve month-by-month captains are twelve out of the nineteen seniors in the list of mighty men, and are mentioned in practically the same order of seniority. The 24,000 men each month were not a fighting army mobilized for war. The position of general for a month, whatever else it may have involved, was an honor held by a distinguished veteran. There is no absurdity in the idea that the honor may in some cases have been posthumous, the deceased being represented by his father or his son or by someone else.
(2) A Levite member of the commission of captains and Levites and priests which Jehoshaphat, in his third year, sent among the cities of Judah, with the book of the law, to spread information among the people (2 Ch 17:7-9).
(3) One of the keepers of the storechambers in the temple in the time of Hezekiah (2 Ch 31:13).
(4) The father of Jonathan who was one of the two men who "stood upon this," at the time when Ezra and the people appointed a court to consider the cases of those who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:15). The text of the Revised Version (British and American) translates "stood up against this," while the margin has "were appointed over this."
Willis J. Beecher
Easton
made by God, the youngest son of Zeruiah, David's sister. He was celebrated for his swiftness of foot. When fighting against Ish-bosheth at Gibeon, in the army of his brother Joab, he was put to death by Abner, whom he pursued from the field of battle (2 Sam. 2:18, 19). He is mentioned among David's thirty mighty men (2 Sam. 23:24; 1 Chr. 11:26). Others of the same name are mentioned (2 Chr. 17:8; 31:13; Ezra 10:15).
HDBN
creature of God
SBD
(made by God ). Nephew of David, being the youngest son of his sister Zeruiah. He was celebrated for his swiftness of foot. When fighting under his brother Joab at Gibeon, he pursued Abner, who was obliged to kill him in self-defence. ( 2 Samuel 2:18 ) ff. [ABNER] (B.C. 1050.) One of the Levites in the reign of Jehoshaphat, who went throughout the cities of Judah to instruct the people in the knowledge of the law. ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ) (B.C. 910.) A Levite in the reign of Hezekiah, who had charge of the tithes and dedicated things in the temple. ( 2 Chronicles 31:13 ) (B.C. 927.) A priest, father of Jonathan, in the time of Ezra. ( Ezra 10:15 ) He is called AZAEL in 1Esd 9:14. (B.C. before 459.)
亞散尼 AZANIAH
代表
尼10:9
ISBE
az-a-ni-a azanyah, "Yahweh has given ear"): A son of Jeshua, a Levite who signed the covenant (Neh 10:9).
HDBN
hearing the Lord; the Lords weapons
SBD
(whom the Lord hears ), the father or immediate ancestor of Jeshua the Levite, in the time of Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 10:9 )
亞斐亞 APHIAH
代表
撒上9:1
ISBE
a-fi-a (aphiach): A Benjaminate and an ancestor of King Saul (1 Sam 9:1).
HDBN
speaking
SBD
(refreshed ), one of the fore-fathers of King Saul. ( 1 Samuel 9:1 )
亞斯列 AZRIEI
代表
代上5:24 代上27:19 耶36:26
亞斯利干 AZRIKAM
代表
代上3:23
ISBE
az-ri-kam `azriqam, "my help has arisen":
(1) A descendant of King David through Zerubbabel (1 Ch 3:23).
(2) A prince of Judah in the time of Ahaz. He was slain by Zichri, an Ephraimite soldier (2 Ch 28:7).
(3) One of Azels sons, a Benjamite, descended from King Saul (1 Ch 8:38; 9:44).
(4) A Levite of the house of Merari and a resident of Jerusalem (1 Ch 9:14; Neh 11:15).
HDBN
help
SBD
(help against the enemy ). A descendant of Zerubbabel, and son of Neariah of the royal line of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 3:23 ) Eldest son of Azel, and descendant of Saul. ( 1 Chronicles 8:38 ; 9:44 ) (B.C after 1037.) A Levite, ancestor of Shemaiah, who lived in the time of Nehemiah. ( 1 Chronicles 9:14 ; Nehemiah 11:15 ) (B.C. before 536.) Governor of the house, or prefect of the palace, to King Ahaz, who was slain by Zichri, an Ephraimite hero, in the successful invasion of the southern kingdom by Pekah king of Israel. ( 2 Chronicles 28:7 ) (B.C. 738.)
亞斯帕他 ASPATHA
代表
斯9:7
ISBE
as-pa-tha (acpatha): One of the ten sons of Haman (Est 9:7) (Pers aspadata, "given by a sacred horse," according to Thesaurus, Add. 71, after Pott and Benfey).
SBD
third son of Haman. ( Esther 9:7 )
亞斯烈 ASRIEL
代表
書17:2 代上7:14
ISBE
as-ri-el (asri-el, "Vow of God"?): A man of Manasseh (Nu 26:31; Josh 17:2). The form Asrielites, i.e. family of Asriel, occurs in Nu 26:31. According to 1 Ch 7:14, Asriel was born to Manasseh by an Aramitess concubine. the King James Version has "Ashnel."
HDBN
help of God
SBD
the son of Gilead and great-grandson of Manasseh. ( Numbers 26:31 ; Joshua 17:2 ) He was the founder of the family of the Asrielites. (B.C. 1444.)
亞斯瑪威 AZMAVETH
代表
代上8:36 代上12:3
Easton
strong as death. (1.) One of David's thirty warriors (2 Sam. 23:31). (2.) An overseer over the royal treasury in the time of David and Solomon (1 Chr. 27:25). (3.) A town in the tribe of Judah, near Jerusalem (Neh. 12:29; Ezra 2:24). (4.) 1 Chr. 8:36
HDBN
strong death; a he-goat
SBD
(strong unto death ). One of Davids mighty men, a native of Bahurim, ( 2 Samuel 23:31 ; 1 Chronicles 11:33 ) and therefore probably a Benjamite. (B.C. 1060). A descendant of Mephibosheth, or Merib-baal. ( 1 Chronicles 8:36 ; 9:42 ) The father of Jeziel and Pelet, two of the skilled Benjamite slingers and archers who joined David at Ziklag ( 1 Chronicles 10:3 ) perhaps identical with No. 1. Overseer of the royal treasures in the reign of David. ( 1 Chronicles 27:25 )
亞斯瑪弗 AZMAVETH
代表
拉2:24
Easton
strong as death. (1.) One of David's thirty warriors (2 Sam. 23:31). (2.) An overseer over the royal treasury in the time of David and Solomon (1 Chr. 27:25). (3.) A town in the tribe of Judah, near Jerusalem (Neh. 12:29; Ezra 2:24). (4.) 1 Chr. 8:36
HDBN
strong death; a he-goat
SBD
(strong unto death ). One of Davids mighty men, a native of Bahurim, ( 2 Samuel 23:31 ; 1 Chronicles 11:33 ) and therefore probably a Benjamite. (B.C. 1060). A descendant of Mephibosheth, or Merib-baal. ( 1 Chronicles 8:36 ; 9:42 ) The father of Jeziel and Pelet, two of the skilled Benjamite slingers and archers who joined David at Ziklag ( 1 Chronicles 10:3 ) perhaps identical with No. 1. Overseer of the royal treasures in the reign of David. ( 1 Chronicles 27:25 )
亞斯那巴 ASNAPPER
代表
拉4:10
ISBE
as-nap-er.
See OSNAPPAR.
Easton
probably the same as Assur-bani-pal (Sardanapalos of the Greeks), styled the "great and noble" (Ezra 4:10), was the son and successor (B.C. 668) of Esar-haddon (q.v.). He was "luxurious, ambitious, and cruel, but a magnificent patron of literature." He formed at Nineveh a library of clay tablets, numbering about 10,000. These are now mostly in the British Museum. They throw much light on the history and antiquities of Assyria. Assur-bani-pal was a munificent patron of literature, and the conqueror of Elam. Towards the middle of his reign his empire was shaken by a great rebellion headed by his brother in Babylon. The rebellion was finally put down, but Egypt was lost, and the military power of Assyria was so exhausted that it could with difficulty resist the hordes of Kimmerians who poured over Western Asia. (See NINEVEH
HDBN
unhappiness; increase of danger
SBD
(swift ), mentioned in ( Ezra 4:10 ) as the person who settled the Cutheans in the cities of Samaria. He was probably a general of Esarhaddon. (B.C. 712.)
亞施戶 ASHUR
代表
代上4:5 代上4:6
ISBE
ash-ur.
See ASHHUR.
HDBN
who is happy; or walks; or looks
SBD
(black ), the posthumous son of Hezron by his wife Abiah. ( 1 Chronicles 2:24 ; 4:5 ) He became "father" or founder of the town of Tekoa. (B.C. 1658.)
亞施毗拿 ASHPENAZ
代表
但1:3
ISBE
ash-pe-naz (ashpenaz): The master of the eunuchs of Nebuchadnezzar was an officer into whose hands the king entrusted those of the children of Israel, and of the princes, and of the seed of the king of Judah, whom he had carried captive to Babylon, that they might be taught the learning and tongue of the Chaldeans in order to serve in the kings palace. He is mentioned by name in Dan 1:3 only. It used to be supposed that the name was Persian; but it now seems more probable that it is Babylonian. We would suggest Ashipu-Anu-Izzu, "the Aship-priest of Ann is mighty," as a possible form of the original.
R. Dick Wilson
Easton
the master of the eunuchs of Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 1:3), the "Rabsaris" of the court. His position was similar to that of the Kislar-aga of the modern Turkish sultans.
SBD
(horse-nose ), the master of the eunuchs of Nebuchadnezzar. ( Daniel 1:3 )
亞施法 ASHVATH
代表
代上7:33
ISBE
ash-vath (`ashwath): A man of Asher, of the house of Japhlet (1 Ch 7:33).
SBD
One of the sons of Japhlet, of the tribe of Asher. ( 1 Chronicles 7:33 )
亞書利 ASSHURIM
代表
創25:3
ISBE
a-shoo-rim (ashshurim): Mentioned among the sons of Dedan, son of Jokshah, son of Abraham by Keturah (Gen 25:3).
HDBN
liers in want; beholders
亞木 ASHVATH
代表
代上7:33 尼12:7 尼12:20
ISBE
ash-vath (`ashwath): A man of Asher, of the house of Japhlet (1 Ch 7:33).
SBD
One of the sons of Japhlet, of the tribe of Asher. ( 1 Chronicles 7:33 )
亞比 ABIEL
代表
王下18:2 代下29:1 代上11:32 撒下23:31
ISBE
a-bi-el, ab-yel, a-bi-el (abhiel, "my father is God," or "God is father"):
(1) A descendant of Benjamin the son of Jacob. Father of Kish the father of King Saul, and also, apparently, the father of Ner the father of Sauls general, Abner (1 Sam 9:1; 14:51).
(2) One of Davids mighty men (1 Ch 11:32), called ABI-ALBON, which see, in 2 Sam 23:31.
Easton
father (i.e., "possessor") of God = "pious." (1.) The son of Zeror and father of Ner, who was the grandfather of Saul (1 Sam. 14:51; 1 Chr. 8:33; 9:39). In 1 Sam. 9:1, he is called the "father," probably meaning the grandfather, of Kish. (2.) An Arbathite, one of David's warriors (1 Chr. 11:32); called also Abi-albon (2 Sam. 23:31).
HDBN
God my father
亞比亞 ABIAH
代表
代上7:8 撒上8:2 代上6:28 代上24:10 王上14:1 王上14:18 代上3:10 代下11:20 代下14:1 王上14:31 尼10:7 代上2:24 代下29:1 王下18:2
HDBN
the Lord is my father
亞比亞他 ABIATHAR
代表
撒上22:20 撒下15:24 撒下15:29 撒下15:35 代上15:11
ISBE
a-bi-a-thar, ab-i-a-thar (ebhyathar, "father of super-excellence," or, "the super-excellent one is father." With changed phraseology these are the explanations commonly given, though "a father remains" would be more in accord with the ordinary use of the stem yathar. The pious Abiathar was still conscious that he had a Father, even after the butchery of his human relatives):
1. The Biblical Account:
The Scriptures represent that Abiathar was descended from Phinehas the son of Eli, and through him from Ithamar the son of Aaron; that he was the son of Ahimelech the head priest at Nob who, with his associates, was put to death by King Saul for alleged conspiracy with David; that he had two sons, Ahimelech and Jonathan, the former of whom was, in Abiathars lifetime, prominent in the priestly service (1 Sam 21:1-9; 22:7 ff; 2 Sam 8:17; 15:27 ff; 1 Ch 18:16; 24:3,6,31).
See AHIMELECH; AHITUB.
Abiathar escaped from the massacre of the priests at Nob, and fled to David, carrying the ephod with him. This was a great accession to Davids strength. Public feeling in Israel was outraged by the slaughter of the priests, and turned strongly against Saul. The heir of the priesthood, and in his care the holy ephod, were now with David, and the fact gave to his cause prestige, and a certain character of legitimacy. David also felt bitterly his having been the unwilling cause of the death of Abiathars relatives, and this made his heart warm toward his friend. Presumably, also, there was a deep religious sympathy between them.
Abiathar seems to have been at once recognized as Davids priest, the medium of consultation with Yahweh through the ephod (1 Sam 22:20-23; 23:6,9; 30:7,8). He was at the head of the priesthood, along with Zadok (1 Ch 15:11), when David, after his conquests (1 Ch 13:5; compare 2 Sam 6), brought the ark to Jerusalem. The two men are mentioned together as high priests eight times in the narrative of the rebellion of Absalom (2 Sam 15:24 ff), and are so mentioned in the last list of Davids heads of departments (2 Sam 20:25). Abiathar joined with Adonijah in his attempt to seize the throne (1 Ki 1:7-42), and was for this deposed from the priesthood, though he was treated with consideration on account of his early comradeship with David (1 Ki 2:26,27). Possibly he remained high priest emeritus, as Zadok and Abiathar still appear as priests in the lists of the heads of departments for Solomons reign (1 Ki 4:4). Particularly apt is the passage in Ps 55:12-14, if one regards it as referring to the relations of David and Abiathar in the time of Adonijah.
There are two additional facts which, in view of the close relations between David and Abiathar, must be regarded as significant. One is that Zadok, Abiathars junior, is uniformly mentioned first, in all the many passages in which the two are mentioned together, and is treated as the one who is especially responsible. Turn to the narrative, and see how marked this is. The other similarly significant fact is that in certain especially responsible matters (1 Ch 24; 18:16; 2 Sam 8:17) the interests of the line of Ithamar are represented, not by Abiathar, but by his son Ahimelech. There must have been something in the character of Abiathar to account for these facts, as well as for his deserting David for Adonijah. To sketch his character might be a work for the imagination rather than for critical inference; but it seems clear that though he was a man worthy of the friendship of David, he yet had weaknesses or misfortunes that partially incapacitated him.
The characteristic priestly function of Abiathar is thus expressed by Solomon: "Because thou barest the ark of the Lord Yahweh before David my father" (1 Ki 2:26). By its tense the verb denotes not a habitual act, but the function of ark-bearing, taken as a whole. Zadok and Abiathar, as high priests, had charge of the bringing of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Ch 15:11). We are not told whether it was again moved during the reign of David. Necessarily the priestly superintendence of the ark implies that of the sacrifices and services that were connected with the ark. The details in Kings indicate the existence of much of the ceremonial described in the Pentateuch, while numerous additional Pentateuchal details are mentioned in Ch.
A priestly function much emphasized is that of obtaining answers from God through the ephod (1 Sam 23:6,9; 30:7). The word ephod (see 1 Sam 2:18; 2 Sam 6:14) does not necessarily denote the priestly vestment with the Urim and Thummim (e.g. Lev 8:7,8), but if anyone denies that this was the ephod of the priest Abiathar, the burden of proof rests upon him. This is not the place for inquiring as to the method of obtaining divine revelations through the ephod.
Abiathars landed estate was at Anathoth in Benjamin (1 Ki 2:26), one of the cities assigned to the sons of Aaron (Josh 21:18).
Apart from the men who are expressly said to be descendants of Aaron, this part of the narrative mentions priests three times. Davids sons were priests (2 Sam 8:18). This is of a piece with Davids carrying the ark on a new cart (2 Sam 6), before he had been taught by the death of Uzza. "And also Ira the Jairite was priest to the king" (2 Sam 20:26 the English Revised Version). "And Zabud the son of Nathan was priest, friend of the king" (1 Ki 4:5 the English Revised Version). These instances seem to indicate that David and Solomon had each a private chaplain. As to the descent and function of these two "priests" we have not a word of information, and it is illegitimate to imagine details concerning them which bring them into conflict with the rest of the record.
2. Critical Opinions Concerning Abiathar:
No one will dispute that the account thus far given is that of the Bible record as it stands. Critics of certain schools, however, do not accept the facts as thus recorded. If a person is committed to the tradition that the Deuteronomic and the priestly ideas of the Pentateuch first originated some centuries later than Abiathar, and if he makes that tradition the standard by which to test his critical conclusions, he must of course regard the Biblical account of Abiathar as unhistorical. Either the record disproves the tradition or the tradition disproves the record. There is no third alternative. The men who accept the current critical theories understand this, and they have two ways of defending theories against the record. In some instances they use devices for discrediting the record; in other instances they resort to harmonizing hypotheses, changing the record so as to make it agree with theory. Without here discussing these matters, we must barely note some of their bearings in the case of Abiathar.
For example, to get rid of the testimony of Jesus (Mk 2:26) to the effect that Abiathar was high priest and that the sanctuary at Nob was "the house of God," it is affirmed that either Jesus or the evangelist is here mistaken. The proof alleged for this is that Abiathars service as priest did not begin till at least a few days later than the incident referred to. This is merely finical, though it is an argument that is sometimes used by some scholars.
Men affirm that the statements of the record as to the descent of the line of Eli from Ithamar are untrue; that on the contrary we must conjecture that Abiathar claimed descent from Eleazar, his line being the alleged senior line of that family; that the senior line became extinct at his death, Zadok being of a junior line, if indeed he inherited any of the blood of Aaron. In making such affirmations as these, men deny the Bible statements as resting on insufficient evidence, and substitute for them other statements which, confessedly, rest on no evidence at all.
All such procedure is incorrect. Many are suspicious of statements found in the Books of Chronicles; that gives them no right to use their suspicions as if they were perceptions of fact. Supposably one may think the record unsatisfactory, and may be within his rights in thinking so, but that does not authorize him to change the record except on the basis of evidence of some kind. If we treat the record of the times of Abiathar as fairness demands that a record be treated in a court of justice, or a scientific investigation, or a business proposition, or a medical case, we will accept the facts substantially as they are found in Samuel and Kings and Chronicles and Mk.
Willis J. Beecher
Easton
father of abundance, or my father excels, the son of Ahimelech the high priest. He was the tenth high priest, and the fourth in descent from Eli. When his father was slain with the priests of Nob, he escaped, and bearing with him the ephod, he joined David, who was then in the cave of Adullam (1 Sam. 22:20-23; 23:6). He remained with David, and became priest of the party of which he was the leader (1 Sam. 30:7). When David ascended the throne of Judah, Abiathar was appointed high priest (1 Chr. 15:11; 1 Kings 2:26) and the "king's companion" (1 Chr. 27:34). Meanwhile Zadok, of the house of Eleazar, had been made high priest. These appointments continued in force till the end of David's reign (1 Kings 4:4). Abiathar was deposed (the sole historical instance of the deposition of a high priest) and banished to his home at Anathoth by Solomon, because he took part in the attempt to raise Adonijah to the throne. The priesthood thus passed from the house of Ithamar (1 Sam. 2:30-36; 1 Kings 1:19; 2:26, 27). Zadok now became sole high priest. In Mark 2:26, reference is made to an occurrence in "the days of Abiathar the high priest." But from 1 Sam. 22, we learn explicitly that this event took place when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was high priest. The apparent discrepancy is satisfactorily explained by interpreting the words in Mark as referring to the life-time of Abiathar, and not to the term of his holding the office of high priest. It is not implied in Mark that he was actual high priest at the time referred to. Others, however, think that the loaves belonged to Abiathar, who was at that time (Lev. 24:9) a priest, and that he either himself gave them to David, or persuaded his father to give them.
HDBN
excellent father; father of the remnant
SBD
(father of abundance , i.e. liberal ), High priest and fourth in descent from Eli. (B.C. 1060-1012.) Abiathar was the only one of the all the sons of Ahimelech the high priest who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his fathers house by Saul, in revenge for his fathers house by Saul, in revenge of his having inquired of the Lord for David and given him the shew-bread to eat. ( 1 Samuel 22:1 ) ... Abiathar having become high priest fled to David, and was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him. ( 1 Samuel 23:9 ; 30:7 ; 2 Samuel 2:1 ; 5:19 ) etc. He adhered to David in his wanderings while pursued by Saul; he was with him while he reigned in Hebron, and afterwards in Jerusalem. ( 2 Samuel 2:1-3 ) He continued faithful to him in Absaloms rebellion. ( 2 Samuel 15;24,29,35,36 2 Samuel 24,29 2 Samuel 35,36 ; 17:15-17 ; 19:11 ) When, however, Adonijah set himself up fro Davids successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sided with him, while Zadok was on Solomons side. For this Abiathar was deprived of the high priesthood. Zadok had joined David at Hebron, ( 1 Chronicles 12:28 ) so that there was henceforth who high priests in the reign of David, and till the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok became the sole high priest.
亞比亞撒 ABIASAPH
代表
代上6:23 代上6:37
ISBE
a-bi-a-saf, ab-i-a-saf (abhi-acaph, "my father has gathered"): A descendant of Kohath the son of Levi (Ex 6:24; 1 Ch 6:23,37 (8,22); 9:19). In Chronicles the name is ebh-yacaph, which seems to be a mere variant spelling. The Samaritan version has the same form in Exodus. The list in Exodus terminates with Abiasaph, who is to be regarded as the contemporary of Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron. The two lists in 1 Ch 6 lead up to the prophet Samuel and the singing companies which David is said to have organized. The list in 1 Ch 9 leads up to the Korahite porters of the time of Nehemiah. Apparently all the lists intentionally omit names, just names enough being given in each to indicate the line.
Willis J. Beecher
Easton
father of gathering; the gatherer, the youngest of the three sons of Korah the Levite, head of a family of Korhites (Ex. 6:24); called Ebisaph (1 Chr. 6:37).
HDBN
consuming father; gathering
SBD
(father of gathering, i.e. gathered ), ( Exodus 6:24 ) otherwise written Ebi/asaph. ( 1 Chronicles 6:23 1 Chronicles 6:37 ; 9:19 ) one of the descendants of Korah, and head of the Korhites. Among the remarkable descendants of Abiasaph were Samuel the prophet, ( 1 Samuel 1:11 ) and Heman the singer.
亞比亞本 ABIALBON
代表
撒下23:31 代上11:32


ISBE - 國際標準聖經百科全書 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
Easton - Easton's Bible Dictionary
HBND - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary