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每日一詞 主題辭典 聖經人名 聖經地名 聖經英文

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目前本系統共收錄了 1,856 個聖經相關人名
以及 HDBN 包含了 2,616 個姓名的意義解釋。


中文名字 英文名字 查詢經文 代表經文 Nave's Topical Bible ISBE Easton HBND SDB
希蘭 hiram
代表
撒下5:11 王上5:1 王上5:2 王上5:3 王上5:4 王上5:5 王上5:6 王上5:7 王上5:8 王上5:9 王上5:10 王上5:11 王上5:12 王上5:13 王上5:14 王上5:15 王上5:16 王上5:17 王上5:18 代下2:13 代下2:14 王上7:13 王上7:45
ISBE
hi-ram (chiram; Septuagint Chiram, but Cheiram, in 2 Sam 5:11; 1 Ch 14:1): There is some confusion regarding the form of this name. In the books of Samuel and Kings the prevailing form is "Hiram" (chiram); but in 1 Ki 5:10,18 margin (Hebrew 24,32); 7:40 margin "Hirom" (chirom) is found. In Chronicles the form of the word is uniformly "Huram" (churam).
(1) A king of Tyre who lived on most friendly terms with both David and Solomon. After David had taken the stronghold of Zion, Hiram sent messengers and workmen and materials to build a palace for him at Jerusalem (2 Sam 5:11; 1 Ch 14:1). Solomon, on his accession to the throne, made a league with Hiram, in consequence of which Hiram furnished the new king of Israel with skilled workmen and with cedar trees and fir trees and algum trees from Lebanon for the building of the Temple. In return Solomon gave annually to Hiram large quantities of wheat and oil (1 Ki 5:1 (Hebrew 15) ff; 2 Ch 2:3 (Hebrew 2) ff). "At the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the two houses, the house of Yahweh and the kings house," Solomon made a present to Hiram of twenty cities in the land of Galilee. Hiram was not at all pleased with these cities and contemptuously called them "Cabul." His displeasure, however, with this gift does not seem to have disturbed the amicable relations that had hitherto existed between the two kings, for subsequently Hiram sent to the king of Israel 120 talents of gold (1 Ki 9:10-14). Hiram and Solomon maintained merchant vessels on the Mediterranean and shared mutually in a profitable trade with foreign ports (1 Ki 10:22). Hirams servants, "shipmen that had knowledge of the sea," taught the sailors of Solomon the route from Ezion-geber and Eloth to Ophir, whence large stores of gold were brought to King Solomon (1 Ki 9:26; 2 Ch 8:17 f).
Josephus (Apion, I, 17, 18) informs us, on the authority of the historians Dius and Menander, that Hiram was the son of Abibal, that he had a prosperous reign of 34 years, and died at the age of 53. He tells us on the same authority that Hiram and Solomon sent problems to each other to solve; that Hiram could not solve those sent him by Solomon, whereupon he paid to Solomon a large sum of money, as had at first been agreed upon. Finally, Abdemon, a man of Tyre, did solve the problems, and proposed others which Solomon was unable to explain; consequently Solomon was obliged to pay back to Hiram a vast sum of money. Josephus further states (Ant., VIII, ii, 8) that the correspondence carried on between Solomon and Hiram in regard to the building of the Temple was preserved, not only in the records of the Jews, but also in the public records of Tyre. It is also related by Phoenician historians that Hiram gave his daughter to Solomon in marriage.
(2) The name of a skillful worker in brass and other substances, whom Solomon secured from Hiram king of Tyre to do work on the Temple. His father was a brass-worker of Tyre, and his mother was a woman of the tribe of Naphtali (1 Ki 7:14), "a woman of the daughters of Dan" (2 Ch 2:14 (Hebrew 13); 1 Ki 7:13 ff; 2 Ch 2:13 f (Hebrew 12,13)).
Jesse L. Cotton
Easton
high-born. (1.) Generally "Huram," one of the sons of Bela (1 Chr. 8:5). (2.) Also "Huram" and "Horam," king of Tyre. He entered into an alliance with David, and assisted him in building his palace by sending him able workmen, and also cedar-trees and fir-trees from Lebanon (2 Sam. 5:11; 1 Chr. 14:1). After the death of David he entered into a similar alliance with Solomon, and assisted him greatly in building the temple (1 Kings 5:1; 9:11; 2 Chr. 2:3). He also took part in Solomon's traffic to the Eastern Seas (1 Kings 9:27; 10:11; 2 Chr. 8:18; 9:10). (3.) The "master workman" whom Hiram sent to Solomon. He was the son of a widow of Dan, and of a Tyrian father. In 2 Chr. 2:13 "Huram my father" should be Huram Abi, the word "Abi" (rendered here "my father") being regarded as a proper name, or it may perhaps be a title of distinction given to Huram, and equivalent to "master." (Comp. 1 Kings 7:14; 2 Chr. 4:16.) He cast the magnificent brazen works for Solomon's temple in clay-beds in the valley of Jordan, between Succoth and Zarthan.
HDBN
exaltation of life; a destroyer
SBD
or Huram (noble ). The king of Tyre who sent workmen and materials to Jerusalem, first, ( 2 Samuel 5:11 ; 1 Chronicles 14:1 ) to build a palace for David (B.C. 1064), whom he ever loved, ( 1 Kings 5:1 ) and again, 1Kin 5:10; 7:13; 2Chr 2:16 to build the temple for Solomon, with whom he had a treaty of peace and commerce ( 1 Kings 5:11 1 Kings 5:12 ) He admitted Solomons ships issuing from Joppa, to a share in the profitable trade of the Mediterranean, ( 1 Kings 10:22 ) and the Jewish sailors, under the guidance of Tyrians, were taught to bring the gold of India, ( 1 Kings 9:26 ) to Solomons two harbors on the Red Sea. Hiram was the name of a man of mixed race, ( 1 Kings 7:13 1 Kings 7:40 ) the principal architect and engineer sent by King Hiram to Solomon.
希西基 hizki
代表
代上8:17 代上8:18
ISBE
hiz-ki (chizqi; Septuagint Azaki; the King James Version Hezeki): A son of Elpaal, a descendant of Benjamin (1 Ch 8:17).
希西家 hezekiah
代表
王下18:3 王下18:5 代下29 代下30 代下31 代下32 代上3:23 番1:11 拉2:16
Easton
whom Jehovah has strengthened. (1.) Son of Ahaz (2 Kings 18:1; 2 Chr. 29:1), whom he succeeded on the throne of the kingdom of Judah. He reigned twenty-nine years (B.C. 726-697). The history of this king is contained in 2 Kings 18:20, Isa. 36-39, and 2 Chr. 29-32. He is spoken of as a great and good king. In public life he followed the example of his great-granfather Uzziah. He set himself to abolish idolatry from his kingdom, and among other things which he did for this end, he destroyed the "brazen serpent," which had been removed to Jerusalem, and had become an object of idolatrous worship (Num. 21:9). A great reformation was wrought in the kingdom of Judah in his day (2 Kings 18:4; 2 Chr. 29:3-36). On the death of Sargon and the accession of his son Sennacherib to the throne of Assyria, Hezekiah refused to pay the tribute which his father had paid, and "rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not," but entered into a league with Egypt (Isa. 30; 31; 36:6-9). This led to the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:13-16), who took forty cities, and besieged Jerusalem with mounds. Hezekiah yielded to the demands of the Assyrian king, and agreed to pay him three hundred talents of silver and thirty of gold (18:14). But Sennacherib dealt treacherously with Hezekiah (Isa. 33:1), and a second time within two years invaded his kingdom (2 Kings 18:17; 2 Chr. 32:9; Isa. 36). This invasion issued in the destruction of Sennacherib's army. Hezekiah prayed to God, and "that night the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians 185,000 men." Sennacherib fled with the shattered remnant of his forces to Nineveh, where, seventeen years after, he was assassinated by his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer (2 Kings 19:37). (See SENNACHERIB
HDBN
strength of the Lord
SBD
(the might of Jehovah ). Twelfth king of Judah, son of the apostate Ahaz and Abi or Abijah, ascended the throne at the age of 25, B.C. 726. Hezekiah was one of the three most perfect kings of Judah. ( 2 Kings 18:5 ) Ecclus. 49:4. His first act was to purge and repair and reopen with splendid sacrifices and perfect ceremonial the temple. He also destroyed a brazen serpent, said to have been the one used by Moses in the miraculous healing of the Israelites, ( Numbers 21:9 ) which had become an object of adoration. When the kingdom of Israel had fallen, Hezekiah invited the scattered inhabitants to a peculiar passover, which was continued for the unprecedented period of fourteen days. ( 2 Chronicles 29:30 2 Chronicles 29:31 ) At the head of a repentant and united people, Hezekiah ventured to assume the aggressive against the Philistines and in a series of victories not only rewon the cities which his father had lost, ( 2 Chronicles 28:18 ) but even dispossessed them of their own cities except Gaza, ( 2 Kings 18:8 ) and Gath. He refused to acknowledge the supremacy of Assyria. ( 2 Kings 18:7 ) Instant war was imminent and Hezekiah used every available means to strengthen himself. ( 2 Kings 20:20 ) It was probably at this dangerous crisis in his kingdom that we find him sick and sending for Isaiah, who prophesies death as the result. ( 2 Kings 20:1 ) Hezekiahs prayer for longer life is heard. The prophet had hardly left the palace when he was ordered to return and promise the king immediate recovery and fifteen years more of life. ( 2 Kings 20:4 ) An embassy coming from Babylon ostensibly to compliment Hezekiah on his convalescence, but really to form an alliance between the two powers, is favorably received by the king, who shows them the treasures which he had accumulated. For this Isaiah foretells the punishment that shall befall his house. ( 2 Kings 20:17 ) The two invasions of Sennacherib occupy the greater part of the scripture records concerning the reign of Hezekiah. The first of these took place in the third year of Sennacherib, B.C. 702, and occupies only three verses. ( 2 Kings 18:13-16 ) Respecting the commencement of the second invasion we have full details in ( 2 Kings 18:17 ) seq.; 2Chr 32:9 seq.; Isai 36:1 ... Sennacherib sent against Jerusalem an army under two officers and his cupbearer, the orator Rabshakeh, with a blasphemous and insulting summons to surrender; but Isaiah assures the king he need not fear, promising to disperse the enemy. ( 2 Kings 19:6 2 Kings 19:7 ) Accordingly that night "the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred fourscore and five thousand." Hezekiah only lived to enjoy for about one year more his well-earned peace and glory. He slept with his fathers after a reign of twenty-nine years, in the 56th year of his age, B.C. 697. Son of Neariah, one of the descendants of the royal family of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 3:23 ) The same name, though rendered in the Authorized Version HIZKIAH, is found in ( Zephaniah 1:1 ) Ater of Hezekiah. [ATER]
希西家 hizkijah
代表
尼10:17
Easton
(Neh. 10:17), one who sealed the covenant.
HDBN
the strength of the Lord
希該 hegai
代表
斯2:3 斯2:8 斯2:15
Easton
eunuch, had charge of the harem of Ahasuerus (Esther 2:8).
HDBN
or Hege
SBD
(eunuch ), one of the eunuchs of the court of Ahasuerus. ( Esther 2:8 Esther 2:15 ) (B.C. 474.)
希連 helem
代表
代上7:35 亞6:10 亞6:14
ISBE
he-lem:
(1) helem; Septuagint Codex Vaticanus, Balaam, omitting "son," Codex Alexandrinus, huios Elam, "son of Elam" (1 Ch 7:35). A great-grandson of Asher, called Hotham in 1 Ch 7:32. The form "Elam" appears as the name of a Levite in 1 Esdras 8:33.
(2) chelem, "strength," regarded by Septuagint as a common noun (Zec 6:14). One of the ambassadors from the Jews of the exile to Jerusalem; probably the person called Heldai in Zec 6:10 is meant.
Easton
a stroke, great-grandson of Asher (1 Chr. 7:35).
HDBN
dreaming; healing
SBD
(strength ). A descendant of Asher. ( 1 Chronicles 7:35 ) A man mentioned only in ( Zechariah 6:14 ) Apparently the same as Heldai.
希里 heli
代表
路3:23 太1:15 路3:23 路3:24
ISBE
he-li (Helei for `eli):
(1) The father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, in Lukes account of the genealogy of Jesus (Lk 3:23).
(2) An ancestor of Ezra (2 Esdras 1:2).
Easton
elevation, father of Joseph in the line of our Lord's ancestry (Luke 3:23).
HDBN
ascending; climbing up
SBD
(ascending ), the father of Joseph the husband of the Virgin Mary, ( Luke 13:23 ) perhaps the grandfather of Mary herself. [See GENEALOGY OF JESUS CHRIST]
帕勒提 PALTITE
代表
代上11:27 代上27:10
ISBE
pal-tit (palTi (as Palti); The Septuagint has: Codex Vaticanus Kelothei; Codex Alexandrinus Phellonei): The description occurs but once in this form and is then applied to Helez, one of Davids 30 valiant men (2 Sam 23:26). Helez name, however, occurs in 1 Ch 11:27 and 27:10 as the "Pelonite." Doubtless there is some confusion of words. The word may be given as a patronymic of Palti, or it may designate a native of the village of Beth-pelet mentioned in Josh 15:27 and Neh 11:26 as being in Lower Judah. Helez, however, is described as "of the children of Ephraim" in 1 Ch 27:10.
Easton
the designation of one of David's heroes (2 Sam. 23:26); called also the Pelonite (1 Chr. 11:27).
帕提 PALTI
代表
民13:9 撒上25:44
ISBE
pal-ti (palTi, "Yah delivers"):
(1) One of the "searchers" of Canaan sent by Moses (Nu 13:9), representing Benjamin in the expedition (13:9).
(2) The man to whom Saul gave Michal, Davids wife, after the estrangement (1 Sam 25:44). He is "the captain of the people" of 2 Esdras 5:16 ("Phaltiel," margin "Psaltiel"). In 2 Sam 3:15, he is named "Phaltiel" (the King James Version), "Paltiel" (the Revised Version), and is there mentioned in connection with Davids recovery of Michal.
Easton
deliverance from the Lord, one of the spies representing the tribe of Benjamin (Num. 13:9).
HDBN
deliverance; flight
SBD
(whom Jehovah delivers ), the Benjamite spy, son of Raphu. ( Numbers 13:9 ) (B.C.1490.)
帕斯魯細 PATHRUSIM
代表
創10:14 代上1:12
ISBE
path-roo-sim, path-ru-sim (pathruci, "an inhabitant of Pathros"; Septuagint hoi Patrosonieim): The branch of the Egyptians who came from PATHROS (which see). They are represented as begotten of Mizraim, "Mizraim begat Zudim. .... and Pathrusim" (Gen 10:13 f; 1 Ch 1:11 f).
SBD
people of Pathros. [PATHROS]
帕瑪斯他 PARMASHTA
代表
斯9:9
ISBE
par-mash-ta (parmashta; Septuagint Marmasima, or Marmasimna): One of the sons of Haman (Est 9:9).
Easton
strong-fisted, a son of Haman, slain in Shushan (Esther 9:9).
HDBN
a yearling bull
SBD
(superior ), one of the ten sons of Haman slain by the Jews in Shushan. ( Esther 9:9 ) (B.C. 473.)
帕納 PARNACH
代表
民34:25
ISBE
par-nak (parnakh, "gifted"): Father of Elizaphan, the prince of Zebulun (Nu 34:25).
HDBN
a bull striking
帕結 PAGIEL
代表
民1:13 民2:37 民7:72 民10:26
ISBE
pa-gi-el, pa-ji-el, pa-gi-el (pagh`iel, "Gods intervention"): Son of Ocran, of the tribe of Asher, among those enrolled by Moses at the numbering of Israel (Nu 1:13; 2:27). When the tabernacle was set up, the heads of the families of Israel "brought their offerings" in rotation, and Pagiel, as prince of his tribe, came on the 11th day (Nu 7:72). Nu 7:72-77 describes his offering. In the journeyings of Israel he was "over the host of the tribe of the children of Asher" (Nu 10:26), and possibly standard-bearer (compare Nu 10:14,22,25).
Henry Wallace
Easton
God allots, a prince of the tribe of Asher (Num. 1:13), in the wilderness.
HDBN
prevention
帕萊 PAARAI
代表
代上11:37
ISBE
pa-a-ri (pa`aray, "devotee of Peor"): One of Davids 37 valiant men (2 Sam 23:35). Doubtless the "Naarai" of 1 Ch 11:37.
Easton
opening of the Lord, "the Arbite," one of David's heroes (2 Sam. 23:35); called also Naarai, 1 Chr. 11:37.
HDBN
opening
帕路亞 PARUAH
代表
王上4:17
ISBE
pa-roo-a (paruach "blooming"): Father of Jehoshaphat, who was one of Solomons twelve victualers or providers, and had charge in Isaachar of this function (1 Ki 4:17).
Easton
flourishing, the father of Jehoshaphat, appointed to provide monthly supplies for Solomon from the tribe of Issachar (1 Kings 4:17).
HDBN
flourishing; that flies away
SBD
(flourishing ), the father of Jehoshaphat, Solomons commissariat officer in Issachar. ( 1 Kings 4:17 ) (B.C. about 1017.)
帕鐵 PALTIEL
代表
民34:26 撒下3:15
ISBE
pal-ti-el (palTiel, "Gods deliverance"):
(1) A prince of Isaachar (Nu 34:26).
(2) Same as PALTI, (2) (which see).
Easton
deliverance of God, the prince of Issachar who assisted "to divide the land by inheritance" (Num. 34:26).
HDBN
deliverance; or banishment
帖土羅 TERTULLUS
代表
徒24:1
ISBE
ter-tul-us, ter- (Tertullos, diminutive of Latin tertius, "third"):, An orator who descended with Ananias the high priest and elders from Jerusalem to Caesarea to accuse Paul before Felix the Roman governor (Acts 24:1). Tertullus was a hired pleader whose services were necessary that the case for the Jews might be stated in proper form. Although he bore a Roman name, he was not necessarily a Roman; Roman names were common both among Greeks and Jews, and most orators were at this time of eastern extraction. Nor is it definitely to be concluded from the manner of his speech (Acts 24:2-8) that he was a Jew; it has always been customary for lawyers to identify themselves in their pleading with their clients. His speech before Felix is marked by considerable ingenuity. It begins with an adulation of the governorship of Felix that was little in accord with history (see FELIX); and the subsequent argument is an example of how a strong case may apparently be made out by the skillful manipulation of half-truths. Thus the riot at Jerusalem was ascribed to the sedition-mongering of Paul, who thereby proved himself an enemy of Roman rule and Jewish religion, both of which Felix was pledged to uphold. Again, the arrest of Paul was not an act of mob violence, but was legally carried out by the high priests and elders in the interests of peace; and but for the unwarranted interference of Lysias (see LYSIAS), they would have dealt with the prisoner in their own courts and thus have avoided trespassing on the time of Felix. They were, however, perfectly willing to submit the whole case to his jurisdiction. It is interesting to compare this speech of Tertullus with the true account, as given in Acts 21:27-35, and also with the letter of Lysias (Acts 23:26-30).
C. M. Kerr
Easton
a modification of "Tertius;" a Roman advocate, whom the Jews employed to state their case against Paul in the presence of Felix (Acts 24:1-9). The charges he adduced against the apostle were, "First, that he created disturbances among the Romans throughout the empire, an offence against the Roman government (crimen majestatis). Secondly, that he was a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes; disturbed the Jews in the exercise of their religion, guaranteed by the state; introduced new gods, a thing prohibited by the Romans. And thirdly, that he attempted to profane the temple, a crime which the Jews were permitted to punish."
HDBN
third
SBD
(diminutive from Tertius ), "a certain orator," ( Acts 24:1 ) who was retained by the high priest and Sanhedrin to accuse the apostle Paul at Caesarea before the Roman procurator Antonius Felix. He evidently belonged to the class of professional orators. We may infer that Tertullus was of Roman, or at all events of Italian, origin. (A.D. 55.)
干大基 CANDACE
代表
徒8:27
ISBE
kan-da-se (Kandake): Queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27). Pliny states that the name Candace had already been borne for many years by the queens of Ethiopia (vi,29). See ETHIOPIA. Her treasurer, "a eunuch of great authority," was baptized by Philip the Evangelist on his return from worshipping in Jerusalem.
Easton
the queen of the Ethiopians whose "eunuch" or chamberlain was converted to Christianity by the instrumentality of Philip the evangelist (Acts 8:27). The country which she ruled was called by the Greeks Meroe, in Upper Nubia. It was long the centre of commercial intercourse between Africa and the south of Asia, and hence became famous for its wealth (Isa. 45:14). It is somewhat singular that female sovereignty seems to have prevailed in Ethiopia, the name Candace (compare "Pharaoh," "Ptolemy," "Caesar") being a title common to several successive queens. It is probable that Judaism had taken root in Ethiopia at this time, and hence the visit of the queen's treasurer to Jerusalem to keep the feast. There is a tradition that Candace was herself converted to Christianity by her treasurer on his return, and that he became the apostle of Christianity in that whole region, carrying it also into Abyssinia. It is said that he also preached the gospel in Arabia Felix and in Ceylon, where he suffered martyrdom. (See PHILIP
HDBN
who possesses contrition
SBD
or Canda-ce (prince of servants ), a queen of Ethiopia (Meroe), mentioned ( Acts 8:27 ) (A.D. 38.) The name was not a proper name of an individual, but that of a dynasty of Ethiopian queens.
干沙希悉 JUSHAB-HSED
代表
代上3:20 代上3:30
底伯利 DIBRI
代表
利24:11
ISBE
dib-ri (dibhri, "eloquent" (?)): A Danite, whose daughter Shelomith married an Egyptian. Their son was "cut off" (stoned) for blasphemy (Lev 24:11).
HDBN
an orator
SBD
a Danite, father of Shelomith. ( Leviticus 24:11 )
底但 DEDAN
代表
創10:7 創25:3
Easton
low ground. (1.) A son of Raamah (Gen. 10:7). His descendants are mentioned in Isa. 21:13, and Ezek. 27:15. They probably settled among the sons of Cush, on the north-west coast of the Persian Gulf. (2.) A son of Jokshan, Abraham's son by Keturah (1 Chr. 1:32). His descendants settled on the Syrian borders about the territory of Edom. They probably led a pastoral life.
HDBN
their breasts; friendship; a judge
SBD
(low country ). The name of a son of Raamah, son of Cush. ( Genesis 10:7 ; 1 Chronicles 1:9 ) A son of Jokshan, son of Keturah. ( Genesis 25:3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:32 ) (B.C. after 1988.)
底拿 DINAH
代表
創34:1 創34:2 創34:3 創34:4 創34:5
ISBE
di-na (dinah, "justice"): The daughter of Jacob and Leah, whose violation by Shechem, son of Hamor, caused her brothers, especially Simeon and Levi, to slay the inhabitants of Shechem, although they had induced the Shechemites to believe, if they would submit to circumcision, Shechem, the most honored of all the house of his father, would be permitted to have the maiden to whom his soul clave for wife (Gen 34:1-31). The political elements of the story (compare Gen 34:21-23 and 30) suggest a tribal rather than a personal significance for the narrative.
Nathan Isaacs
Easton
judged; vindicated, daughter of Jacob by Leah, and sister of Simeon and Levi (Gen. 30:21). She was seduced by Shechem, the son of Hamor, the Hivite chief, when Jacob's camp was in the neighbourhood of Shechem. This led to the terrible revenge of Simeon and Levi in putting the Shechemites to death (Gen. 34). Jacob makes frequent reference to this deed of blood with abhorrence and regret (Gen. 34:30; 49:5-7). She is mentioned among the rest of Jacob's family that went down into Egypt (Gen. 46:8, 15).
HDBN
judgment; who judges
SBD
(judged, acquitted ), the daughter of Jacob by Leah. ( Genesis 30:21 ) (B.C. about 1751.) She accompanied her father from Mesopotamia to Canaan, and, having ventured among the inhabitants, was violated by Shechem the son of Hamor, the chieftain of the territory in which her father had settled. Gen. 34. Shechem proposed to make the usual reparation by paying a sum to the father and marrying her. ( Genesis 34:12 ) This proposal was accepted, the sons of Jacob demanding, as a condition of the proposed union, the circumcision of the Shechemites. They therefore assented; and on the third day, when the pain and fever resulting from the operation were at the highest, Simeon and Levi, own brothers of Dinah, attacked them unexpectedly, slew all the males, and plundered their city.
底波拉 DEBORAH
代表
創35:8 創24:59 士4:4 士4:5 士4:6 士4:7 士4:8 士4:9 士4:10 士4:11 士4:12 士4:13 士4:14 士4:15 士4:16 士4:17 士4:18 士4:19 士4:20 士4:21 士4:22 士4:23 士4:24
ISBE
deb-o-ra (debhorah, signifying "bee"):
(1) Rebekahs nurse, who died near Bethel and was buried under "the oak of weeping" (Gen 35:8 margin).
(2) A prophetess, fourth in the order of the "judges." In aftertime a palm tree, known as the "palm tree of Deborah," was shown between Ramah and Bethel, beneath which the prophetess was wont to administer justice. Like the rest of the "judges" she became a leader of her people in times of national distress. This time the oppressor was Jabin, king of Hazor, whose general was Sisera. Deborah summoned Barak of Kedesh-naphtali and delivered to him the Divine message to meet Sisera in battle by the brook Kishon. Barak induced Deborah to accompany him; they were joined by 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali. The battle took place by the brook Kishon, and Siseras army was thoroughly routed. While Barak pursued the fleeing army, Sisera escaped and sought refuge with Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite, near Kedesh. The brave woman, the prototype of Judith, put the Canaanite general to sleep by offering him a draft of milk and then slew him by driving a peg into his temple. Thus runs the story in Jdg 4. It is on the whole substantiated by the ode in chapter 5 which is ascribed jointly to Deborah and Barak. It is possible that the editor mistook the archaic form qamti, in 5:7 which should be rendered "thou arosedst" instead of "I arose." Certainly the ode was composed by a person who, if not a contemporary of the event, was very near it in point of time. The song is spoken of as one of the oldest pieces of Hebrew literature. Great difficulties meet the exegete. Nevertheless the general substance is clear. The Lord is described as having come from Sinai near the "field of Edom" to take part in the battle; `for from heaven they fought, the very stars from their courses fought against Sisera (5:20). The nation was in a sad plight, oppressed by a mighty king, and the tribes loth to submerge their separatist tendencies. Some, like Reuben, Gilead, Dan and Asher remained away. A community by the name of Meroz is singled out for blame, `because they came not to the help of Yahweh, to the help of Yahweh among the mighty (5:23; compare the Revised Version, margin). Ephraim, Issachar, Machir, Benjamin were among the followers of Barak; "Zebulun .... jeopardized their lives unto the death, and Naphtali, upon the high places of the field" (verse 18). According to the song, the battle was fought at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; Siseras host was swept away by "that ancient river, the river Kishon" (verse 21). Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite, receives here due reward of praise for her heroic act. The paean vividly paints the waiting of Siseras mother for the home-coming of the general; the delay is ascribed to the great booty which the conqueror is distributing among his Canaanite host. "So let all thine enemies perish," concludes the song; "O Yahweh: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might." It is a song in praise of the "righteous acts" of the Lord, His work of victory which Israels leaders, `the long-haired princes, wrought, giving their lives freely to the nations cause. And the nation was sore bestead because it had become faithless to the Lord and chosen new gods. Out of the conflict came, for the time being, victory and moral purification; and the inspiring genius of it all was a woman in Israel, the prophetess Deborah.
(3) Tobits grandmother (the King James Version "Debora," Tobit 1:8).
Max L. Margolis
Easton
a bee. (1.) Rebekah's nurse. She accompanied her mistress when she left her father's house in Padan-aram to become the wife of Isaac (Gen. 24:59). Many years afterwards she died at Bethel, and was buried under the "oak of weeping", Allon-bachuth (35:8). (2.) A prophetess, "wife" (woman?) of Lapidoth. Jabin, the king of Hazor, had for twenty years held Israel in degrading subjection. The spirit of patriotism seemed crushed out of the nation. In this emergency Deborah roused the people from their lethargy. Her fame spread far and wide. She became a "mother in Israel" (Judg. 4:6, 14; 5:7), and "the children of Israel came up to her for judgment" as she sat in her tent under the palm tree "between Ramah and Bethel." Preparations were everywhere made by her direction for the great effort to throw off the yoke of bondage. She summoned Barak from Kadesh to take the command of 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali, and lead them to Mount Tabor on the plain of Esdraelon at its north-east end. With his aid she organized this army. She gave the signal for attack, and the Hebrew host rushed down impetuously upon the army of Jabin, which was commanded by Sisera, and gained a great and decisive victory. The Canaanitish army almost wholly perished. That was a great and ever-memorable day in Israel. In Judg. 5 is given the grand triumphal ode, the "song of Deborah," which she wrote in grateful commemoration of that great deliverance. (See LAPIDOTH
HDBN
word; thing; a bee
SBD
(a bee ). (B.C. 1857.) The nurse of Rebekah. ( Genesis 35:8 ) Deborah accompanied Rebekah from the house of Bethuel, ( Genesis 24:59 ) and is only mentioned by name on the occasion of her burial under the oak tree of Bethel, which was called in her honor Allon-bachuth. A prophetess who judged Israel. Judges 4,5. (B.C, 1316.) She lived under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in Mount Ephraim, ( Judges 4:5 ) which, as palm trees were rare in Palestine, "is mentioned as a well-known and solitary landmark." She was probably a woman of Ephraim. Lapidoth was probably her husband, and not Barak as some say. She was not so much a judge as one gifted with prophetic command ( Judges 4:6 Judges 4:14 ; 5:7 ) and by virtue of her inspiration "a mother in Israel." The tyranny of Jabin, a Canaanitish king, was peculiarly felt in the northern tribes, who were near his capital and under her jurisdiction. Under her direction Barak encamped on the broad summit of Tabor. Deborahs prophecy was fulfilled, ( Judges 4:9 ) and the enemys general perished among the "oaks of the wanderers" (Zaanaim), in the tent of the Bedouin Kenites wife, ( Judges 4:21 ) in the northern mountains. Deborahs title of "prophetess" includes the notion of inspired poetry, as in ( Exodus 15:20 ) and in this sense the glorious triumphal ode, Judges 5, well vindicates her claim to the office.
底珊 DISHAN
代表
創36:21 創36:28
Easton
antelope, the youngest son of Seir the Horite, head of one of the tribes of Idumaea (Gen. 36:21, 28, 30).
HDBN
a threshing
SBD
(antelope ), the youngest son of Seir the Horite. ( Genesis 36:21 Genesis 36:28 Genesis 36:30 ; 1 Chronicles 1:38 1 Chronicles 1:42 )
底璧 DEBIR
代表
書10:3 書10:23 書10:26
Easton
oracle town; sanctuary. (1.) One of the eleven cities to the west of Hebron, in the highlands of Judah (Josh. 15:49; Judg. 1:11-15). It was originally one of the towns of the Anakim (Josh. 15:15), and was also called Kirjath-sepher (q.v.) and Kirjath-sannah (49). Caleb, who had conquered and taken possession of the town and district of Hebron (Josh. 14:6-15), offered the hand of his daughter to any one who would successfully lead a party against Debir. Othniel, his younger brother (Judg. 1:13; 3:9), achieved the conquest, and gained Achsah as his wife. She was not satisfied with the portion her father gave her, and as she was proceeding toward her new home, she "lighted from off her ass" and said to him, "Give me a blessing [i.e., a dowry]: for thou hast given me a south land" (Josh. 15:19, A.V.); or, as in the Revised Version, "Thou hast set me in the land of the south", i.e., in the Negeb, outside the rich valley of Hebron, in the dry and barren land. "Give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs." Debir has been identified with the modern Edh-Dhaheriyeh, i.e., "the well on the ridge", to the south of Hebron. (2.) A place near the "valley of Achor" (Josh. 15:7), on the north boundary of Judah, between Jerusalem and Jericho. (3.) The king of Eglon, one of the five Canaanitish kings who were hanged by Joshua (Josh. 10:3, 23) after the victory at Gibeon. These kings fled and took refuge in a cave at Makkedah. Here they were kept confined till Joshua returned from the pursuit of their discomfited armies, when he caused them to be brought forth, and "Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees" (26).
HDBN
an orator; a word
SBD
(a sanctuary ), the name of three places of Palestine. A town in the mountains of Judah, ( Joshua 15:49 ) one of a group of eleven cities to the west of Hebron. The earlier name of Debir was Kirjath-sepher, "city of book," ( Joshua 15:15 ; Judges 1:11 ) and Kirjath-sannah, "city of palm." ( Joshua 15:49 ) It was one of the cities given with their "suburbs" to the priests. ( Joshua 21:15 ; 1 Chronicles 6:58 ) Debir has not been discovered with certainty in modern times; but about three miles to the west of Hebron is a deep and secluded valley called the Wady Nunkur , enclosed on the north by hills, of which one bears a name certainly suggestive of Debir--Dewir-ban. A place on the north boundary of Judah, near the "valley of Achor." ( Joshua 15:7 ) A Wady Dabor is marked in Van Deuteronomy Veldes map as close to the south of Neby Musa , at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea. The "border of Debir" is named as forming part of the boundary of Gad, ( Joshua 13:26 ) and as apparently not far from Mahanaim.


ISBE - 國際標準聖經百科全書 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
Easton - Easton's Bible Dictionary
HBND - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary