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每日一詞 主題辭典 聖經人名 聖經地名 聖經英文

搜尋方式: 本搜尋引擎限搜尋一個字,採模糊比對。

目前本系統共收錄了 1,856 個聖經相關人名
以及 HDBN 包含了 2,616 個姓名的意義解釋。


中文名字 英文名字 查詢經文 代表經文 Nave's Topical Bible ISBE Easton HBND SDB
米希大別 MEHETABEEL
代表
尼6:10
Easton
whose benefactor is God, the father of Delaiah, and grandfather of Shemaiah, who joined Sanballat against Nehemiah (Neh. 6:10).
米戶慢 MEHUMAN
代表
斯1:10
ISBE
me-hu-man (me`human (Est 1:10)): A eunuch of Ahasuerus, the first of the seven chamberlains.
Easton
faithful, one of the eunchs whom Ahasuerus (Xerxes) commanded to bring in Vashti (Esther 1:10).
HDBN
making an uproar; a multitude
SBD
(faithful ), one of the seven eunuchs of Ahasuerus. ( Esther 1:10 )
米戶雅利 MEHUJAEL
代表
創4:18
ISBE
me-hu-ja-el (mechuyael, mechiyael, "smitten of God"): A descendant of Cain through Enoch and Irad (Gen 4:18). The list in Gen 5:12 ff is a working-over of the same material of genealogy by another hand at a different date of spelling (compare spelling of Chaucer and that of today). In that ease, Mehalalel would be the correspondent name to Mehujael (see Expository Times, X, 353).
Easton
smitten by God, the son of Irad, and father of Methusael (Gen. 4:18).
HDBN
who proclaims God
SBD
(smitten by God ), the son of Irad, and fourth in descent from Cain. ( Genesis 4:18 )
米所巴 MESHOBAB
代表
代上4:34 代上4:39 代上4:40 代上4:41
ISBE
me-sho-bab (meshobhabh): A Simeonite (1 Ch 4:34). This name heads the list of those who, for the sake of wider pasturelands, occupied a Hamitic settlement in the neighborhood of Gerar (Mount GEDOR (which see)), and a Maonite settlement in Edomite territory (1 Ch 4:39-41). The latter event is dated in the days of Hezekiah (see Curtis, Chronicles, in the place cited.).
米拉 MERAB
代表
撒上14:49 撒上17:25 撒上18:17 撒上18:18 撒上18:19
ISBE
me-rab (merabh "increase"; Merob): The elder daughter of Saul (1 Sam 14:49), promised, though not by name, to the man who should slay the Philistine Goliath (1 Sam 17:25). David did this and was afterward taken by Saul to court (1 Sam 18:2), where he was detained in great honor. Merab was not, however, given to him as quickly as the incident would lead one to expect, and the sequel showed some unwillingness on the part of some persons in the contract to complete the promise. The adulation of the crowd who met David on his return from Philistine warfare and gave him a more favorable ascription than to Saul (1 Sam 18:6-16) awoke the angry jealousy of Saul. He "eyed David from that day and forward" (1 Sam 18:9). Twice David had to "avoid" the "evil spirit" in Saul (1 Sam 18:11). Saul also feared David (1 Sam 18:12), and this led him to incite the youth to more dangerous deeds of valor against the Philistines by a renewed promise of Merab. He will have Davids life, but rather by the hand of the Philistines than his own (1 Sam 18:17). Merab was to be the bait. But now another element complicated matters--Michals love for David (1 Sam 18:20), which may have been the retarding factor from the first. At any rate Merab is finally given to Adriel the Meholathite (1 Sam 18:19). The passage in 2 Sam 21:8 doubtless contains an error--Michals name occurring for that of her sister Merab--though the Septuagint, Josephus, and a consistent Hebrew text all perpetuate it, as well as the concise meaning of the Hebrew word Yaladh, which is a physiological word for bearing children, and cannot be translated "brought up." A Targum explanation reads: "The 5 sons of Merab (which Michal, Sauls daughter brought up) which she bare," etc. Another suggestion reads the word "sister" after Michal in the possessive case, leaving the text otherwise as it stands. It is possible that Merab died comparatively young, and that her children were left in the care of their aunt, especially when it is said she herself had none (2 Sam 6:23). The simplest explanation is to assume a scribal error, with the suggestion referred to as a possible explanation of it. The lonely Michal (2 Sam 6:20-23) became so identified with her (deceased) sisters children that they became, in a sense, hers.
Henry Wallace
Easton
increase, the eldest of Saul's two daughters (1 Sam. 14:49). She was betrothed to David after his victory over Goliath, but does not seem to have entered heartily into this arrangement (18:2, 17, 19). She was at length, however, married to Adriel of Abel-Meholah, a town in the Jordan valley, about 10 miles south of Bethshean, with whom the house of Saul maintained alliance. She had five sons, who were all put to death by the Gibeonites on the hill of Gibeah (2 Sam. 21:8).
HDBN
he that fights or disputes
SBD
(increase ), eldest daughter of King Saul. ( 1 Samuel 14:49 ) In accordance with the promise which he made before the engagement with Goliath, ch. ( 1 Samuel 17:25 ) Saul betrothed Merab to David. ch. ( 1 Samuel 18:17 ) Before the marriage Merabs younger sister Michal had displayed her attachment for David, and Merab was then married to Adriel the Meholathite to whom she bore five sons. ( 2 Samuel 21:8 )
米拉利 MERARI
代表
創46:11 出6:16
ISBE
me-ra-ri (merari, "bitter"; Mararei):
(1) The 3rd son of Levi, his brothers, Gershon and Kohath, being always mentioned together with him (Gen 46:11; Ex 6:16 ff). He was among those 70 who went down to Egypt with Jacob (Gen 46:8,11; compare 46:26 and Ex 1:5).
(2) The family of Merari, descendants of above, and always (with one exception, for which see MERARITES) spoken of as "sons of Merari" in numerous references, such as 1 Ch 6:1,16,19,29, which only repeat without additional information the references to be found in the body of this article. We early find them divided into two families, the Mahli and Mushi (Ex 6:19; Nu 3:17,20,33). At the exodus they numbered, under their chief Zuriel, 6,200, and they were assigned the north side of the tabernacle as a tenting-place (Nu 3:34,35), thus sharing in the honor of those who immediately surrounded the tabernacle--the south side being given to the Kohathites, the west to the Gershonites, and the east--toward the sun-rising--being reserved for Moses, Aaron and his sons (Nu 3:23,29,35,38). To the Merarites was entrusted the care of the boards, bars, pillars, sockets, vessels, pins and cords of the tabernacle (Nu 3:36,37; 4:29-33). They and the Gershonites were "under the hand" of Ithamar, son of Aaron, the sons of Gershon having charge of the softer material of the tabernacles --curtains, covers, hangings, etc. (Nu 3:25,26). When reckoned by the number fit for service, i.e. between 30 and 50 years, the sons of Merari were 3,200 strong (Nu 4:42-45). Because of the weight of the material in their charge they were allowed 4 wagons and 8 oxen for carriage (Nu 7:8). In marching, when the tabernacle was taken down, the standard of Judah went first (Nu 10:14); then followed the Merarites bearing the tabernacle (Nu 10:17), and after them came the standard of Reuben (Nu 10:18). After the settlement in Canaan they had 12 cities assigned them out of Gad, Reuben and Zebulun (Josh 21:7,34-40; 1 Ch 6:63,77-81), just as the other two branches of Levis family had their 12 cities respectively assigned out of the other tribes (Josh 21). The names of these Merarite cities are given (loc. cit.), and among them is Ramoth-gilead, one of the cities of refuge (Josh 21:38). It is evident from 1 Ch 6:44-47; 16:41; 25:1,3,6,9,11,15,19,21 f; compare 15:6,17-19 that they had charge under Ethan or Jeduthun of the temple music in the service. In Davids time Asaiah was their chief (1 Ch 15:6). Himself and 220 of the family helped David to bring up the Ark. David divided the Levites into courses among the Gershonites, Kohathites and Merarites (1 Ch 23:6; compare 23:21-23; 24:26-30). The functions of certain Merarites are described in 1 Ch 26:10-19. They also took part in cleansing the temple in Hezekiahs time (2 Ch 29:12) as well as in the days of Josiah (2 Ch 34:12), helping to repair the house of the Lord. Among the helpers of Ezra, too, we find some of them numbered (Ezr 8:18,19). The family seems to have played a very important part in keeping steady and true such faithfulness as remained in Israel.
(3) The father of Judith (Judith 8:1; 16:7).
Henry Wallace
Easton
sad; bitter, the youngest son of Levi, born before the descent of Jacob into Egypt, and one of the seventy who accompanied him thither (Gen. 46:11; Ex. 6:16). He became the head of one of the great divisions of the Levites (Ex. 6:19). (See MERARITES
HDBN
bitter; to provoke
米拉提 MELATIAH
代表
尼3:7
ISBE
mel-a-ti-a (melatyah, "Yahs deliverance"): A Gibeonite who assisted in building the wall of Jerusalem under Nehemiah (Neh 3:7).
HDBN
deliverance of the Lord
SBD
(Jehovah delivers ), a Gibeonite who assisted in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 3:7 )
米拉約 MERAIOTH
代表
代上6:6 代上6:7 代上6:52 代上6:9 代上6:10 代上6:11 尼11:11
ISBE
me-ra-yoth, me-ri-oth (merayoth): The name varies much in the Greek.
(1) A Levite, a descendant of Aaron (1 Ch 6:6 f; Ezr 7:3), called "Memeroth" in 1 Esdras 8:2; and "Marimoth" in 2 Esdras 1:2.
(2) The son of Ahitub and father of Zadok (1 Ch 9:11).
(3) A priestly house of which, in the days of Joiakim, Helkai was head (Neh 12:15). In Neh 12:3 the name is given as "Meremoth."
Easton
rebellions. (1.) Father of Amariah, a high priest of the line of Eleazar (1 Chr. 6:6, 7, 52). (2.) Neh. 12:15, a priest who went to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel. He is called Meremoth in Neh. 12:3.
HDBN
bitterness; rebellious; changing
SBD
(rebellious ). A descendant of Eleazar the son of Aaron and head of a priestly house. ( 1 Chronicles 6:61 ; 7:62 ) It is apparently another Meraioth who comes in between Zadok and Ahitub in the genealogy of Azariah. ( 1 Chronicles 9:11 ; Nehemiah 11:11 ) The head of one of the houses of priests, which in the time of Joiakim the son of Jeshua was represented by helkai. ( Nehemiah 12:15 )
米拉萊 MILALAI
代表
尼12:36
ISBE
mil-a-la-i, mil-a-li (milalay): A Levite musician (Neh 12:36).
HDBN
circumcision; my talk
SBD
(eloquent ), probably a Gershonite Levite of the sons of Asaph, who assisted at the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 12:36 )
米拉雅 MERAIAH
代表
尼12:12
ISBE
me-ra-ya, me-ri-a (merayah, "contumacious"): A priest in the time of Joiakim son of Jeshua, and head of the priestly house of Seraiah to which Ezra belonged (Neh 12:12; compare Ezr 7:1).
Easton
resistance, a chief priest, a contemporary of the high priest Joiakim (Neh. 12:12).
SBD
(rebellion ), a priest in the day of Joiakim. ( Nehemiah 12:13 )
米拿民 MINIAMIN
代表
尼12:41
ISBE
min-ya-min, mi-ni-a-min (minydmin):
(1) A Levite who assisted Kore, the son of Imnah, in the distribution of the freewill offerings (2 Ch 31:15).
(2) A priestly family of the time of the high priest Joiakim (Neh 12:17), probably = MIJAMIN (2).
(3) A priestly participant in the ceremony of the dedication of the wall (Neh 12:41).
HDBN
right hand
SBD
(from the right hand ). A Levite in the reign of Hezekiah. ( 2 Chronicles 31:15 ) The same as Miamin 2 and Mijamin 2. ( Nehemiah 12:17 ) One of the priests at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 12:41 )
米拿現 MENAHEM
代表
王下15:14 王下15:17 王下15:18 王下15:19 王下15:20 王下15:21
ISBE
men-a-hem (menachem, "one who comforts"; Manaem; 2 Ki 15:14-22):
1. Accession and Reign:
Son of Gadi and 16th king of Israel. He reigned 10 years. Menahem was probably the officer in charge of the royal troops in Tirzah, one of the kings residences, at the time of the murder of Zechariah by Shallum. Hearing of the deed, he brought up his troops and avenged the death of his master by putting Shallum to death in Samaria. He then seized the vacant throne. His first full year may have been 758 BC (others, as seen below, put later).
2. Early Acts:
The country at this time, as depicted by Hosea and Amos, was in a deplorable condition of anarchy and lawlessness. Menahem, with a strong hand, enforced his occupation of the throne. One town only seems to have refused to acknowledge him. This was Tiphsah, a place 6 miles Southwest of Shechem, now the ruined village of Khurbet Tafsah. As Menahem is said to have attacked this enclosed city from Tirzah, lying to its North, it is probable that he took it on the way to Samaria, before proceeding to do battle with Shallum. If this was so, it is some explanation of the cruelty with which he treated its inhabitants (2 Ki 15:16). One such instance of severity was enough. The whole kingdom was at his feet. He proved to be a strong and determined ruler, and during the 9 or 10 years of his governorship had no further internecine trouble to contend with.
3. Menahem and Assyria:
But there was another source of disquiet. Assyria, under Pul, had resumed her advance to the West and threatened the kingdoms of Israel. Menahem resolved on a policy of diplomacy, and, rather than risk a war with the conqueror of the East, agreed to the payment of a heavy tribute of 1,000 talents of silver. To raise this sum he had to assess his wealthier subjects to the extent of 50 shekels each. As there are 3,000 shekels in a talent of silver, it is obvious that some 60,000 persons, "mighty men of wealth," must have been laid under contribution in this levy--an indication at once of the enormity of the tribute, and of the prosperity of the country at the time. However short-sighted the policy, its immediate purpose was attained, which was that the hand of the Assyrian king "might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand" (2 Ki 15:19).
4. A Conflict of Dates:
A difficulty attaches to the dates of this period. The Pul of 2 Ki 15:19 and 1 Ch 5:26 is now identified with Tiglath-pileser III, who took this title on ascending the throne of Assyria in 745 BC. In an inscription of Tiglath-pileser, Menahem appears as Minehimmu Samarina (Menahem the Samarian), together with Racunnu (Rezin) of Damascus and Hirumu (Hiram) of Tyre. The date given to this inscription is 738 BC, whereas the last year we can give to Menahem is 749, or 10 years earlier.
5. Proposed Solutions:
The chronological difficulty which thus arises may be met in one of two ways. Either the inscription, like that on the black obelisk of Kurkh (see JEHU), was written some years after the events to which it refers and contains records of operations in which Tiglath-pileser took part before he became king; or Pekah--who was on the throne of Israel in 738 (?)--is spoken of under the dynastic name Menahem, though he was not of his family. The former of these hypotheses is that which the present writer is inclined to adopt. (By others the dates of Menahem are lowered in conformity with the inscription.)
See CHRONOLOGY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.
6. Character:
Menahem attempted no reformation in the national religion, but, like all his predecessors, adhered to the worship of the golden calves. On this account, like them, he incurs the heavy censure of the historian.
W. Shaw Caldecott
Easton
conforting, the son of Gadi, and successor of Shallum, king of Israel, whom he slew. After a reign of about ten years (B.C. 771-760) he died, leaving the throne to his son Pekahiah. His reign was one of cruelty and oppression (2 Kings 15:14-22). During his reign, Pul (q.v.), king of Assyria, came with a powerful force against Israel, but was induced to retire by a gift from Menahem of 1,000 talents of silver.
HDBN
comforter; who conducts them; preparation of heat
SBD
(comforter ), son of Gadi, who slew the usurper Shallum, and seized the vacant throne of Israel. B.C. 772. His reign, which lasted ten years, is briefly recorded in ( 2 Kings 15:14-22 ) He maintained the calf-worship of Jeroboam. The contemporary prophets Hosea and Amos have left a melancholy picture of the ungodliness, demoralization and feebleness of Israel. Menahem reigned B.C. 771-760.
米提利達 MITHREDATH
代表
拉1:8 拉4:7
ISBE
mith-re-dath (mithredhath; Persian = "gift of Mithra" or "consecrated to Mithra"):
(1) The Persian treasurer through whom Cyrus restored the sacred vessels to the returning Jewish exiles (Ezr 1:8).
(2) A Persian, perhaps an official, who was associated with Bishlam and Tabeel in corresponding with Artaxerxes concerning the restoration of Jerusalem (Ezr 4:7). In 1 Esdras 2:11,16, the name is written MITHRADATES (which see).
Easton
given by Mithra, or dedicated to Mithra, i.e., the sun, the Hebrew form of the Greek name Mithridates. (1.) The "treasurer" of King Cyrus (Ezra 1:8). (2.) Ezra 4:7, a Persian officer in Samaria.
HDBN
breaking the law
SBD
(given by Mithra ). The treasurer of Cyrus king of Persia, to whom the king gave the vessels of the temple. ( Ezra 1:8 ) A Persian officer stationed at Samaria. ( Ezra 4:7 )
米撒 MIZZAH
代表
創36:13 創36:14 創36:15 創36:16 創36:17 代上1:37
ISBE
miz-a (mizzah, "strong," "firm"): Grandson of Esau, one of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen 36:13,17; 1 Ch 1:37).
Easton
despair, one of the four sons of Reuel, the son of Esau (Gen. 36:13, 17).
HDBN
defluxion from the head
SBD
(fear ), son of Reuel and grandson of Esau. ( Genesis 36:13 Genesis 36:17 ; 1 Chronicles 1:37 )
米斯拔 MIZPAR
代表
拉2:2 尼7:7
ISBE
miz-par.
See MISPAR.
Easton
number, one of the Jews who accompanied Zerubbabel from Babylon (Ezra 2:2); called also Mispereth (Neh. 7:7).
SBD
(number ); properly Mispar, the same as MISPERETH. ( Ezra 2:2 )
米斯毗列 MISPERETH
代表
尼7:7 拉2:2
ISBE
mis-pe-reth (micpereth).
See MISPAR.
SBD
one of those who returned with Zerubbabel and Jeshua from Babylon. ( Nehemiah 7:7 )
米施利米雅 MESHELEMIAH
代表
代上9:21 代上26:14
ISBE
me-shel-e-mi-a (meshelemyah, "Yah repays"): Father of Zechariah, one of the porters of the tabernacle (1 Ch 9:21; 26:1,2,9). In the latter passage Meshelemiah, with a final "-u", is credited with "sons and brethren, valiant men, 18." He is the "Shelemiah" of 1 Ch 26:14, the "Shallum" of 1 Ch 9:17,19,31, and the "Meshullam" of Neh 12:25.
Easton
friendship of Jehovah, a Levite of the family of the Korhites, called also Shelemiah (1 Chr. 9:21; 26:1, 2, 9, 14). He was a temple gate-keeper in the time of David.
HDBN
peace
SBD
(whom Jehovah repays ), a Korhite porter or gate-keeper of the house of Jehovah in the reign of David. ( 1 Chronicles 9:21 ; 1 Chronicles 26:1 1 Chronicles 26:2 1 Chronicles 26:9 )
米施瑪 MISHMA
代表
創25:14 代上1:30 代上4:25
ISBE
mishma (mishma`):
(1) A son of Ishmael (Gen 25:14; 1 Ch 1:30).
(2) A Simeonite (1 Ch 4:25).
Easton
hearing. (1.) One of the sons of Ishmael (Gen. 25:14), and founder of an Arab tribe. (2.) A Simeonite (1 Chr. 4:25, 26).
HDBN
hearing; obeying
SBD
(a hearing ). A son of Ishmael and brother of Mibsam. ( Genesis 25:14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:30 ) A son of Simeon, ( 1 Chronicles 4:25 ) brother of Mibsam.
米書蘭 MESHULLAM
代表
代上8:17 代上8:18 代上5:13 王下22:3代上9:11 尼11:11 代下43:12代上3:19 代上9:7 尼11:7 代上9:8 拉8:16 拉10:15拉10:29 尼3:4 尼3:30 尼8:4 尼10:7 尼10:20 尼12:33 尼12:13 尼12:16 尼12:25
ISBE
me-shul-am (meshullam, "resigned" or "devoted"; compare Arabic Muslim; Mesollam): An Old Testament name very common in post-exilic times.
(1) The grandfather of Shaphan (2 Ki 22:3).
(2) A son of Zerubbabel (1 Ch 3:19).
(3) A Gadite (1 Ch 5:13).
(4) (5) (6) Three Benjamites (1 Ch 8:17; 9:7,8).
(7) The father of Hilkiah (1 Ch 9:11; Neh 11:11).
(8) A priest, son of Meshillemith (1 Ch 9:12); the parallel list (Neh 11:13) omits the name.
(9) A Kohathite appointed by Josiah as one of the overseers to direct the repairs of the temple (2 Ch 34:12).
(10) One of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites to go up with him to Jerusalem (Ezr 8:16; compare 1 Esdras 8:44).
(11) A Levite opposed to Ezras regulations anent marriage with foreigners (Ezr 10:15; 1 Esdras 9:14).
(12) One of those who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:29; compare 1 Esdras 9:30).
(13) One of the repairers of the wall (Neh 3:4,30). His daughter was married to Jehohanan, the son of Tobiah the Ammonite (Neh 6:18).
(14) One of the repairers of the Old Gate (Neh 3:6).
(15) A supporter of Ezra at the reading of the Law (Neh 8:4).
(16) One of those who subscribed the Covenant (Neh 10:20).
(17) A priest who subscribed the Covenant (Neh 10:7).
(18) (19) Two priests at the time of the high priest Joiakim (Neh 12:13,16).
(20) A porter at the time of the high priest Joiakim (Neh 12:25).
(21) A processionist at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem (Neh 12:33).
John A. Less
Easton
befriended. (1.) One of the chief Gadites in Bashan in the time of Jotham (1 Chr. 5:13). (2.) Grandfather of Shaphan, "the scribe," in the reign of Josiah (2 Kings 22:3). (3.) A priest, father of Hilkiah (1 Chr. 9:11; Neh. 11:11), in the reign of Ammon; called Shallum in 1 Chr. 6:12. (4.) A Levite of the family of Kohath (2 Chr. 34:12), in the reign of Josiah. (5.) 1 Chr. 8:17. (6.) 1 Chr. 3:19. (7.) Neh. 12:13. (8.) A chief priest (Neh. 12:16). (9.) One of the leading Levites in the time of Ezra (8:16). (10.) A priest (1 Chr. 9:12). (11.) One of the principal Israelites who supported Ezra when expounding the law to the people (Neh. 8:4).
HDBN
peaceable; perfect; their parablesMesobaite
SBD
(friend ). Ancestor of Shaphan the scribe. ( 2 Kings 22:3 ) The son of Zerubbabel. ( 1 Chronicles 3:19 ) A Gadite in the reign of Jotham king of Judah. ( 1 Chronicles 5:13 ) A Benjamite, of the sons of Elpaal. ( 1 Chronicles 8:17 ) A Benjamite, father of Sallu. ( 1 Chronicles 9:7 ; Nehemiah 11:7 ) A Benjamite who lived at Jerusalem after the captivity. ( 1 Chronicles 9:8 ) The same as Shallum, who was high priest probably in the reign of Amon, and father of Hilkiah. ( 1 Chronicles 9:11 ; Nehemiah 11:11 ) A priest, son of Meshillemith or Meshillemoth the son of Immer, and ancestor of Maasiai or Amashai. ( 1 Chronicles 9:12 ) comp. Nehe 11:13 A Kohathite or a family of Kohathite Levites, in the reign of Josiah. ( 2 Chronicles 34:12 ) One of the "heads" sent by Ezra to Iddo, "the head," to gather together the Levites to join the caravan about to return to Jerusalem. ( Ezra 8:16 ) A chief man who assisted Ezra in abolishing the marriages which some of the people had contracted with foreign wives. ( Ezra 10:15 ) One of the descendants of Bani, who had married a foreign wife and put her away. ( Ezra 10:29 ) ( Nehemiah 3:30 ; 6:18 ) The son of Berechiah, who assisted in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 3:4 ) The son of Besodeiah: he assisted Jehoiada the son of Paseah in restoring the old gate of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 3:6 ) One of those who stood at the left hand of Ezra when he read the law to the people. ( Nehemiah 8:4 ) A priest or family of priests who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 10:7 ) One of the heads of the people who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 10:20 ) A priest in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua, and representative of the house of Ezra. ( Nehemiah 12:13 ) Also a priest at the same time as the preceding, and head of the priestly family of Ginnethon. ( Nehemiah 12:16 ) A family of porters, descendants of Meshullam, ( Nehemiah 12:25 ) who is also called Meshelemiah, ( 1 Chronicles 26:1 ) Shelemiah, ( 1 Chronicles 26:14 ) and Shallum. ( Nehemiah 7:45 ) One of the princes of Judah at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 12:33 )
米本乃 MEBUNNAI
代表
撒下23:27 撒下21:18 代上1:29 代上27:11
ISBE
me-bun-i, me-bun-a-i (mebhunnay, "well-built"): One of Davids "braves" (2 Sam 23:27). In 2 Sam 21:18 he is named "Sibbechai" (the Revised Version (British and American) "Sibbecai"), and is there mentioned as the slayer of a Philistine giant. The Revised Version (British and American) spelling occurs in 1 Ch 11:29, the King James Version "Sibbechai" in 1 Ch 20:4 (compare 2 Sam 21:18); and in 1 Ch 27:11 the Revised Version (British and American) spelling recurs, where this person is mentioned as captain of the 8th course of the 12 monthly courses that served the king in rota. Scribal error, and the similarity in Hebrew spelling of the two forms accounts for the difference in spelling. the Revised Version (British and American) consistently tries to keep this right.
Henry Wallace
Easton
construction, building of Jehovah, one of David's bodyguard (2 Sam. 23:27; comp. 21:18); called Sibbechai and Sibbecai (1 Chr. 11:29; 27:11).
HDBN
son; building; understanding
米母干 MEMUCAN
代表
斯1:14 斯1:15 斯1:16 斯1:17 斯1:18 斯1:19 斯1:20 斯1:21 斯1:22
ISBE
me-mu-kan (memukhan; derivation unknown but probably of Persian origin (Est 1:14,16,21)): One of "the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the kings face, and sat first in the kingdom." Ahasuerus consults these men, as those "that knew law and judgment," as to the proper treatment of the rebellious Vashti. Memucan is the spokesman of the reply. He recommends Vashtis deposition so that "all the wives will give to their husbands honor, both to great and small." This advice is adopted and incorporated into a royal decree--with what success is not said.
Easton
dignified, one of the royal counsellors at the court of Ahasuerus, by whose suggestion Vashti was divorced (Esther 1:14, 16, 21).
HDBN
impoverished; to prepare; certain; true
SBD
(dignified ), one of the seven princes of Persia in the reign of Ahasuerus, who "saw the kings face," and sat first in the kingdom. ( Esther 1:14 Esther 1:16 Esther 1:21 )
米比薩 MIBZAR
代表
創36:42 創26:42 代上1:53
ISBE
mib-zar (mibhtsar, "a fortress"): An Edomite chief, the King James Version "duke" (Gen 36:42; 1 Ch 1:53). According to Eusebius, Mibzar is connected with Mibsara, a considerable village subject to Petra and still existing in his time. Compare Holzinger and Skinner in respective commentaries on Genesis.
Easton
fortress, one of the Edomitish "dukes" descended from Esau (Gen. 36:42; 1 Chr. 1:53).
HDBN
defending; forbidding; taking away
SBD
(fortress ), one of the "dukes" of Edom. ( Genesis 36:42 ; 1 Chronicles 1:53 )
米比衫 MIBSAM
代表
創25:13 代上1:29 代上4:25
ISBE
mib-sam (mibhsam, "perfume"(?)):
(1) A son of Ishmael (Gen 25:13; 1 Ch 1:29).
(2) A Simeonite (1 Ch 4:25).
Easton
fragrance. (1.) One of Ishmael's twelve sons, and head of an Arab tribe (Gen. 25:13). (2.) A son of Simeon (1 Chr. 4:25).
HDBN
smelling sweet
SBD
(sweet odor ). A son of Ishmael. ( Genesis 25:13 ; 1 Chronicles 1:29 ) A son of Simeon. ( 1 Chronicles 4:25 )
米沙 MESHA
代表
代上2:42 代上8:9王下3:4
ISBE
me-sha:
(1) (mesha`; Codex Vaticanus, Marisa; Codex Alexandrinus, Marisas): Calebs firstborn son, the father of Ziph, probably the ancestor of the Ziphites (1 Ch 2:42).
(2) (mesha; Codex Vaticanus, Misa; Codex Alexandrinus, Mosa): A Benjamite, son of Shaharaim by his wife Hodesh, born in the land of Moab (1 Ch 8:9).
(3) (mesha`; Mosa): A king of Moab. All the Biblical information regarding this monarch is contained in 2 Ki 3. Here we gather that Mesha was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah and Jehoram. He was tributary to Israel, his annual contribution consisting of 100,000 lambs and 100,000 rams. after the death of Ahab he asserted his independence. Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, and the king of Edom joined forces with Jehoram in an attempt to quell the rebellion at the instance of Elisha, who accompanied the host, water was miraculously provided when the army of the allies was ready to perish of thirst. Mesha came out against them and fell upon the camp. His attack was repulsed with heavy slaughter, and the defeated king was chased by the victors until he took refuge in the great fortress of Kir-hareseth. A vigorous siege was begun. Seeing that his case was desperate, Mesha attempted, with 700 men, to break through the lines. Failing in this, he offered his firstborn as a burnt offering upon the wall. Then "there came great wrath upon Israel" (by which, probably, panic is meant), and the besiegers retired, leaving their conquest incomplete.
In his inscription (see MOABITE STONE) Mesha gives an account of his rebellion, naming the places captured and fortified by him. It is not surprising that he says nothing of his defeat by Jehoram and his allies. There is, however, one serious discrepancy. The time Moab was under the supremacy of Israel, during the reign of Omri and half the reign of Ahab, he puts at 40 years. According to Biblical chronology, Omri and Ahab together reigned only 34 years. If, with Mesha, we deduct half the reign of Ahab, the period is reduced to 23 years. It is impossible to add to the length of either reign. So great a difference cannot be explained by the use of round numbers. Why Mesha should wish to increase the time of his peoples subjection is not clear, unless, indeed, he thought in this way to magnify the glory of their deliverer.
In Mesha the sentiment of patriotism was wedded to some measure of military capacity. Judging by his inscription, he was also a deeply religious man according to his lights. Substitute "Yahweh" for "Chemosh," and his phraseology might be that of a pious Hebrew king. The sacrifice of his son is at once the mark of the heathen and an index of the strength of his devotion.
(4) (mesha; Masse): This appears to mark the western boundary of the land occupied by the descendants of Joktan (Gen 10:30). No certain identification is possible, but several more or less probable have been suggested: e.g. (a) The Greek Mesene, on the Persian Gulf, not far from the mouth of the Tigris and the Euphrates; (b) the Syro-Arabian desert, called Mashu in the Assyrian inscriptions; the name here, however, could hardly cover such a vast tract as this; more probably it denoted a place; (c) Dillmann would alter the vowels and identify it with Massa, a branch of the Ishmaelite stock (Gen 25:14; 1 Ch 1:30). This, however, furnishes no clue to the locality, the territory of that tribe being also unidentified.
W. Ewing
Easton
middle district, Vulgate, Messa. (1.) A plain in that part of the boundaries of Arabia inhabited by the descendants of Joktan (Gen. 10:30). (2.) Heb. meysh'a, "deliverance," the eldest son of Caleb (1 Chr. 2:42), and brother of Jerahmeel. (3.) Heb. id, a king of Moab, the son of Chemosh-Gad, a man of great wealth in flocks and herds (2 Kings 3:4). After the death of Ahab at Ramoth-Gilead, Mesha shook off the yoke of Israel; but on the ascension of Jehoram to the throne of Israel, that king sought the help of Jehoshaphat in an attempt to reduce the Moabites again to their former condition. The united armies of the two kings came unexpectedly on the army of the Moabites, and gained over them an easy victory. The whole land was devastated by the conquering armies, and Mesha sought refuge in his last stronghold, Kir-harasheth (q.v.). Reduced to despair, he ascended the wall of the city, and there, in the sight of the allied armies, offered his first-born son a sacrifice to Chemosh, the fire-god of the Moabites. This fearful spectacle filled the beholders with horror, and they retired from before the besieged city, and recrossed the Jordan laden with spoil (2 Kings 3:25-27). The exploits of Mesha are recorded in the Phoenician inscription on a block of black basalt found at Dibon, in Moab, usually called the "Moabite stone" (q.v.).
HDBN
burden; salvation
SBD
(freedom ). The name of one of the geographical limits of the Joktanites when they first settled in Arabia. ( Genesis 10:30 ) The king of Moab who was tributary to Ahab, ( 2 Kings 3:4 ) but when Ahab fell at Ramoth-gilead, Mesha refused to pay tribute to his successor, Jehoram. When Jehoram succeeded to the throne of Israel, one of his first acts was to secure the assistance of Jehoshaphat, his fathers ally, in reducing the Moabites to their former condition of tributaries. The Moabites were defeated, and the king took refuge in his last stronghold, and defended himself with the energy of despair. With 700 fighting men he made a vigorous attempt to cut his way through the beleaguering army, and when beaten back, he withdrew to the wall of his city, and there, in sight of the allied host, offered his first-born son, his successor in the kingdom, as a burnt offering to Chemosh, the ruthless fire-god of Moab. His bloody sacrifice had so far the desired effect that the besiegers retired from him to their own land. (At Dibon in Moab has lately been discovered the famous Moabite Stone, which contains inscriptions concerning King Mesha and his wars, and which confirms the Bible account. --ED.) The eldest son of Caleb the son of Hezron by his wife Azubah, as Kimchi conjectures. ( 1 Chronicles 2:42 ) A Benjamite, son of Shabaraim by his wife Hodesh, who bore him in the land of Moab. ( 1 Chronicles 8:9 )
米沙利 MISHAEL
代表
出6:22 利10:4 尼8:4
ISBE
mish-a-el, mi-sha-el (mishael, perhaps = "who is equal to God?"):
(1) A Kohathite, 4th in descent from Levi (Ex 6:22). He and his brother Elzaphan carried out Moses order to remove from the sanctuary and the camp the corpses of Nadab and Abihu (Lev 10:4 f).
(2) A supporter of Ezra at the reading of the Law (Neh 8:4).
(3) The Hebrew name of one of Daniels 3 companions (Dan 1:6,7,11,19; 2:17). His Babylonian name was MESHACH (which see).
Easton
who is like God! (1.) A Levite; the eldest of the three sons of Uzziel (Ex. 6:22). (2.) One of the three Hebrew youths who were trained with Daniel in Babylon (Dan. 1:11, 19), and promoted to the rank of Magi. He and his companions were afterwards cast into the burning fiery furnace for refusing to worship the idol the king had set up, from which they were miraculously delivered (3:13-30). His Chaldean name was Meshach (q.v.).
HDBN
who is asked for or lent
SBD
(who is what God is? ). One of the sons of Uzziel, the uncle of Aaron and Moses. ( Exodus 6:22 ) when Nadab and Abihu were struck dead for offering strange fire, Mishael and his brother Elzaphan, at the command of Moses, removed their bodies from the sanctuary, and buried them without the camp, their loose-fitting tunics serving for winding-sheets. ( Leviticus 10:4 Leviticus 10:5 ) One of those who stood at Ezras left hand when he read the law to the people. ( Nehemiah 8:4 ) [MESHACH]


ISBE - 國際標準聖經百科全書 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
Easton - Easton's Bible Dictionary
HBND - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary