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目前本系統共收錄了 1,856 個聖經相關人名
以及 HDBN 包含了 2,616 個姓名的意義解釋。


中文名字 英文名字 查詢經文 代表經文 Nave's Topical Bible ISBE Easton HBND SDB
烏西 UZZI
代表
代上6:5 代上6:6 代上6:51 拉7:4 代上7:2 代上7:3 代上7:7 代上9:8 尼11:22 尼12:19 尼12:42
ISBE
uz-i (uzzi, perhaps "my strength"):
(1) A descendant of Aaron and high priest, unknown apart from these sources (1 Ch 6:5,6,51 (Hebrew 5:31,32; 6:36); Ezr 7:4).
(2) An eponym of a family of Issachar (1 Ch 7:2,3).
(3) Head of a Benjamite family (1 Ch 7:7), or more probably of a Zebulunite family (see Curtis, Chron., 145-49).
(4) Father of Elah, a Benjamite (1 Ch 9:8), perhaps the same as (5).
(5) A son of Bani and overseer of the Levitea in Jerusalem (Neh 11:22).
(6) Head of the priestly family of Jedaiah (Neh 12:19,42).
David Francis Roberts
Easton
the Lord is my strength. (1.) The son of Bukki, and a descendant of Aaron (1 Chr. 6:5, 51; Ezra 7:4). (2.) A grandson of Issachar (1 Chr. 7:2, 3). (3.) A son of Bela, and grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr. 7:7). (4.) A Benjamite, a chief in the tribe (1 Chr. 9:8). (5.) A son of Bani. He had the oversight of the Levites after the return from captivity (Neh. 11:22). (6.) The head of the house of Jedaiah, one of "the chief of the priests" (Neh. 12:19). (7.) A priest who assisted in the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem (Neh. 12:42).
HDBN
my strength; my kid
SBD
(strong ). Son of Bukki and father of Zerahiah, in the line of the high priests. ( 1 Chronicles 6:5 1 Chronicles 6:61 ; Ezra 7:4 ) Though Uzzi was the lineal ancestor of Zadok, it does not appear that he was ever high priest. He must have been contemporary with, but rather earlier than, Eli. (B.C. before 1161.) Son of Tola the son of Issachar. ( 1 Chronicles 7:2 1 Chronicles 7:3 ) (B.C. 1706.) Son of Bela, of the tribe of Benjamin. ( 1 Chronicles 7:7 ) (B.C. 1706.) Another, or the same, from whom descended some Benjamite houses, which were settled at Jerusalem after the return from captivity. ( 1 Chronicles 9:8 ) A Levite, son of Bani and overseer of the Levites dwelling at Jerusalem, in the time of Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 11:22 ) A priest, chief of the fathers house of Jedaiah, in the time of Joiakim the high priest. ( Nehemiah 12:19 ) (B.C. about 500.) One of the priests who assisted Ezra in the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 12:42 ) Perhaps the same as the preceding. (B.C. 446.)
烏西亞 UZZIA
代表
代上11:44
ISBE
u-zi-a (`uzziya, "my strength is Yah"; see UZZIAH): An Ashterathite and one of Davids mighty men (1 Ch 11:44).
SBD
(strength of Jehovah ), one of Davids guard, and apparently a native of Ashtaroth beyond Jordan. ( 1 Chronicles 11:44 ) (B.C. 1053.)
烏西雅 UZZIAH
代表
代上6:24 王下14:21 王下14:22 王下15:1 王下15:2 王下15:3 王下15:4 王下15:5 王下15:6 代下26:1 代下26:2 代下26:3 代下26:4 代下26:5 代下26:6 代下26:7 代下26:8 代下26:9 代下26:10 代下26:11 代下26:12 代下26:13 代下26:14 代下26:15 代下26:16 代下26:17 代下26:18 代下26:19 代下26:20 代下26:21 代下26:22 代下26:23 代上6:24 代上27:25
Easton
a contracted form of Azari'ah the Lord is my strength. (1.) One of Amaziah's sons, whom the people made king of Judah in his father's stead (2 Kings 14:21; 2 Chr. 26:1). His long reign of about fifty-two years was "the most prosperous excepting that of Jehosaphat since the time of Solomon." He was a vigorous and able ruler, and "his name spread abroad, even to the entering in of Egypt" (2 Chr. 26:8, 14). In the earlier part of his reign, under the influence of Zechariah, he was faithful to Jehovah, and "did that which was right in the sight of the Lord" (2 Kings 15:3; 2 Chr. 26:4, 5); but toward the close of his long life "his heart was lifted up to his destruction," and he wantonly invaded the priest's office (2 Chr. 26:16), and entering the sanctuary proceeded to offer incense on the golden altar. Azariah the high priest saw the tendency of such a daring act on the part of the king, and with a band of eighty priests he withstood him (2 Chr. 26:17), saying, "It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense." Uzziah was suddenly struck with leprosy while in the act of offering incense (26:19-21), and he was driven from the temple and compelled to reside in "a several house" to the day of his death (2 Kings 15:5, 27; 2 Chr. 26:3). He was buried in a separate grave "in the field of the burial which belonged to the kings" (2 Kings 15:7; 2 Chr. 26:23). "That lonely grave in the royal necropolis would eloquently testify to coming generations that all earthly monarchy must bow before the inviolable order of the divine will, and that no interference could be tolerated with that unfolding of the purposes of God, which, in the fulness of time, would reveal the Christ, the true High Priest and King for evermore" (Dr. Green's Kingdom of Israel, etc.). (2.) The father of Jehonathan, one of David's overseers (1 Chr. 27:25).
HDBN
Uzziel
SBD
(strength of Jehovah ). King of Judah B.C. 809-8 to 757-6. In some passages his name appears in the lengthened form Azariah: After the murder of Amaziah, his son Uzziah was chosen by the people, at the age of sixteen, to occupy the vacant throne; and for the greater part of his long reign of fifty-two years he lived in the fear of God, and showed himself a wise, active and pious ruler. He never deserted the worship of the true God, and was much influenced by Zechariah, a prophet who is mentioned only in connection with him. ( 2 Chronicles 26:5 ) So the southern kingdom was raised to a condition of prosperity which it had not known since the death of Solomon. The end of Uzziah was less prosperous than his beginning. Elated with his splendid career, he determined to burn incense on the altar of God, but was opposed by the high priest Azariah and eighty others. See ( Exodus 30:7 Exodus 30:8 ; Numbers 16:40 ; 18:7 ) The king was enraged at their resistance, and, as he pressed forward with his censer was suddenly smitten with leprosy. This lawless attempt to burn incense was the only exception to the excellence of his administration. ( 2 Chronicles 27:2 ) Uzziah was buried "with his fathers," yet apparently not actually in the royal sepulchres. ( 2 Chronicles 26:23 ) During his reign a great earthquake occurred. ( Amos 1:1 ; Zechariah 14:5 ) A Kohathite Levite, and ancestor of Samuel. ( 1 Chronicles 6:24 ) (9). A priest of the sons of Harim, who had taken a foreign wife in the days of Ezra. ( Ezra 10:21 ) (B.C. 458.) Father of Athaiah or Uthai. ( Nehemiah 11:4 ) Father of Jehonathan, one of Davids overseers. ( 1 Chronicles 27:25 ) (B.C. about 1053.)
烏賽 UZAI
代表
尼3:25
ISBE
u-zi, u-za-i (~uzay>, meaning unknown): Father of Palal (Neh 3:25).
特哈加 TIRHANAH
代表
王下19:9 賽37:9
SBD
(favor ), son of Caleb ben-Hezron by his concubine Maachah. ( 1 Chronicles 2:48 ) (B.C. about 1451.)
特哈拿 TIRHANAH
代表
代上2:48
SBD
(favor ), son of Caleb ben-Hezron by his concubine Maachah. ( 1 Chronicles 2:48 ) (B.C. about 1451.)
特瓦 TIRHAKAH
代表
王下22:14 代下34:22 拉10:15
ISBE
ter-ha-ka, tir-ha-ka (tirhaqah; Codex Vaticanus in 2 Kings Thara; elsewhere and in Codex Alexandrinus Tharaka; Josephus Tharsikes):
1. Name and Prenomen:
The king of Cush or Ethiopia (basileus Aithiopon), who opposed Sennacherib in Israel (2 Ki 19:9; Isa 37:9). The name of this ruler of Egypt and his native realm appears in hieroglyphics as Taharqa, his prenomen being Nefer-atmu-Ra-chu, "Nefer-atmu-Ra protects." The Assyrian form of Tirhakah is Tarqu or Tarquu (inscriptions of Assur-bani-pal).
2. Origin and Length of Reign:
Tirhakah was one of the sons, and apparently the favorite, of Piankhy II. He left his mother, and the city Napata, at the age of 20; and when she followed him northward, she found him crowned as king of Egypt. As he died, after a reign of at least 26 years, in 667 BC, he must have mounted the throne about 693 BC.
3. A Chronological Difficulty
The engagement between Tirhakahs army and the Assyrians is regarded as having taken place in 701 BC. Petrie explains this date by supposing he acted at first for the reigning Pharaoh, his cousin Shabatoka, Tirhakah not having officially become Pharaoh until the formers death in 693 BC. There is a general opinion, however, that the Assyrian historians, like those of 2 King and Isaiah, have mingled two campaigns made by Sennacherib, one of them being after the accession of Tirhakah.
4. First Conflict with the Assyrians:
According to the Old Testament account, Sennacherib was besieging Libnah when Tirhakahs army appeared in Israel. In Sennacheribs inscriptions, however, the battle with "the king(s) of Mucuru (Egypt) and the bowmen, chariots, and cavalry of Meruhha" (Meroe or Ethiopia), who had come to Hezekiahs help, took place in the neighborhood of Eltekeh. He claims to have captured the sons of the king (variant, "kings") of Egypt and the charioteers of the king of Meruhha, and then, having taken Eltekeh, Timna, and Ekron, he brought out Padi from Jerusalem, and resented him on the throne of Ekron. The name of Tirhakah does not occur in his account.
5. Struggles with Esar-haddon and Assur-bani-pal. His Death:
It would seem to have been Egypts interference in Palestinian affairs which caused the Assyrian kings to desire the conquest of that distant country. According to the Babylonian Chronicle, the Assyrian army fought in Egypt in the 7th year of Esar-haddon (675 BC), and the country was then apparently quiet until 672 BC, when Esar-haddon marched thither, and after fighting three battles, entered Memphis. "The king" (Tirhakah) fled, but his sons and nephews were made prisoners. In the latter campaign (670 BC) Esar-haddon fell ill and died on the way out, so that the operations were, apparently, completed by his son, Assur-bani-pal (Osnap-par); On hearing of the Assyrian success at Kar-Baniti, Tirhakah, who was at Memphis, fled to Thebes. The 20 petty kings installed in Egypt by Esar-haddon were restored by Assur-bani-pal, but they feared the vengeance of Tirhakah after the Assyrian army had retired, and therefore made an agreement with him. On this news reaching the Assyrian king, he sent his army back to Egypt, and the petty rulers having been abolished, Necho king of Memphis and Sais was set on the throne, with his son, Nabu-sizbanni, as ruler in Athribes. On hearing of the success of the Assyrian armies, Tirhakah fled, and died in Cush (Ethiopia). He was suceeded by TanTamane (Identified with Tanut-Amon), son of Sabaco, whom the Assyrians defeated in the last expedition which they ever made to Egypt (see W. F. Petrie, History of Egypt, III, 294 ff).
T. G. Pinches
Easton
the last king of Egypt of the Ethiopian (the fifteenth) dynasty. He was the brother-in-law of So (q.v.). He probably ascended the throne about B.C. 692, having been previously king of Ethiopia (2 Kings 19:9; Isa. 37:9), which with Egypt now formed one nation. He was a great warrior, and but little is known of him. The Assyrian armies under Esarhaddon, and again under Assur-bani-pal, invaded Egypt and defeated Tirhakah, who afterwards retired into Ethiopia, where he died, after reigning twenty-six years.
HDBN
inquirer; examiner; dull observer
SBD
or Tirhakah (exalted? ) king of Ethiopia (Cush), the opponent of Sennacherib. ( 2 Kings 19:9 ; Isaiah 37:9 ) He may be identified with Tarkos or Tarakos, who was the third and last king of the twenty-fifth dynasty, which was of Ethiopians. His accession was probably about B.C. 695. Possibly Tirhakah ruled over Ethiopia before becoming king of Egypt.
特羅非摩 TROPHIMUS
代表
徒20:4 徒11:28 徒11:29 提後4:20
ISBE
trof-i-mus (Trophimos, literally, "a foster child" (Acts 20:4; 21:29; 2 Tim 4:20)): An Asiatic Christian, a friend and companion-in-travel of the apostle Paul.
1. An Ephesian:
In the first of the three passages in which Trophimus is mentioned, he and Tychicus are called Asianoi, that is, natives of the Roman province of Asia; and making it still more definite, in Acts 21:29, he is termed an "Ephesian." Trophimus was one of eight friends, who accompanied Paul at the close of his 3rd missionary journey, and traveled with him from Greece through Macedonia into Asia, and onward by sea until Jerusalem was reached (see TYCHICUS). Trophimus went with Paul all the way, for, in the second of the passages referred to, he is mentioned as being with Paul in Jerusalem immediately on the close of this journey.
2. Cause of Pauls Arrest:
He was the innocent cause of Paul being assaulted, in the courts of the temple by the Jewish mob, and then of his being arrested and imprisoned by the Romans. The occasion of this outrage was that the Jews supposed that Paul had "brought Greeks also into the temple, and .... defiled this holy place" (Acts 21:28). The modicum of fact lying at the root of this false accusation was that they had seen Paul and Trophimus in each others company in the city. On this slender basis "they supposed" that Paul had brought Trophimus past the barrier or middle wall of partition (Eph 2:14; see PARTITION), beyond which no Gentile was allowed to penetrate on pain of death. They supposed that Trophimus who was neither a Jew nor a proselyte, but Gentile Christian, had been introduced into the temple itself by Paul--which would have been profanation. Hence, their fury against the apostle.
How strongly they insisted on the crime which Trophimus was falsely alleged to have committed on that occasion, is seen again in the way in which the orator Tertullus repeated the charge against Paul before the Roman governor Felix, who moreover assayed to profane the temple" (Acts 24:6).
3. At Miletus:
The third reference to Trophimus is in 2 Tim 4:20, "Trophimus I left at Miletus sick." This final notice shows that he was again--several years after the date indicated in the previous passages--traveling with Paul on one of the missionary journeys which the apostle undertook after being liberated from his first imprisonment in Rome. It is exceedingly difficult, perhaps impossible, to trace the course of the different journeys which Paul now made, as there is no such narrative as is given in Acts for the former journeys, but merely incidental notices of his later travels, in the Pastoral Epistles. In this, the last of all his letters--2 Timothy--Paul indicates various places which he had visited, and also the names of friends who traveled with him on this the last of his apostolic journeys.
Among other places, he had visited Miletus, a city on the coast of the province of Asia; and there his old friend Trophimus had been laid down with illness, so severe that he could travel no farther, but Paul left him "at Miletus sick." It is to be noted that Miletus was not far from Ephesus, which was Trophimus native city. There would be much intercourse between the two cities (see Acts 17, where Paul sends for the elders of the church at Ephesus to come to him at Miletus, which they did). Trophimus therefore, in his sickness, could easily reach Ephesus, or his friends from that city could quickly come to him at Miletus, and give him whatever attention and nursing he might require.
4. The Description of 2 Corinthians 8:18:
It has been conjectured that Trophimus is to be identified with the person mentioned in 2 Cor 8:16-24. Paul there speaks in the highest terms of one of his companions--but without giving his name--whom he sent with Titus. Titus and this disciple were evidently those to whose care Paul entrusted the carrying of the Second Epistle to the Corinthians to its destination. The apostle says of this unnamed brother, not only that his praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches, but also that he was chosen by the churches to travel with him, i.e. with Paul, with this grace, i.e. with the contribution of money collected in the Gentile churches for the poor saints in Jerusalem.
Now it is certain that at the close of his 3rd missionary journey Paul carried these gifts to Jerusalem ("I came to bring alms to my nation, and offerings," Acts 24:17); and some of the eight friends who accompanied him on the journey (Acts 20:4) were those who had been entrusted by the churches with the safe conveyance of the money. Speaking of these collections, Paul writes (1 Cor 16:3-4). "Whomsoever ye shall approve, them will I send with letters to carry your bounty unto Jerusalem: and if it be meet for me to go also, they shall go with me." These conditions were fulfilled, when Paul and his eight friends traveled from Greece to Jerusalem, carrying the money with them. There is therefore certainty that one of the eight is the brother referred to in 2 Cor 8:18, whose praise in the gospel was in all the churches, and whom the churches had appointed to travel with Paul for the purpose of carrying the money contribution, and whom Paul had "many times proved earnest in many things" (2 Cor 8:18,19,22). The eight were Sopater of Berea, Aristarchus and Secundus, both from Thessalonica, Gaius of Derbe, Timothy, Tychicus and Trophimus, both "Asians," and lastly Luke.
There is certainly the possibility that the unnamed brother was Trophimus: if not Trophimus, then he was one of the other seven. Of these seven, by the process of elimination, the unnamed brother could only be one of those who traveled with Paul the whole distance as far as Jerusalem, for this was the work which "the brother" had been appointed by the churches to do. Now it is certain that Luke and Trophimus were with him on his arrival in Jerusalem (Acts 21:17,29). Therefore the brother whose praise in the gospel was in all the churches may very well have been Trophimus: if not Trophimus, then possibly Luke or Aristarchus. Gaius and Aristarchus are termed "Pauls companions in travel" (Acts 19:29); and Aristarchus was afterward with Paul in Israel, and sailed with him to Rome. It is quite remarkable that the same word, sunekdemos, "companion in travel," is applied to the unnamed brother (2 Cor 8:19), and to Gaius and Aristarchus in Acts 19:29.
As the conditions do not seem to be satisfied in Sopater, Secundus or Timothy, the brother so highly commended must have been either Luke or Gaius or Aristarchus or Tychicus or Trophimus.
John Rutherfurd
Easton
a foster-child, an Ephesian who accompanied Paul during a part of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4; 21:29). He was with Paul in Jerusalem, and the Jews, supposing that the apostle had brought him with him into the temple, raised a tumult which resulted in Paul's imprisonment. (See TEMPLE, HEROD'S
HDBN
well educated; well brought up
SBD
(nutritious ). Both Trophimus and Tychicus accompanied Paul from Macedonia as far as Asia, but Tychicus seems to have remained there, while Trophimus proceeded with the apostle to Jerusalem. (A.D. 54.) There he was the innocent cause of the tumult in which St. Paul was apprehended. ( Acts 21:27-29 ) From this passage we learn two new facts, viz. that Trophimus was a Gentile, and that he was a native of Trophimus was probably one brethren who, with Titus, conveyed the second Epistle to the Corinthians. ( 2 Corinthians 8:16-24 ) [TYCHICUS]
猶八 JUBAL
代表
創4:21
ISBE
joo-bal (yubhal; for meaning see JABAL): Son of Lamech by Adah, and inventor of musical instruments (Gen 4:21).
Easton
jubilee, music, Lamech's second son by Adah, of the line of Cain. He was the inventor of "the harp" (Heb. kinnor, properly "lyre") and "the organ" (Heb. 'ugab, properly "mouth-organ" or Pan's pipe), Gen. 4:21.
HDBN
he that runs; a trumpet
SBD
(music ), a son of Lamech by Adah, and the inventor of the "harp and organ." ( Genesis 4:21 )
猶利亞 JULIA
代表
羅16:15
ISBE
joo-li-a (Ioulia): The name of a Roman Christian to whom Paul sent greetings, the wife or sister of Philologus with whose name hers is coupled (Rom 16:15). The name points to member of the imperial household.
Easton
a Christian woman at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutations (Rom. 16:15), supposed to be the wife of Philologus.
HDBN
downy; soft and tender hair
SBD
(feminine of Julius), a Christian woman at Rome, probably the wife of Philologus, in connection with whom she is saluted by St. Paul. ( Romans 16:15 ) (A.D. 55.)
猶士都 JUSTUS
代表
徒1:23 徒18:7 西4:11
ISBE
jus-tus (Ioustos): There are three of this name mentioned in the New Testament.
(1) It was the Roman surname of JOSEPH BARSABBAS (which see) (Acts 1:23).
(2) A Corinthian proselyte (sebomenos ton Theon), whose house adjoined the synagogue and who received Paul when the Jews opposed him (Acts 18:7). He was probably a Roman citizen, one of the colonies, and so he would be of assistance to the apostle in his work among the better class of Corinth. There is some disagreement among manuscripts regarding the name. Textus Receptus of the New Testament gives "Justus" alone. the Revised Version (British and American) following Codex Sinaiticus, Codex E, Vulgate, Bohairic, Armenian, gives "Titus Justus"; Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Tischendorf, Codex Vaticanus, Codex Bezae, give "Titius Justus"; Cheyne (EB, under the word "Justus") thinks these forms a corruption of "Tertius Justus," and that the bearer of the name was the "Tertius" of Rom 16:22. Paul still continued his lodgings with Aquila and Priscilla, but made the house of Justus his own synagogue.
(3) A Jew, Jesus Justus, mentioned with Mark and Aristarchus by Paul in his letters to the Colossians (Col 4:11), is a fellow-worker and one that had been a comfort unto him.
S. F. Hunter
Easton
(1.) Another name for Joseph, surnamed Barsabas. He and Matthias are mentioned only in Acts 1:23. "They must have been among the earliest disciples of Jesus, and must have been faithful to the end; they must have been well known and esteemed among the brethren. What became of them afterwards, and what work they did, are entirely unknown" (Lindsay's Acts of the Apostles). (2.) A Jewish proselyte at Corinth, in whose house, next door to the synagogue, Paul held meetings and preached after he left the synagogue (Acts 18:7). (3.) A Jewish Christian, called Jesus, Paul's only fellow-labourer at Rome, where he wrote his Epistle to the Colossians (Col. 4:11).
HDBN
just or upright
SBD
(just ). A surname of Joseph, called Barsabas. ( Acts 1:23 ) (A.D. 30.) A Christian at Corinth, with whom St. Paul lodged. ( Acts 18:7 ) (A.D. 49.) (Given in the Revised Version as TITUS JUSTUS; and it is possible that he may be the same person as Titus the companion of Paul.) A surname of Jesus, a friend of St. Paul. ( Colossians 4:11 ) (A.D. 57.)
猶大 JUDA
代表
路3:26
ISBE
joo-da: Lk 1:39 the King James Version, see JUTTAH; Lk 3:26, see JODA; 3:30, see JUDAS.
Easton
(1.) The patriarch Judah, son of Jacob (Luke 3:33; Heb. 7:14). In Luke 1:39; Heb. 7:14; Rev. 5:5; 7:5, the word refers to the tribe of Judah. (2.) The father of Simeon in Christ's maternal ancestry (Luke 3:30). (3.) Son of Joanna, and father of Joseph in Christ's maternal ancestry (26), probably identical with Abiud (Matt. 1:13), and with Obadiah (1 Chr. 3:21). (4.) One of the Lord's "brethren" (Mark 6:3).
SBD
(praised ). Son of Joseph, in the genealogy of Christ. ( Luke 3:30 ) Son of Joanna, or Hananiah. [HANANIAH, 8] ( Luke 3:26 ) He seems to be certainly the same person as ABIUD in ( Matthew 1:13 ) One of the Lords brethren, enumerated in ( Mark 6:3 ) The patriarch Judah. Sus. 56; ( Luke 3:33 ; Hebrews 7:14 ; Revelation 5:5 ; 7:5 ) indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
猶大 JUDAH
代表
創29:35 代上5:2 拉2:40 拉3:9 拉10:23 尼11:9 尼12:8 尼12:34 尼12:36
Easton
praise, the fourth son of Jacob by Leah. The name originated in Leah's words of praise to the Lord on account of his birth: "Now will I praise [Heb. odeh] Jehovah, and she called his name Yehudah" (Gen. 29:35). It was Judah that interposed in behalf of Joseph, so that his life was spared (Gen. 37:26, 27). He took a lead in the affairs of the family, and "prevailed above his brethren" (Gen. 43:3-10; 44:14, 16-34; 46:28; 1 Chr. 5:2). Soon after the sale of Joseph to the Ishmaelites, Judah went to reside at Adullam, where he married a woman of Canaan. (See ONAN
HDBN
the praise of the Lord; confession
SBD
(praised, celebrated ), the fourth son of Jacob and the fourth of Leah. (B.C. after 1753.) Of Judahs personal character more traits are preserved than of any other of the patriarchs, with the exception of Joseph, whose life he in conjunction with Reuben saved. ( Genesis 37:26-28 ) During the second visit to Egypt for corn it was Judah who understood to be responsible for the safety of Benjamin, ch. ( Genesis 43:3-10 ) and when, through Josephs artifice, the brothers were brought back to the palace, he is again the leader and spokesman of the band. So too it is Judah who is sent before Jacob to smooth the way for him in the land of Goshen. ch. ( Genesis 46:28 ) This ascendancy over his brethren is reflected in the last words addressed to him by his father. The families of Judah occupy a position among the tribes similar to that which their progenitor had taken among the patriarchs. The numbers of the tribe at the census at Sinai were 74,600. ( Numbers 1:26 Numbers 1:27 ) On the borders of the promised land they were 76,500. ( Genesis 26:22 ) The boundaries and contents of the territory allotted to Judah are narrated at great length, and with greater minuteness than the others, in ( Joshua 15:20-63 ) The north boundary, for the most part coincident with the south boundary of Benjamin, began at the embouchure of the Jordan and ended on the west at Jabneel on the coast of the Mediterranean, four miles south of Joppa. On the east the Dead Sea, and on the west the Mediterranean, formed the boundaries. The southern line is hard to determine, since it is denoted by places many of which have not been identified. It left the Dead Sea at its extreme south end, and joined the Mediterranean at the Wady el-Arish. This territory is in average length about 45 miles, and in average breadth about 50.
猶大 JUDAS
代表
路3:30 約6:71 太13:55 可6:3 太10:3 可3:18 路6:16 約14:22 徒1:13 路2:2 徒5:37 徒9:11 徒15:22 徒15:27 徒15:32
ISBE
joo-das (Ioudas; Greek form of Hebrew "Judah"):
(1) A Levite mentioned in 1 Esdras 9:23 = JUDAH (3).
(2) Judas Maccabeus, 3rd son of Mattathias (1 Macc 2:4).
See MACCABEES.
(3) Judas, son of Chalphi, a Jewish officer who supported Jonathan bravely at the battle of Hazor (1 Macc 11:70; Ant, XIII, v, 7).
(4) A person of good position in Jerusalem at the time of the mission to Aristobulus (2 Macc 1:10); he has been identified with Judas Maccabeus and also with an Essene prophet (Ant., XIII, xi, 2; BJ, III, 5).
(5) Son of Simon the Maccabee, and brother of John Hyrcanus (1 Macc 16:2). He was wounded in the battle which he fought along with his brother against Cendebeus (1 Macc 16:1 ff; Ant, XIII, vii, 3), and was murdered by Ptolemy the usurper, his brother-in-law, at Dok (1 Macc 16:11 ff).
J. Hutchinson
Easton
the Graecized form of Judah. (1.) The patriarch (Matt. 1:2, 3). (2.) Son of Simon (John 6:71; 13:2, 26), surnamed Iscariot, i.e., a man of Kerioth (Josh. 15:25). His name is uniformly the last in the list of the apostles, as given in the synoptic (i.e., the first three) Gospels. The evil of his nature probably gradually unfolded itself till "Satan entered into him" (John 13:27), and he betrayed our Lord (18:3). Afterwards he owned his sin with "an exceeding bitter cry," and cast the money he had received as the wages of his iniquity down on the floor of the sanctuary, and "departed and went and hanged himself" (Matt. 27:5). He perished in his guilt, and "went unto his own place" (Acts 1:25). The statement in Acts 1:18 that he "fell headlong and burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out," is in no way contrary to that in Matt. 27:5. The sucide first hanged himself, perhaps over the valley of Hinnom, "and the rope giving way, or the branch to which he hung breaking, he fell down headlong on his face, and was crushed and mangled on the rocky pavement below." Why such a man was chosen to be an apostle we know not, but it is written that "Jesus knew from the beginning who should betray him" (John 6:64). Nor can any answer be satisfactorily given to the question as to the motives that led Judas to betray his Master. "Of the motives that have been assigned we need not care to fix on any one as that which simply led him on. Crime is, for the most part, the result of a hundred motives rushing with bewildering fury through the mind of the criminal." (3.) A Jew of Damascus (Acts 9:11), to whose house Ananias was sent. The street called "Straight" in which it was situated is identified with the modern "street of bazaars," where is still pointed out the so-called "house of Judas." (4.) A Christian teacher, surnamed Barsabas. He was sent from Jerusalem to Antioch along with Paul and Barnabas with the decision of the council (Acts 15:22, 27, 32). He was a "prophet" and a "chief man among the brethren."
HDBN
Jude
SBD
the Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah, occurring in the LXX, and the New Testament. The patriarch Judah. ( Matthew 1:2 Matthew 1:3 ) A man residing at Damascus, in "the street which is called Straight," in whose house Saul of Tarsus lodged after his miraculous conversion. ( Acts 9:11 )
猶尼亞 JUNIAS
代表
羅16:7
SBD
Revised Version for JUNIA above. It is the more literal form.
猶底 JEHUDI
代表
耶36:14 耶36:21 耶36:23
ISBE
je-hu-di (yehudhi, properly "a Jew"): An officer of King Jehoiakim (Jer 36:14,21,23). He was sent by the princes to summon Baruch to read the roll containing Jeremiahs prophecies to them; he afterward read them to the king, who destroyed them. His name is noteworthy, as also is that of his grandfather Cushi (i.e. "Ethiopian"), and the two are said to point to a foreign origin.
Easton
a Jew, son of Nethaniah. He was sent by the princes to invite Baruch to read Jeremiah's roll to them (Jer. 36:14, 21).
SBD
(a Jew ), son of Nethaniah, a man employed by the princes of Jehoiakims court to fetch Baruch to read Jeremiahs denunciation, ( Jeremiah 36:14 ) and then by the king to fetch the volume itself and read it to him. vs. ( Jeremiah 36:21 Jeremiah 36:23 ) (B.C. 605.)
猶拉 JOELAH
代表
代上12:7
ISBE
jo-e-la (yo`elah, perhaps = yo`elah, "may he avail!"): One of Davids recruits at Ziklag (1 Ch 12:7 (Hebrew 8)); a Benjamite or perhaps a Judean (see Curtis, Chronicles, 195 f).
Easton
a Benjamite who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:7).
HDBN
lifting up; profiting; taking away slander
猶推古 EUTYCHUS
代表
徒20:9 徒20:10
ISBE
u-ti-kus (Eutuchos, "fortunate"): The story of Eutychus occurs in the "we" section of Acts, and is therefore related by an eyewitness of the incidents (Acts 20:7-12). On the first day of the week the Christians of Troas had met for an evening service in an upper chamber, and were joined by Paul and his company. As he was to leave in the morning, Paul "prolonged his speech until midnight." A youth named Eutychus, who was sitting at the open window, became borne down with sleep owing to the lateness of the hour, and ultimately fell through the opening from the third story. He "was taken up dead." This direct statement is evaded by De Wette and Olshausen, who translate "for dead." Meyer says this expresses the judgment of those who took him up. However, Luke, the physician, is giving his verdict, and he plainly believes that a miracle was wrought by Paul in restoring a corpse to life. The intention of Luke in relating this incident is to relate a miracle. Paul went down and embraced the youth while comforting the lamenting crowd, "Make ye no ado; for his life is in him." The interrupted meeting was resumed, the bread was broken, and the conversation continued till break of day. "And they brought the lad alive, and were not a little comforted."
S. F. Hunter
Easton
fortunate, (Acts 20:9-12), a young man of Troas who fell through drowsiness from the open window of the third floor of the house where Paul was preaching, and was "taken up dead." The lattice-work of the window being open to admit the air, the lad fell out and down to the court below. Paul restored him to life again. (Comp. 1 Kings 17:21; 2 Kings 4:34.)
HDBN
happy; fortunate
SBD
(fortunate ), a youth at Troas, ( Acts 20:9 ) who sitting in a window, and having fallen asleep while St. Paul was discoursing, fell from the third story, and being taken up dead, was miraculously restored to life by the apostle.
猶流 JULIUS
代表
徒27:1 徒27:43
ISBE
joo-li-us (Ioulios): The centurion of the Augustan cohort under whose charge Paul was sent a prisoner to Rome (Acts 27:1,3).
See ARMY, ROMAN; AUGUSTAN BAND.
Easton
the centurion of the Augustan cohort, or the emperor's body-guard, in whose charge Paul was sent prisoner to Rome (Acts 27:1, 3, 43). He entreated Paul "courteously," showing in many ways a friendly regard for him.
HDBN
same as Julia
SBD
(soft-haired ), the centurion of "Augustus band," to whose charge St. Paul was delivered when he was sent prisoner from Caesarea to Rome. ( Acts 27:1 Acts 27:3 ) (A.D. 60.)
猶滴 JUDITH
代表
創26:34
ISBE
joo-dith (for etymology, see next article):
(1) A wife of Esau, daughter of Beeri the Hittite (Gen 26:34).
(2) The heroine of the Book of Judith in Apocrypha--a pious, wealthy, courageous, and patriotic widow who delivered Jerusalem and her countrymen from the assault of Holofernes, the general of Nebuchadnezzar who had arranged the expedition which aimed at making Nebuchadnezzar the object of universal human worship.
The 8th and following chapters of the book describe her actions which resulted in the cutting off of the head of Holofernes, the rout of the Assyrian army, and the deliverance of the Jews.
See JUDITH, BOOK OF.
Easton
Jewess, the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and one of Esau's wives (Gen. 26:34), elsewhere called Aholibamah (36:2-14).
HDBN
same as Judah
SBD
(Jewess , or praised ). The daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and wife of Esau. ( Genesis 26:34 ) (B.C. 1797.) The heroine of the apocryphal book which bears her name, who appears as an ideal type of piety, Judith 8:6, beauty, ch. 11:21, courage and chastity. ch. 16:22 ff.
猶甲 JEHUCAL
代表
耶37:3 耶38:1
ISBE
je-hu-kal (yechukhal, probably meaning "Yahweh is able"): A courtier sent by King Zedekiah to Jeremiah to ask the prophet to pray for the king and the people (Jer 37:3). Most versions except Septuagint, with Jer 38:1, have "Jucal" ( yukhal, same meaning).
Easton
able, the son of Shelemiah. He is also called Jucal (Jer. 38:1). He was one of the two persons whom Zedekiah sent to request the prophet Jeremiah to pray for the kingdom (Jer. 37:3) during the time of its final siege by Nebuchadnezzar. He was accompanied by Zephaniah (q.v.).
HDBN
mighty; perfect; wasted
SBD
(able ), son of Shelemiah; one of two persons sent by King Zedekiah to Jeremiah to entreat his prayers and advice. ( Jeremiah 37:3 ) (B.C. 589.)
玻黑列哈斯巴音 POCHERETH OF ZEBAIM
代表
拉2:57 尼7:59
珊合 SHAMHUTH
代表
代上27:8
ISBE
sham-huth.
See SHAMMUAH, IV.
HDBN
desolation; destruction
SBD
(desolation ), the fifth captain for the fifth month in Davids arrangement of his army. ( 1 Chronicles 27:8 ) (B.C. 1020.)
珊瑪 SHAMMA
代表
代上7:37
ISBE
sham-a (shamma; Codex Vaticanus Sema; Codex Alexandrinus Samma): An Asherite (1 Ch 7:37).
SBD
(astonishment ), one of the sons of Zophar, an Asherite. ( 1 Chronicles 7:37 )
珊示萊 AHSMSHERAI
代表
代上8:26


ISBE - 國際標準聖經百科全書 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
Easton - Easton's Bible Dictionary
HBND - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary