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每日一詞 主題辭典 聖經人名 聖經地名 聖經英文

搜尋方式: 本搜尋引擎限搜尋一個字,採模糊比對。

目前本系統共收錄了 1,856 個聖經相關人名
以及 HDBN 包含了 2,616 個姓名的意義解釋。


中文名字 英文名字 查詢經文 代表經文 Nave's Topical Bible ISBE Easton HBND SDB
蘇列 ZURIEL
代表
民3:35
ISBE
zu-ri-el (tsuri-el, "my rock is El (God)"): Prince of the house of Merari (Nu 3:35).
The word tsur, "rock," occurs also in the compound names Elizur (Nu 1:5), Zurishaddai (Nu 1:6, etc.) and Pedahzur (Nu 1:10). Gray, Numbers 6, says that a Sabean name Suriaddana is found in an inscription said to be of the 8th century BC, or somewhat carrier (Hommel, Ancient Hebrew Tradition, 320), and bartsur, in a Zinjirli inscription of the 8th century BC (Panammu Inscr., 1. 1), and that possibly the Old Testament place-name "Beth-zur" should be added (Josh 15:58; 1 Ch 2:45; 2 Ch 11:7; Neh 3:16).
David Francis Roberts
HDBN
rock or strength of God
蘇利沙代 ZURISHADDAI
代表
民1:6 民2:12 民7:36 民10:19
ISBE
zu-ri-shad-a-i, zu-ri-shad-i (tsurishadday, "my rock is Shadday"): Father of Shelumiel the head of the tribe of Simeon (Nu 1:6; 2:12; 7:36,41; 10:19).
See GOD, NAMES OF, II, 8; ZURIEL.
HDBN
the Almighty is my rock and strength
蘇弗 ZUPH
代表
撒上1:1 代上6:26
ISBE
zuf (tsuph, "honeycomb"):
(1) According to 1 Sam 1:1b; 1 Ch 6:35 (Hebrew verse 20) = "Zophai" of 1 Ch 6:26 (11), an ancestor of Elkanah and Samuel. But Budde and Wellhausen take it to be an adjective, and so read tsuphi, in 1 Sam 1:1b: "Tohu a Zuphite, an Ephraimite." It should probably be read also in 1:1a: "Now there was a certain man of the Ramathites, a Zuphite of the hill-country of Ephraim," as the Hebrew construction in the first part of the verse is otherwise unnatural. The Septuagints Codex Alexandrinus has Soup; Lucian has Souph in 1 Sam 1:1b; 1 Ch 6:26 (11); Codex Vaticanus has Souphei; Codex Alexandrinus and Lucian have Souphi; 6:35 (20), Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus have Souph; Lucian has Souphi; and the Kethibh has tsiph.
(2) The Septuagints Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus have Seiph; Lucian has Sipha, "the land of Zuph," a district in Benjamin, near its northern border (1 Sam 9:5).
David Francis Roberts
HDBN
that beholds
SBD
(honeycomb ), The land of, a district at which Saul and his servant arrived after passing through the possessions of Shalisha, of Shalim and of the Benjamites. ( 1 Samuel 9:5 ) only. It evidently contained the city in which they encountered Samuel, ver. 6, and that again was certainly not far from the "tomb of Rachel." It may perhaps be identified with Soba, a well-known place about seven miles due west of Jerusalem.
蘇押 ZUAR
代表
民1:8 民2:5 民7:18
ISBE
zu-ar, zoo-ar (tsu`-ar "little one"; Sogar): Father of Nethanel (Nu 1:8; 2:5; 7:18,23; 10:15), who was head of the tribe of Issachar.
HDBN
same as Zoar
SBD
(littleness ), father of Nethaneel the chief of the tribe of Issachar at the time of the exodus. ( Numbers 1:8 ; 2:5 ; Numbers 7:18 Numbers 7:23 ; 10:15 ) (B.C. 2491.)
蘇撒拿 SUSANNA
代表
路8:3
Easton
lily, with other pious women, ministered to Jesus (Luke 8:3).
HDBN
lily; rose; joy
SBD
(a lily ). The heroine of the story of the Judgment of Daniel. (The book which gives an account of her life is also called "The history of Susanna," and is one of the apocryphal books of the Bible.) One of the women who ministered to the Lord. ( Luke 8:3 ) (A.D. 28-30.)
蘇珥 ZUR
代表
民30:5 民25:15 書13:21 代上8:30 代上9:36
ISBE
zur (tsur "rock"):
(1) A prince or chief (Nu 25:15; 31:8) of Midian, father of the woman slain with Zimri by Phinehas. Josh 13:21 describes him as one of the princes of Sihon, but the reference there is regarded as a gloss.
(2) An inhabitant of Gibeon (1 Ch 8:30; 9:36), to be connected probably, according to Curtis, with "Zeror" of 1 Sam 9:1.
HDBN
stone; rock; that besieges
SBD
(a rock ). Father of Cozbi, ( Numbers 25:15 ) and one of the five princes of Midian who were slain by the Israelites when Balaam fell. ( Numbers 31:8 ) (B.C. 1451.) Son of Jehiel, the founder of Gideon. ( 1 Chronicles 8:30 ; 9:36 ), (B.C. after 1445.)
蘇西 SUSI
代表
民13:11
ISBE
su-si, soo-si (cuci): Father of Gaddi, one of the spies, who represented the tribe of Manasseh (Nu 13:11 ). See Gray, HPN, 92.
Easton
the father of Gaddi, who was one of the twelve spies (Num. 13:11).
HDBN
horse; swallow; moth
SBD
the father of Gaddi the Manassite spy. ( Numbers 13:11 )
RAM
代表
得4:19 代上2:9 代上2:10 代上2:25 代上2:27
Easton
exalted. (1.) The son of Hezron, and one of the ancestors of the royal line (Ruth 4:19). The margin of 1 Chr. 2:9, also Matt. 1:3, 4 and Luke 3:33, have "Aram." (2.) One of the sons of Jerahmeel (1 Chr. 2:25, 27). (3.) A person mentioned in Job 32:2 as founder of a clan to which Elihu belonged. The same as Aram of Gen. 22:21.
HDBN
elevated; sublime
SBD
(high, exalted ). A son of Hezron and the father of Ammin-adab, born in Egypt after Jacobs migration there. ( Ruth 4:19 ) (B.C. 1706.) In ( Matthew 1:3 Matthew 1:4 ) and Luke 3:33 he is called ARAM in the Authorized Version, but RAM in the Revised Version of ( Matthew 1:3 Matthew 1:4 ) and ARNI in the Revised Version of ( Luke 3:33 ) The first-born of Jerahmeel, and therefore nephew of the preceding. ( 1 Chronicles 3:25 1 Chronicles 3:27 ) (B.C. after 1706.) One of the kindred of Elihu. ( Job 32:2 ) Ewald identified this Ram with ARAM in ( Genesis 22:21 )
西亞 SIAHA
代表
拉2:44 尼7:47
SBD
- Sia. ( Ezra 2:44 )
西伊伯 ZEEB
代表
士7:15
ISBE
ze-eb, zeb.
See OREB.
Easton
the wolf, one of the two leaders of the great Midianite host which invaded Israel and was utterly routed by Gideon. The division of that host, which attempted to escape across the Jordan, under Oreb and Zeeb, was overtaken by the Ephraimites, who, in a great battle, completely vanquished them, their leaders being taken and slain (Judg. 7:25; Ps. 83:11; Isa. 10:26).
HDBN
wolf
SBD
(wolf ), one of the two "princes" of Midian in the great invasion of Israel. (B.C. about 1250.) He is always named with Oreb. ( Judges 7:25 ; 8:3 ; Psalms 83:11 ) Zeeb and Oreb were not slain at the first rout of the Arabs, but at a later stage of the struggle, probably ill crossing the Jordan at a ford farther down the river. Zeeb, the wolf, was brought to bay in a wine-press which in later times bore his name --the "wine-press of Zeeb." [OREB]
西公都 SECUNDUS
代表
徒12:4 徒12:5
ISBE
se-kun-dus (Westcott-Hort Greek text Sekoundos, Textus Receptus of the New Testament, Sekoundos): A Thessalonian who was among those who accompanied Paul from Greece to Asia (Acts 20:4). They had preceded Paul and waited for him at Troas. If he were one of the representatives of the churches in Macedonia and Greece, entrusted with their contributions to Jerusalem (Acts 24:17; 2 Cor 8:23), he probably accompanied Paul as far as Jerusalem. The name is found in a list of politarchs on a Thessalonian inscription.
Easton
second, a Christian of Thessalonica who accompanied Paul into Asia (Acts 20:4).
HDBN
second
SBD
(fortunate ), a Thessalonian Christian. ( Acts 20:4 ) (A.D. 55.) Seer, [PROPHET]
西列 SELED
代表
代上2:30
ISBE
se-led (tseledh): A Jerahmeelite (1 Ch 2:30 twice).
HDBN
affliction; warning
SBD
(exultation ), one of the sons of Nadab, a descendant of Jerahmeel: ( 1 Chronicles 2:30 ) (B.C. after 1450.)
西利 ZERI
代表
代25:3
ISBE
ze-ri (tseri, meaning unknown): "Son" of Jeduthun, and a temple musician (1 Ch 25:3) = "Izri" of 1 Ch 25:11, which should be read here.
See IZRI.
SBD
(built ), one of the sons of Jeduthun in the reign of David. ( 1 Chronicles 25:3 ) (B.C. 1043.)
西割 SEGUB
代表
王下16:34 王上16:34 書6:26 代上2:21
ISBE
se-gub (seghubh (Qere), seghibh (Kethibh); Codex Vaticanus Zegoub; Codex Alexandrinus Segoub): 15:27; 1 Ch 9:22, etc.), And chozeh (2 Sam 24:11; 2 Ki 17:13; 1 Ch 21:9; 25:5; 29:29, etc.). The former designation is from the ordinary verb "to see"; the latter is connected with the verb used of prophetic vision. It appears from 1 Sam 9:9 that "seer" (ro-eh) was the older name for those who, after the rise of the more regular orders, were called "prophets." It is not just, however, to speak of the "seers" or "prophets" of Samuels time as on the level of mere fortune-tellers. What insight or vision they possessed is traced to Gods Spirit. Samuel was the ro-eh by pr-eeminence, and the name is little used after his time. Individuals who bear the title "seer" (chozeh) are mentioned in connection with the kings and as historiographers (2 Sam 24:11; 1 Ch 21:9; 25:5; 29:29; 2 Ch 9:29; 12:15; 19:2, etc.), and distinction is sometimes made between "prophets" and "seers" (2 Ki 17:13; 1 Ch 29:29, etc.). Havernick thinks that "seer" denotes one who does not belong to the regular prophetic order (Introductions to Old Testament, 50 ff, English translation), but it is not easy to fix a precise distinction.
(1) The youngest son of Hiel, the rebuilder of Jericho (1 Ki 16:34). The death of Segub is probably connected with the primitive custom of laying foundations with blood, as, indeed, skulls were found built in with the brickwork when the tower of Bel at Nippur was excavated. See GEZER. If the death of the two sons was based on the custom just mentioned, the circumstance was deliberately obscured in the present account. The death of Segub may have been due to an accident in the setting up of the gates. In any event, tradition finally yoked the death of Hiels oldest and youngest sons with a curse said to have been pronounced by Joshua on the man that should venture to rebuild Jericho (Josh 6:26).
(2) Son of Hezron and father of Jair (1 Ch 2:21).
Horace J. Wolf
Easton
elevated. (1.) The youngest son of Hiel the Bethelite. His death is recorded in 1 Kings 16:34 (comp. Josh. 6:26). (2.) A descendant of Judah (1 Chr. 2:21, 22).
HDBN
fortified; raised
SBD
(elevated ). The youngest son of Hiel the Hethelite who rebuilt Jericho. ( 1 Kings 18:34 ) (B.C. about 910.) Son of Hezron. ( 1 Chronicles 2:21 1 Chronicles 2:28 ) (B.C. about 1682.)
西哈 ZIHA
代表
拉2:43尼7:46
ISBE
zi-ha (tsicha, tsicha (Neh 7:46), meaning unknown): An overseer of Nethinim (Neh 11:21) who are called (Ezr 2:43; Neh 7:46) "the children (or sons) of Ziha." The Septuagints Codex Vaticanus and Alexandrinus omit Neh 11:20 f; the Septuagint has Sial, Lucian Siaau; in Neh 7:46; the Septuagint Codex Vaticanus Sea; Codex Alexandrinus has Oiaa; Lucian has Soulai; in Ezr 2:43 the Septuagints Codex Vaticanus has Southia; Codex Alexandrinus has Souaa; Lucian has Souddaei.
Easton
drought. (1.) The name of a family of Nethinim (Ezra 2:43; Neh. 7:46). (2.) A ruler among the Nethinim (Neh. 11:21).
HDBN
brightness; whiteness; drought
SBD
(parched ). The children of Ziha were a family of Nethinim who returned with Zerubbabel. ( Ezra 2:43 ; Nehemiah 7:46 ) (B.C. 536.) Chief of the Nethinim in Ophel. ( Nehemiah 11:21 ) The name is probably identical with the preceding.
西坡拉 ZIPPORAH
代表
出2:21 出2:22
ISBE
zi-po-ra, zip-o-ra (tsipporah; Sepphora): The Midianite wife of Moses, daughter of Jethro, also called Hobab, and probably grand-daughter of Reuel, a priest of Midian at the time Moses fled from Egypt, later succeeded at his death by Jethro, or Hobab (Ex 2:21,22; 4:25,26; 18:2-6).
Whether or not Zipporah was the "Cushite woman" (Nu 12:1) is a much-mooted question. There is little ground for anything more than speculation on the subject. The use of the words, "Cushite woman" in the mouth of Aaron and Miriam may have been merely a description of Zipporah and intended to be opprobrious, or they may have been ethnic in character and intended to denote another woman whom Moses had married, as suggested by Ewald (Gesch. des Volkes Israel, II, 252). The former view seems the more probable. The association of Midian and Cushan by Habakkuk (3:7) more than 700 years afterward may hardly be adduced to prove like close relationship between these peoples in the days of Moses.
M. G. Kyle
HDBN
beauty; trumpet; mourning
SBD
or Zipporah, daughter of Reuel or Jethro, the priest of Midian, wife of Moses and mother of his two sons Gershom and Eliezer. ( Exodus 2:21 ; 4:25 ; 18:2 ) comp. Exod 18:6 (B.C. 1530.) The only incident recorded in her life is that of the circumcision of Gershom. ( Exodus 4:24-28 )
西宏 SIHON
代表
民21:21 民21:22 民21:23 民21:24 民21:25 民21:26 民21:27 民21:28 民21:29 民21:30 民21:31 民21:32
ISBE
si-hon (cichon): King of the Amorites, who vainly opposed Israel on their journey from Egypt to Israel, and who is frequently mentioned in the historical books and in the Psalms because of his prominence and as a warning for those who rise against Yahweh and His people (Nu 21:21, and often; Dt 1:4; 31:4; Josh 2:10; Jdg 11:19,20,21; 1 Ki 4:19; Neh 9:22; Ps 135:11; 136:19; Jer 48:45).
Easton
striking down. The whole country on the east of Jordan, from the Arnon to the Jabbok, was possessed by the Amorites, whose king, Sihon, refused to permit the Israelites to pass through his territory, and put his army in array against them. The Israelites went forth against him to battle, and gained a complete victory. The Amorites were defeated; Sihon, his sons, and all his people were smitten with the sword, his walled towns were captured, and the entire country of the Amorites was taken possession of by the Israelites (Num. 21:21-30; Deut. 2:24-37). The country from the Jabbok to Hermon was at this time ruled by Og, the last of the Rephaim. He also tried to prevent the progress of the Israelites, but was utterly routed, and all his cities and territory fell into the hands of the Israelites (comp. Num. 21:33-35; Deut. 3:1-14; Ps. 135: 10-12; 136:17-22). These two victories gave the Israelites possession of the country on the east of Jordan, from the Arnon to the foot of Hermon. The kingdom of Sihon embraced about 1,500 square miles, while that of Og was more than 3,000 square miles.
HDBN
rooting out; conclusion
SBD
(warrior ) king of the Amorites when Israel arrived on the borders of the promised land. ( Numbers 21:21 ) (B.C. 1451.) Shortly before the time of Israels arrival he had dispossessed the Moabites of a splendid territory, driving them south of the natural bulwark of the Amen. Ibid. ( Numbers 21:26-29 ) When the Israelite host appeared, he did not hesitate or temporize like Balak, but at once gathered his people together and attacked them. But the battle was his last. He and all his host were destroyed, and their district from Amen to Jabbok became at once the possession of the conqueror.
西巴 SEBA
代表
創10:7 詩72:10 賽43:3利10:7 士8:10
ISBE
se-ba (cebha; Saba (Gen 10:7; 1 Ch 1:9); Greek ibid., but Codex Vaticanus has (Saban):
1. Forms of Name, and Parentage of Seba:
The first son of Cush, his brothers being Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtecha. In Ps 72:10 and Isa 43:3 (where the Greek has Soene), Seba is mentioned with Egypt and Ethiopia, and must therefore have been a southern people. In Isa 45:14 we meet with the gentilic form, (csebhaim) (Sabaeim), rendered "Sabaeans," who are described as "men of stature" (i.e. tall), and were to come over to Cyrus in chains, and acknowledge that God was in him--their merchandise, and that of the Ethiopians, and the labor of Egypt, were to be his.
2. Position of the Nation:
Their country is regarded as being, most likely, the district of Saba, North of Adulis, on the west coast of the Red Sea. There is just a possibility that the Sabi River, stretching from the coast to the Zambesi and the Limpopo, which was utilized as a waterway by the states in that region, though, through silting, not suitable now, may contain a trace of the name, and perhaps testifies to still more southern extensions of the power and influence of the Sebaim. (See Th. Bent, The Ruined Cities of Mashonaland, 1892.) The ruins of this tract are regarded as being the work of others than the black natives of the country. Dillmann, however, suggests (on Gen 10:7) that the people of Seba were another branch of the Cushites East of Napatha by the Arabian Sea, of which Strabo (xvi. 4, 8, 10) and Ptolemy (iv.7, 7 f) give information.
See SHEBA and HDB, under the word
T. G. Pinches
Easton
(1.) One of the sons of Cush (Gen. 10:7). (2.) The name of a country and nation (Isa. 43:3; 45:14) mentioned along with Egypt and Ethiopia, and therefore probably in north-eastern Africa. The ancient name of Meroe. The kings of Sheba and Seba are mentioned together in Ps. 72:10.
HDBN
a drunkard; that turns
SBD
(pl. Sebaim ; in Authorized Version incorrectly rendered Sabeans) heads the list of the sons of Cush. Besides the mention of Seba in the lists of the pens of Cush, ( Genesis 10:7 ; 1 Chronicles 1:9 ) there are but three notices of the nation -- ( Psalms 72:10 ; Isaiah 43:3 ; 45:14 ) These passages seem to show that Seba was a nation of Africa bordering on or included in Cush, and in Solomons time independent and of political importance. It may perhaps be identified with the island of Meroe. Josephus says that Saba was the ancient name of the Ethiopian island and city of Meroe, but he writes Seba, in the notice of the Noachian settlements, Sabas. The island of Meroe lay between the Astaboras, the Atbara, the most northern tributary of the Nile, and the Astapus, the Bahr el-Azrak, "Blue River," the eastern of its two great confluents.
西巴 ZEBAH
代表
士8:10 士8:12 士8:13 士8:14 士8:15 士8:16 士8:17 士8:18 士8:19 士8:20 士8:21 詩83:11
Easton
man-killer, or sacrifice, one of the two kings who led the vast host of the Midianites who invaded the land of Israel, and over whom Gideon gained a great and decisive victory (Judg. 8). Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon. The kings were taken alive and brought back across the Jordan; and confessing that they had personally taken part in the slaughter of Gideon's brothers, they were put to death (comp. 1 Sam. 12:11; Isa. 10:26; Ps. 83:11).
HDBN
victim; sacrifice
SBD
and Zalmunna (deprived of protection ), the two "kings" of Midian who commanded the great invasion of Palestine, and who finally fell by the hand of Gideon himself. ( Judges 8:5-21 ; Psalms 83:11 ) (B.C. 1250.) While Oreb and Zeeb, two of the inferior leaders of the incursion, had been slain, with a vast number of their people, by the Ephraimites, at the central fords of the Jordan the two kings had succeeded in making their escape by a passage farther to the north (probably the ford near Bethshean), and thence by the Wady Yabis , through Gilead, to Kurkor, high up on the Hauran. Here they sere reposing their with 15,000 men, a mere remnant of their huge horde, when Gideon overtook them. The people fled in dismay, and Gideon captured the two kings and brought them to his native village, Ophrah where he slew them because they had killed his brothers.
西巴第雅 ZEBADIAH
代表
代上8:15 代上8:16 代上8:17 代上8:18 代上12:7 代上26:1代上26:2 代下17:8代下19:11 拉8:8 拉10:20
ISBE
zeb-a-di-a ((1) zebhadhyaha, (2) zebhadhyah, "Yah has bestowed"; the form (1) is the Hebrew name in (1), (a), (b), (2), below; the form (2) in the rest. Some manuscripts have Zechariah in (1), (a), (b), (3)).
Compare ZABDI; ZABDIEL:
(1) Levites: (a) a Korahite doorkeeper of Davids reign (1 Ch 26:2); (b) one of the Levites sent by King Jehoshaphat to teach the Torah in Judah (2 Ch 17:8).
(2) Son of Ishmael (2 Ch 19:11); "ruler of the house of Judah in all the kings (Jehoshaphats) matters," i.e. judge in civil cases, the "controversies" of 2 Ch 19:8.
(3) Benjamites, perhaps descended from Ehud (see Curtis, Chron., 158 ff): (a) In 1 Ch 8:15; (b) in 8:17, where the name may be a dittography from 8:15.
(4) A Benjamite recruit of David at Ziklag (1 Ch 12:7 (Hebrew verse 8)).
(5) One of Davids army officers, son and successor of Asahel (1 Ch 27:7).
(6) One of those who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Ezra (Ezr 8:8) = "Zaraias" of 1 Esdras 8:34.
(7) One of those who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:20) = "Zabdeus" of 1 Esdras 9:21.
David Francis Roberts
Easton
gift of Jehovah. (1.) A son of Asahel, Joab's brother (1 Chr. 27:7). (2.) A Levite who took part as one of the teachers in the system of national education instituted by Jehoshaphat (2 Chr. 17:7, 8). (3.) The son of Ishmael, "the ruler of the house of Judah in all the king's matters" (2 Chr. 19:8-11). (4.) A son of Beriah (1 Chr. 8:15). (5.) A Korhite porter of the Lord's house (1 Chr. 26:2). Three or four others of this name are also mentioned.
HDBN
portion of the Lord; the Lord is my portion
SBD
A Benjamite of the sons of Beriah. ( 1 Chronicles 8:15 ) A Benjamite of the sons of Elpaal. ( 1 Chronicles 8:17 ) One of the sons of Jeroham of Gedor. ( 1 Chronicles 12:7 ) Son of Asahel, the brother of Joab. ( 1 Chronicles 27:7 ) Son of Michael, of the sons of Shephatiah. ( Ezra 8:8 ) A priest Of the sons of Immer, who had married a foreign wife after the return from Babylon. ( Ezra 10:20 ) Third son of Meshelemiah the Korhite. ( 1 Chronicles 26:3 ) A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat. ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ) The son of Ishmael and prince of the house of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat. ( 2 Chronicles 19:11 )
西布倫 ZEBULON
代表
創30:30 創30:20
西布勒 ZEBUL
代表
士9:26 士9:27 士9:28 士9:29 士9:30 士9:31 士9:32 士9:33 士9:34 士9:35 士9:36 士9:37 士9:37 士9:38 士9:39 士9:40 士9:41 士9:42 士9:43 士9:44 士9:45
ISBE
ze-bul (zebhul, perhaps "exalted"; Zeboul): In Jdg 9:26 ff. He is called in 9:30 sar ha-`ir, "the ruler of the city," a phrase translated "the governor of the city" in 1 Ki 22:26 = 2 Ch 18:25; 2 Ki 23:8; 2 Ch 34:8; he was "commandant of the town" of Shechem. In Jdg 9:28 he is referred to as the paqidh, "officer," or, more correctly, "deputy" of Abimelech. This verse is a little difficult, but if we read "served" for "serve ye," it becomes fairly clear in meaning. With Moore (Judges, 255 ff) we may translate it thus: "Who is Abimelech? and who is Shechem, that we should serve him (i.e. Abimelech)? Did not the son of Jerubbaal and Zebul his deputy (formerly) serve the people of Qamor (the father of Shechem)? Why then should we serve him (Abimelech)?" This is also the way Budde (Kurzer Hand-Comm. z. Altes Testament, 75) takes the verse. And further in Jdg 9:29 for "and he said" many read with the Septuagint "then would I say."
The position of Zebul is here that of a deputy to Abimelech, who lived in Arumah (Jdg 9:41). When Gaal came to Shechem, a newcomer with a band of men, he seized the opportunity at a vintage feast to attack Abimelech and express a desire to lead a revolt against him (Jdg 9:26-29). Zebul heard these words and reported the matter to his master, vising him to make s sudden rush upon the city (Jdg 9:30-33). This Abimelech does, and Gaal, on noticing the troops, tells Zebul, who turns upon him and bids him make good his bragging words. Gaal is thus forced to go out and fight Abimelech, and is defeated (Jdg 9:34-40).
If this be the correct interpretation of the narrative so far, it is fairly simple and clear. Some, however, maintain that the words of Gaal about Zebul in Jdg 9:28 are meant as an insult to the governor of the city; this is the view of Wellbausch (Compos., 353 f, note) and Nowack (Handkomm.; compare also his Archdologie, I, 304, 308, for the meaning of sar). Zebul is, according to them, head of the Shechemite community, and Wellhausen and Kittel (History of Hebrew, II, 85) believe him to have had something to do with the revolt of 9:23-25. For the latter view there is no proof; possibly Zebul was the head of the community of Shechem, but as he was a subject of Abimelech, who was the king or prince of Shechem, there could not be much sting in calling him the" deputy" of his master.
The questions that arise from Jdg 9:41 ff need only be referred to here. Many critics have seen in 9:22-45 more than one source. Moore groups the verses thus: (1) 9:22-23,25,42 ff as due to the Elohist (E), with 9:24 from RJE; (2) 9:26-41 due to J. It is doubtful if the division is as clear as this. There seem however to be parallels: (1) The plans of Abimelech in 9:34-40 are very similar to those in 9:42 ff. (2) Jdg 9:41b seems to give in short what we find related in 9:34-40. (3) Septuagint in 9:31 has suggested to many that we should read there, "and he sent messengers unto Abimelech in Arumah," instead of reading "craftily." We would thus have a parallel to 9:41a. It may be suggested therefore that if the account be double (and it is strange that Abimelech should again attack the city by almost the same methods as before, when the revolters had been already got rid of), the narratives would be in this order:
Introductory, Jdg 9:23-25; then 9:26-29,30 common to both, and so possibly part of 9:31 and 32 f. Then we have two accounts of the event: (a) 9:31 (part),34-40; (b) 9:41-45, followed by 9:46 ff.
David Francis Roberts
Easton
habitation, the governor of Shechem under Abimelech (Judg. 9:28, 30, 36). He informed his master of the intention of the people of Shechem to transfer their allegiance to the Hivite tribe of Hamor. This led to Abimelech's destroying the city, when he put its entire population to the sword, and sowed the ruins with salt (Judg. 9:28-45).
HDBN
a habitation
SBD
(habitation ), chief man (Authorized Version "ruler") of the city of Shechem at the time of the contest between Abimelech and the native Canaanites. ( Judges 9:28 Judges 9:30 Judges 9:36 Judges 9:41 ) (B.C. 1209.)
西布大 ZEBUDAH
代表
王下23:36
ISBE
ze-bu-da.
See ZEBIDAH.
Easton
given, the wife of Josiah and mother of Jehoiakim (2 Kings 23:36).
HDBN
endowed; endowing
SBD
(bestowed ), wife of Josiah and mother of King Jehoiakim. ( 2 Kings 23:36 ) (B.C. 653.)
西帖 SETHEUR
代表
民13:13
西庇太 ZEBEDEE
代表
太4:21 可1:19 可1:20
ISBE
zeb-e-de (zibhdi, "the gift of God"; Zebedaios): The father of the apostles James and John (Mk 1:19) and a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee (Mk 1:20), the husband of Salome (Mt 27:56; compare Mk 16:1).
See JAMES; SALOME.
Easton
a Galilean fisherman, the husband of Salome (q.v.), and the father of James and John, two of our Lord's disciples (Matt. 4:21; 27:56; Mark 15:40). He seems to have been a man of some position in Capernaum, for he had two boats (Luke 5:4) and "hired servants" (Mark 1:20) of his own. No mention is made of him after the call of his two sons by Jesus.
HDBN
abundant; portion
SBD
(my gift ) (Greek form of Zabdi ) a fisherman of Galilee, the father of the apostles James the Great and John ( Matthew 4:21 ) and the husband of Salome. ( Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40 ) He probably lived either at Bethsaida or in its immediate neighborhood. It has been inferred from the mention of his "hired servants," ( Mark 1:20 ) and from the acquaintance between the apostle John and Annas the high priest, ( John 18:15 ) that the family of Zebedee were in easy circumstances. comp. ( John 19:27 ) although not above manual labor. ( Matthew 4:21 ) He appears only twice in the Gospel narrative, namely, in ( Matthew 4:21 Matthew 4:22 ; Mark 1:19 Mark 1:20 ) where he is seen in his boat with his two sons mending their nets.


ISBE - 國際標準聖經百科全書 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
Easton - Easton's Bible Dictionary
HBND - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary